Centurion -> 1744 Eagle -> 1745 Centurion

3527
Nominal Guns60BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.2.1728/29BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down9.9.1729BWAS-1714
Launched6.1.1732/33BWAS-1714
First Commissioned22.2.1733/34
Home PortAlexandria - Egypt BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
Ship Class1719 Establishment 60-Gunner
Designed byJoseph Allin (d.1759)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJoseph Allin (d.1759)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up18.12.1769BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck144' 1"Imperial Feet43.8918 
Length of Keel117' 5"Imperial Feet35.6691 
Breadth40' 1 ½"Imperial Feet12.2047 
Depth in Hold16' 5"Imperial Feet4.898 
Burthen1,005 5094Tons BM 

Armament


1733Broadside Weight = 435 Imperial Pound ( 197.2725 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1734365EstablishmentBWAS-1714
16.9.1748250As a 50-gun ship

14 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
22.2.1733/34 - 14.5.1734CaptainJohn Weller (d.1752): on board from 2.4.1734 ADM 6/14/166ADM 6/147.5.1734 - 1.7.1735CaptainFrancis Dansays (d.1754): on board from 15.5.1734 ADM 6/14/186B0511.7.1735 - 2.10.1736CaptainGeorge Proctor (d.1736) ADM 6/14/215BWAS-17145.10.1736 - 8.12.1737CaptainJohn Durell (d.1748) ADM 6/15/70
Commission confirmed 6.6.1737
BWAS-1714
9.12.1737 - 18.9.1740CaptainGeorge Anson (1697-1762): on board from 13.12.1737 ADM 6/15/87B05118.9.1740 - 21.6.1743CommodoreGeorge Anson (1697-1762)ADM 5121.6.1743 - 29.9.1743CaptainPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747) ADM 6/16/323
Commission confirmed 19.6.1744
ADM 6/16
14.2.1746/47 - 27.8.1748CaptainPeter Denis (c.1713-1778) ADM 6/17/200B05126.8.1748 - 16.9.1752CaptainAugustus Keppel (1725-1786): on board from 1.9.1748 ADM 6/17/377B0512.10.1754 - 19.11.1759CaptainWilliam Mantell (c.1714-1765) ADM 6/18/110B05119.11.1759 - 16.6.1760CaptainJohn Rushworth (d.1779) ADM 6/19/113ADM 6/1916.6.1760 - 2.12.1762CaptainJames Galbraith (c.1717-1782) ADM 6/19/174B0514.5.1763 - 7.9.1763CaptainAugustus John Hervey (1724-1779) ADM 6/19/492BWAS-17147.9.1763 - 25.9.1766CaptainThomas Harrison (1725-1768) ADM 6/19/535BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
21.6.1743 - 23.6.1744CommodoreGeorge Anson (1697-1762)BWAS-17149.10.1754 - 26.7.1755CommodoreAugustus Keppel (1725-1786)BWAS-1714

20 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
23.2.1733/34 - 8.12.1737First LieutenantJohn Draper (d.1743) ADM 6/14/168ADM 6/1423.2.1733/34 - 13.4.1735Second LieutenantJohn Stringer (d.c.1747) ADM 6/14/168ADM 6/1414.4.1735 - 4.5.1735Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsRowland Cotton (d.1739) ADM 6/14/208ADM 6/145.5.1735 - 10.3.1736/37Second LieutenantRowland Cotton (d.1739) ADM 6/15/211ADM 6/145.5.1735 - 11.3.1735/36Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsMontague Bertie (d.1753) ADM 6/15/211ADM 6/1411.3.1736/37 - 8.12.1737Second LieutenantArthur Crocker (d.1740) ADM 6/15/72ADM 6/159.12.1737 - 6.8.1739First LieutenantAshby Utting (d.1745/46) ADM 6/15/87ADM 6/159.12.1737 - 6.8.1739Second LieutenantDavid Cheap (d.1752) ADM 6/15/86ADM 6/159.12.1737 - 6.8.1739Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsHugh Fortescue (d.1740) ADM 6/15/86ADM 6/157.8.1739 - 2.11.1740First LieutenantDavid Cheap (d.1752) ADM 6/15/209ADM 6/157.8.1739 - 11.11.1739Second LieutenantHugh Fortescue (d.1740) ADM 6/15/209ADM 6/1512.11.1739 - 27.12.1739Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsPeter Denis (c.1713-1778) ADM 6/14/234ADM 6/1528.12.1739 - 2.11.1740Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747) ADM 6/14/242ADM 6/153.11.1740 - 18.2.1740/41Second LieutenantPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747)ref:8333.11.1740 - 20.6.1743Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsPeter Denis (c.1713-1778) ADM 6/16/360
Commission confirmed 7.9.1744
ADM 6/16
18.2.1740/41 - 27.2.1740/41First LieutenantPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747)ODNB14.4.1741 - 21.6.1743First LieutenantPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747)ODNB30.9.1743 - 20.7.1744Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsWilliam Langdon (1711-1785) ADM 6/17/111
Commission confirmed 4.6.1746
ADM 6/18
16.9.1746 - 18.3.1746/47First LieutenantJames Cooke (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/17/153ADM 6/1716.9.1746 - 9.10.1746Second LieutenantWilliam Tell ADM 6/17/153ADM 6/17

