Cumberland

356
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered8.6.1768BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.1.1769BWAS-1714
Named8.1768BWAS-1714
Launched29.3.1774BWAS-1714
First Commissioned12.1777
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorAdam Hayes (d.1785)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1804BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 3"Imperial Feet42.0644 
Breadth46' 10"Imperial Feet14.0208 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 2"Imperial Feet3.683 
Draught Aft16' 11 ½"Imperial Feet4.8895 
Burthen1,612 8894Tons BM 

Armament


12.1777Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
8.12.1765550Design Complement

15 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
29.12.1777 - 12.1778CaptainJoseph Peyton (1725-1804) ADM 6/21/349BWAS-171412.1778 - 1.1779CaptainHugh Dalrymple (c.1730-1784)BWAS-17141.1779 - 1781CaptainJoseph Peyton (1725-1804)BWAS-17141780CaptainHarry Harmood (1739-1809)BWAS-17141781CaptainSir Digby Dent (1739-1817)BWAS-17149.11.1781 - 1781CaptainSir Richard Bickerton (1st Baronet Bickerton of Upwood) (1727-1792) ADM 6/22/362ADM 6/228.1.1782 - 1.6.1784CaptainWilliam Allen (1728-1804) ADM 6/22/395BWAS-171410.1787 - 14.9.1791CaptainJohn Macbride (c.1735-1800)BWAS-17142.1793 - 8.1794CaptainThomas Louis (c.1758-1807)BWAS-17148.1794 - 7.1797CaptainBartholomew Samuel Rowley (1763-1811)BWAS-17147.1797 - 1799CaptainRobert MontaguBWAS-17141799 - 1801CaptainSir Thomas GravesBWAS-17141.1801 - 6.1803CaptainRobert Carthew Reynolds (1745-1811)BWAS-17146.1803 - 1.1804CaptainHenry William Bayntun (1766-1840)BWAS-17141.1804CaptainJohn SerrellBWAS-1714

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.2.1793 - 10.1793Rear-Admiral of the BlueJohn Macbride (c.1735-1800)BWAS-171410.1793 - 8.1794Rear-Admiral of the WhiteBenjamin Caldwell (1739-1820)BWAS-17147.1797 - 1798Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith) (1745/46-1823)BWAS-17141799 - 8.1799Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir Richard Hussey Bickerton (2nd Baronet Bickerton of Upwood) (1759-1832)BWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1794 - 20.7.1797LieutenantThomas Folliott BaughNBD184911.8.1800 - 14.7.1803LieutenantCharles KnightonNBD184929.10.1803 - 1804LieutenantWalter BoswellNBD1849

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1799 - 22.4.1799MasterThomas Bell (d.c.1804)ADM29-1

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
14.12.1794 - 27.5.1797MidshipmanThomas Fife (1774-1829)NAO

Service History


DateEventSource
8.6.1774Completed at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £38105.0.0dBWAS-1603
5.1778fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £6543.17.9dBWAS-1603
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
26.12.1778Sailed as reinforcement for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.1779Sailed to the Relief of GuernseyBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas shipsBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
19.1.1780Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
28.3.1780Took the Privateer Le Duc de Chartres (24) off North America
5.1780Began coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
6.1780Completed coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £7309.0.10dBWAS-1603
6.2.1782Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
20.6.17832nd Battle of Cuddalore
1.6.1784Paid offADM 51
7.1784fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
12.1785Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
2.1787Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £17850.17.5dBWAS-1603
9.1787Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
10.1787Recommissioned as a guard ship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
7.1789Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £11270.10.2dBWAS-1603
14.9.1791

Paid off

BWAS-1714
2.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
23.5.1795Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
3.1797Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
6.1797Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £18154.0.0dBWAS-1603
1798Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1603
1799Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £16553.0.0dBWAS-1603
8.1799Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1799Recommissioned for Channel serviceBWAS-1714
1801To the West IndiesBWAS-1714
30.6.1803Action off San Domingo where 4 French vessels were takenBWAS-1714
30.6.1803Took the Fifth Rate Frigate La Créole (40) off San Domingo
25.7.1803Capture of the Duquesne
1.1804Arrived at Portsmouth to pay offBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 18:28

Robert Mann (c.1748 – 20 September 1813) was promoted to rear-admiral of the blue on 4 July 1794 and raised his flag aboard the 74-gun HMS Defence. He soon transferred his flag to the 74-gun HMS Cumberland and sailed from Portsmouth in March 1795, through the strait of Gibraltar to reinforce the Mediterranean Fleet under Admiral Sir William Hotham off the east coast of Minorca. Mann was promoted to rear-admiral of the white on 1 June 1795. After cruising for a short time, the British anchored in St. Fiorenzo Bay on 29 June and refitted their ships. Mann transferred his flag to the 100-gun HMS Victory on 7 July and took part in the Battle of Hyères Islands on 13 July 1795. Victory suffered considerable damage, having had her stays shot away, as well as much of the rigging. He transferred his flag to the 98-gun HMS Windsor Castle in December 1795. He was given command of a detached squadron in 1796 and sailed to Gibraltar with seven ships to watch the French fleet at anchor at Cadiz under Admiral Joseph de Richery.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 06:24

27 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Brown, a private marine belonging to the Cumberland for writing a disrespectful letter reflecting on the conduct of Captain Gardiner, of the Marines, and Captain Growes, and on William Dean, and Thomas Taylor, private marines, for abetting and advising the said John Brown in his libellous and seditious conduct, and for endeavouring to propagate the same disrespectful spirit amongst the ship's company. The charges being proved against the prisoners, Brown was sentenced to receive 100 lashes, and the two others 50 lashes each.

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