Cambridge

3478
Nominal Guns80B181
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered16.7.1810B181
Keel Laid Down12.1811B181
Launched23.6.1815B181
First Commissioned12.1823B181
How acquiredPurpose builtB181
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B181
ConstructorWilliam StoneB181
CategoryThird RateB181
Ship TypeShip of the Line B181
Sailing RigShip RiggedB181
Broken Up22.3.1869B181

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1817
Length of Gundeck187' 2 ¼"Imperial Feet57.004 
Length of Keel154' 10 ½"Imperial Feet46.9519 
Breadth50' 11 ½"Imperial Feet15.2527 
Depth in Hold21' 7"Imperial Feet6.5786 
Draught Forward14' 11"Imperial Feet4.2736 
Draught Aft17' 3"Imperial Feet5.1925 
Burthen2,139Tons BM 

Armament


1818Broadside Weight = 1050 Imperial Pound ( 476.175 kg)B181
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck4 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

1839Broadside Weight = 1356 Imperial Pound ( 614.946 kg)BWAS-1817
Lower Gun Deck4 British 68-Pound Shell Gun
Lower Gun Deck26 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck2 British 68-Pound Shell Gun
Upper Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1815700Design complementB181

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1823 - 1827CaptainThomas James MalingBWAS-179331.1.1840 - 26.1.1843CaptainEdward Barnard (1782-1863)NBD18499.8.1856 - 1857CaptainRichard Strode Hewlett (d.1875)NBD18493.1.1857 - 1.4.1862CaptainArthur William Jerningham (1807-1889)NBD18491.4.1862 - 20.4.1863Captain Leopold George Heath (1817-1907)NBD184920.4.1863 - 5.1687CaptainCharles Joseph Frederick Ewart (1816-1864)NBD18495.1867 - 1.1869CaptainFitzgerald Algernon Charles Foley (1823-1903)W025

5 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
25.1.1825 - 2.4.1828LieutenantJohn Billingsley (1796-?)NBD18491.2.1840 - 10.2.1844LieutenantHenry Ainslie (1813-?)NBD18496.8.1841 - 11.12.1844LieutenantEdward Hughes AlstonNBD184913.9.1841 - 17.10.1842LieutenantCharles Douglas O'Brien (d.1846)NBD184914.5.1842 - 28.1.1843First LieutenantHenry Bainbridge (d.1846)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
23.6.1815building at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £82556.0.0dBWAS-1793
1.1.1817Refitted as a 82 gun Second RateBWAS-1817
12.1823Commissioned as a guardship at ChathamBWAS-1793
1824In South AmericaBWAS-1793
10.1827Began small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1793
10.1828Completed small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £14904.0.0dBWAS-1793
1.1838Began small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1793
1839Refitted as a 80 gun Second RateBWAS-1817
4.1840Completed small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £22093.0.0dBWAS-1793
26.1.1843

Paid of at Devonport Dockyard

BWAS-1817
8.1856fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £5373.0.0dBWAS-1793
9.8.1856Refitted as a Unrated Gunnery Training Ship at PlymouthBWAS-1817
1.1869Paid off
22.3.1869Break up completed at PlymouthBWAS-1793


Notes on Ship


Description of the launchTIMES
"... several thousands of spectators assembled ... to witness the launch of the Cambridge, an 80-gun line-of-battle ship...the Commissioners of the Admiralty, Navy, and Ordnance, arrived in their respective barges; the band of the Tower Hamlets Militia was in front of the Admiralty booth, and a marine band stationed on the quarterdeck of the Cambridge. Precisely at three o'clock she went off the slips in a most majestic manner; the two bands struck up, Rule Britannia, and the acclamations of the multitude rent the air... not the smallest accident happened. She remained in the midst of the river some time, under jury masts, and decorated with different colours, and afterwards dropped down with the tide to Woolwich, where she is to be coppered,"

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B181Sail and Steam Navy ListDavid Lyon and Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1817British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817 - 1863Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
W025William Loney RN - BackgroundP DavisWeb Site
TIMESThe Times (Newspaper) Document
 

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