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.6.1740 - 20.6.1743MasterJustinian Nutt (c.1704-1757) ADM 107/5/534ADM 107/56.12.1743 - 8.1.1744/45MasterJohn Campbell (1719-1790) ADM 6/86/18ADM 6/86

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
21.1.1748/49 - 27.7.1749MidshipmanAdam Duncan (1731-1804) ADM 107/4/244ADM 107/4

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
28.7.1749 - 4.10.1752Able SeamanAdam Duncan (1731-1804) ADM 107/4/244ADM 107/4

Service History


DateEventSource
1738Sailed on a voyage to the west coast of Africa and the West IndiesB051
1739Returned to EnglandB051
10.8.1740Moved with the squadron to St HelensB051
25.8.1740Arrived in MadieraB051
8.9.1740The squadron left St HelensB051
3.11.1740Left MadieraB051
21.12.1740Anchored at the island of St Catherine'sB051
18.1.1740/41Left St Catherine's sailing south along the coast of AmericaB051
18.2.1740/41Arrived at the island of St JulianB051
27.2.1740/41Left the island of St JulianB051
7.3.1740/41Passed the straights of Le Maire into the Pacific and became seperated form the rest of the squadronB051
9.6.1741Arrived at Juan FernandezB051
7.1741Took the Carmelo a Spanish ship and fitted her as a cruiserB051
9.1741Rejoined by Trial (8) and a prize, the Trial (8) was so badly damaged she was scuttledBWAS-1714
9.1741Boats under lieutenant Sir Peircy Brett (c.1710-1781) landed at and took PiataBWAS-1714
16.11.1741Left PiataB051
18.11.1741Rejoined by Gloucester (50) with two prizesBWAS-1714
12.1741Arrived at the island of QuiboB051
12.1741Left Quibo for the coast of MexicoB051
29.1.1741/42Off the pacific coast of MexicoB051
7.4.1742Arrived in Acapulco in company with the Gloucester (50) and three prize ships
8.5.1742Left the American coast in company with the Gloucester (50) , the prizes having been scuttledBWAS-1714
16.8.1742The Gloucester (50) was scuttledBWAS-1714
28.8.1742Arrived at TinianB051
21.10.1742Left TinianB051
12.11.1742Anchored in Macao RoadsB051
17.4.1743Left MacaoB051
1.5.1743Arrived off FormosaB051
20.5.1743Arrived off Espiritu SantoB051
16.6.1743Took the Fourth Rate Ship of the Line Nuestra Señora de Covadonga (50) Near Cape Espiritu Santo
20.6.1743Took the Nuestra Sennora de Covadonga, spanish galleon worth £500,000B051
14.7.1743Entered Canton where he sold the prize ship for $6,000B051
7.12.1743Left CantonB051
11.3.1743/44Arrived at the CapeB051
15.7.1744Arrived at SpitheadB051
20.7.1744Paid offADM 51
9.1744Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
15.12.1744Renamed EagleBWAS-1714
15.11.1745Renamed CenturionBWAS-1714
1746Repaired and reduced to a 50 gun Fourth RateB051
9.1746Refitted as a 50 gun Fourth Rate Ship of the Line
9.1746Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £16485.2.3dBWAS-1714
3.5.17471st Battle of Cape Finisterre
20.6.1747Action of June 20 1747
28.8.1748Paid off at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth ADM 106
1749Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1751In the MediterraneanB051
16.9.1752Paid offADM 51
1754Escorting troops to North AmericaB051
23.12.1754Sailed for VirginiaBWAS-1714
26.7.1755

Sailed from Hampton Roads - Virginia

ref:1190
12.8.1755

Arrived at Halifax - Nova Scotia

ref:1190
16.4.1757Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1758At LouisburgBWAS-1714
6.6.1758The Siege of Louisbourg
1759In North AmericaB051
24.7.1760Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
5.1762In the English fleet to Havana commanded by Admiral George Pocock (1705/6-1792)BWAS-1714
6.6.1762Arrived off HavanaB051
6.6.1762Operations against Havana
10.1762Began small repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
18.10.1762SurveyedBWAS-1714
2.12.1762

Paid off

ADM 51
2.1763Completed small repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £9998.8.1dBWAS-1714
22.9.1763Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
25.9.1766

Paid off

ADM 51
10.1766SurveyedBWAS-1714
1769Broken up at ChathamB051
5.5.1769SurveyedBWAS-1714
18.5.1769Ordered to be broken upBWAS-1714
18.12.1769Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1740/06/191744/06/14Anson's CircumnavigationGeorge Anson (1697-1762)
1754/101755Braddock's ExpeditionAugustus Keppel (1725-1786)

Notes on Ship


Spanish Gold

The cargo which Centurion brought home amounted to 2,600,000 Pieces of Eight, 150,000 Ounces of Plate, 10 Bars of Gold and a large quantity of Gold and Silver Dust, totalling £1,250,000 Sterling. Commodore George Anson arrived in London on the 17th June and on Tuesday 19th a wagon laden with silver from Centurion arrived at the Bank of England under a strong guard.




On 4th July 32 more waggons laden with treasure from Portsmouth passed through St. James's Street, the Strand and Cheapside, in their way to the Tower. They were guarded by the ship's crew and preceded by the Officers with drawn swords. With "Musick playing and Colours flying, particularly that of the Aquapulca Prize."




On 31st October 1744 the crew of the Centurion received £300 1s each, as part of their prize money; after which about forty of them, attended by fiddlers, bag-pipers etc. with cockades in their hats, went to Stratford to regale themselves.




Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/14ADM 6/14 Commission and Warrant Book 1728 4 Oct.-1735 23 Dec. Archive
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IVJohn CharnockDigital Book
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
ADM 6/16ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume VJohn CharnockDigital Book
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume VIJohn CharnockDigital Book
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ADM 6/15ADM 6/15 Commission and Warrant Book 1735 26 Dec.-1742 4 Jan. Archive
ref:833The History of GuernseyJonathan DuncanDigital Book
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/18ADM 6/18 Commission and Warrant Book 1751 May-1758 Oct.  Archive
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
ADM 107/5ADM 107/5 1757-1762 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
ADM 6/86ADM 6/86 Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1744-1747 Archive
ADM 107/4ADM 107/4 1745-1757 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
ADM 106ADM 106 Navy Board Letters-In Document
ref:1190HMS Centurion 1733-1769Shirley FishDigital Book
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Thursday 29th of May 2014 23:59

From 1741/03/07 to 1742/11/12

Copy of a letter from a Lieutenant on board the Centurion, (one of Comm. Anson's squadron) to his brother in London, dated Macao, Dec. 1, 1742
I Take this opportunity by Capt. Saunders, who goes home in a Swedish ship a passenger, to inform you, that there's still a small remainder of that once glorious squadron which would have swept the South Seas, but that the great God thought otherwise, and dashed our designs by storms and tempests, which occasioned disease and separations insomuch that twas with the greatest mercy, that those few of us which got round Cape Horne every reached a place to shelter in. Yet the same God that showed us those perils, assisted us in our greatest distress by offering us a hospitable island after beating the sea five months, with plenty of fish, water, greens and some goats. At our arrival at this island, we had buried above half our ships company, and brought in sick 150 more. We soon found the benefit of the land by our people recovering their healths; yet many of those put on shore were to far gone to ever recover. Here we passed our time, recovering our healths, and fitting our ships in order to do some matters in those seas, hoping the rest of our squadron would drop in by degrees; but we were deceived. After staying three months, our squadron consisted of the Centurion, Gloucester, and Trial sloop; the two latter having buried more men in proportion than we.
On Sept. 3, 1741, as we were all riding at anchor, at this Island called Juan Fernandes, we saw a ship at sea. We immediately got on board our ship and sailed after her, but night rescued her from us. However, at our return providence threw her consort in our way. She was about 400 tons with 67 men worth 18000l sterling in dollars with some wrought plate and a rich cargo. We carried her into our island, to show our friends there that there where some pickings up to be had.
Sept. 15, 1741 we dispatched the Tryal to cruize off Valperigo, and the Gloucester, as soon as she should get ready, to sail and cruize off Paita in the Lat. 5 Deg. S. On the 20th we sailed to join the Tryal of Valperigo, and fell in company with her the 25th who had taken a ship of 500 tons. The next day the Commodore ordered the Captain and ship's company then belonging to the Tryal, to go on board the prize she had taken and sink the Tryal, for she had carried away both her masts. We coasted along the coasts of Chili and Peru, cruzing off several principal ports; but met nothing until we came into 10 deg of S. Lat. On Nov. 6, 1741 we took a ship of 300 tons, with a good cargo, nut little money. I was ordered to command this prize. On the 12th we took another ship of 150 tons, a rich cargo and little money. She informed us, that at Paita, from whence she just came, (a small fortified town) which was about 20 leagues off, there was a ship ready to sail with a good sum of money on board. The Commodore ordered the 2nd Lieutenant and myself, with a Marine Officer, and 45 men, in 3 boats, to take the town, and secure the treasure. We landed on the 13th at two in the morning and were saluted by the Fort, which mounted 7 guns with 2 shot. We marched up to the Fort and attacked it. After firing one volley, we stormed it, sword in hand which made the enemy jump over the walls; by which means we became masters of the Fort with the loss of one man only killed and three wounded. We had possession for three days, during which time we were employed in sending on board our ship, money, jewels, wrought plate and provisions. Our plunder here we value at about 35,000/. On the 16th we nailed up their cannon and fired the town, burning two Kings Gallies, two Brigantines, and two se?tees. Here we put all our prisoners on shore, and set sail to join the Gloucester., who we met two days after having taken two prizes worth 25,000/. We had now alarmed all the coast of Peru. Our designs were therefore tending to the coast of Mexico to catch the Acapulco ship, which always arrives at Acapulco by the latter end of December or January. We watered our ship with as much dispatch as the winds and weather would permit, at the Island of Quibo, near Panama, afterwards took a small Bark, and made the best of our way to intercept the Acapulco ship. Twas the 29th of January 1741-2 before we arrived on te coast of Mexico, and as our passage was so long, we feared the ship had gone into Port: upon which the Commodore ordered to take a boat armed and go into the Port of Acapulco in the night, and discover whether the ship was arrived or not, or to take a boat so as to gain intelligence, and at the same time not to be discovered. I went according to orders, and succeeded; going into the harbour I catched a fishing boat with three men and carried them on board without being discovered. These people informed us that the ship was arrived since the 13th of January 1741-2 and that there was a great dispatch made in order to unload her, for sending her back before we appeared on the coast. This ship is reckon'd to be worth a Million sterling. The Commodore placed his squadron so advantageously round the harbour at 15 leagues distant from the land, keeping two boats, with a Lieutenant in each to be 4 leagues off the harbour, that twas impossible that anything could go in or out but we must see them. In this position we lay till the 20th of April. Our water being exhausted, and the time of the Acapulco ship's sailing being expired, we concluded they smelt our being on the watch, by missing those three men which I had taken, tho' I had put their boat on the rocks, to make the case seem plain they were drowned. But in this Spanish jealousy foiled our cunning.
We watered our ships, took as much as we could of the most valuable part of our prize cargo on board, and burnt our Spanish ships. On the 6th of May 1742, we proceeded on our voyage towards the East Indies, where we met, in this passage (contrary to everybody else, that had gone this way) foul winds, which lengthened the voyage, and introduced the scurvy among us to that degree that we seemed to be in a much worse condition than when we came into the Island of Juan Fernandes. Yet to add to our afflictions, a violent gale came on, which made our ship very leaky, and so disabled the Gloucester, by carrying away her masts and springing a leak, that we were obliged to take the Captain and ships company out, they not being able to keep the ship above water. Our men by this time, died like rotten sheep, tossing over board 6, 8, 10 or 12 a day; besides having no prospect of getting into a friendly Port for refreshment. However, in this our last distress, God almighty preserved us, for, contrary to our expectations, we saw three Islands that had formerly been inhabited by the Indians, who had left these to inhabit another about 12 leagues distant. It was ordered in the boat to look for an anchoring place, and was met by a boat with Spaniards on board her whom I took and carried on board. They discovered to us that this Island afforded above 10,000 head of cattle with plenty of hogs, lemons and oranges., which was the only treasure we then wanted. On the 28th of August 1742, we anchored at these Islands in the Lat of 16 N. and I put all the sick people on shore who soon found the effects of boiled and roast beef. We stayed here two months, in which time we gathered some strength, and on the 27th of October 1742, we sailed for the coast of China, which is distant 500 leagues. We arrived the 10th of Nov. 1742 at Macao, a Portuguese settlement at the mouth of the river Canton. We are now in waiting to know whether the Chinese will assist us with necessaries to clean our ship, and stop a leak which is very troublesome to us. What will be the consequence I can't tell; and what will be our next expedition, I am yet in the dark. You'd be desirous to know how my Commodore and I agree. To give you a character of him would require a more masterly pen; but his favours to me as well as all the other officers, are sufficient proofs of his inclination to serve us all. Farewell. I am, Dear Brother, etc.

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