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Cumberland

356
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered8.6.1768BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.1.1769BWAS-1714
Named8.1768BWAS-1714
Launched29.3.1774BWAS-1714
First Commissioned12.1777BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
Designed by
Sir Thomas SladeBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1744-1756
BWAS-1714
Constructor
Adam HayesBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1748-1785
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up1804BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 3"Imperial Feet42.0644 
Breadth46' 10"Imperial Feet14.0208 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 2"Imperial Feet3.683 
Draught Aft16' 11 ½"Imperial Feet4.8895 
Burthen1,612 8894Tons BM 

Armament


12.1777Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
8.12.1765550Design Complement

12 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
29.12.1777 - 11.9.1780Captain
Joseph PeytonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
Transfered ADM 6/21/349
BWAS-1714
9.11.1781 - 8.1.1782Captain ADM 6/22/362ADM 6/228.1.1782 - 1.6.1784Captain
William AllenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1799
ADM 6/22/395
BWAS-1714
13.10.1787 - 14.9.1791Captain
John MacbrideBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1799
ADM 6/23/423
BWAS-1714
20.2.1793 - 13.3.1794Captain
Thomas LouisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1807
Transfered ADM 6/24/211
BWAS-1714
23.7.1794 - 7.1797Captain
Bartholomew Samuel RowleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1811
ADM 6/25/65
BWAS-1714
7.1797 - 1799Captain
Robert MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1825
BWAS-1714
1799 - 1801Captain
Sir Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1808
BWAS-1714
1.1801 - 6.1803Captain
Robert Carthew ReynoldsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1791
BWAS-1714
23.1.1801 - 16.4.1801Acting Captain
James KatonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1841
Discharged ADM 196/5/1
ADM 196
6.1803 - 1.1804Captain
Henry William BayntunBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1775-1837
BWAS-1714
1.1804Captain
John SerrellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1812
BWAS-1714

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.7.1793 - 10.8.1793Rear-Admiral of the Blue
John MacbrideBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1799
ref:676
10.1793 - 8.1794Rear-Admiral of the White
Benjamin CaldwellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
BWAS-1714
7.1797 - 1798Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Lord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1815
BWAS-1714
1799 - 8.1799Rear-Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1794 - 20.7.1797Lieutenant
Thomas Folliott BaughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1784-1846
NBD1849
11.8.1800 - 14.7.1803Lieutenant
Charles KnightonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1843
NBD1849
29.10.1803 - 1804Lieutenant
Walter BoswellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1814
NBD1849

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1799 - 22.4.1799Master
Thomas BellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1799
ADM 29-1

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
14.12.1794 - 27.5.1797Midshipman
Thomas FifeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1813
NAO

Service History


DateEventSource
8.6.1774Completed at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £38105.0.0dBWAS-1603
5.1778fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6543.17.9dBWAS-1603
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
26.12.1778Sailed as reinforcement for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.1779Sailed to the Relief of GuernseyBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas shipsBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
19.1.1780Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
28.3.1780Took the Privateer
Le Duc de Chartres (24) 1779-1781
French 24 Gun
Privateer
off North America

5.1780Began coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1603
6.1780Completed coppering and fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £7309.0.10dBWAS-1603
6.2.1782Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
20.6.17832nd Battle of Cuddalore
1.6.1784Paid offADM 51
7.1784fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1603
12.1785Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1603
2.1787Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £17850.17.5dBWAS-1603
9.1787Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1603
10.1787Recommissioned as a guard ship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
7.1789Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £11270.10.2dBWAS-1603
14.9.1791

Paid off

BWAS-1714
2.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
23.5.1795Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
3.1797Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1603
6.1797Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £18154.0.0dBWAS-1603
1798Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1603
1799Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £16553.0.0dBWAS-1603
8.1799Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1799Recommissioned for Channel serviceBWAS-1714
1801To the West IndiesBWAS-1714
30.6.1803Action off San Domingo where 4 French vessels were takenBWAS-1714
30.6.1803Took the Frigate
La Créole (40) 1797-1803
French 40 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
off San Domingo

25.7.1803Capture of the Duquesne
1.1804Arrived at Portsmouth to pay offBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 18:28

Robert Mann (c.1748 – 20 September 1813) was promoted to rear-admiral of the blue on 4 July 1794 and raised his flag aboard the 74-gun HMS Defence. He soon transferred his flag to the 74-gun HMS Cumberland and sailed from Portsmouth in March 1795, through the strait of Gibraltar to reinforce the Mediterranean Fleet under Admiral Sir William Hotham off the east coast of Minorca. Mann was promoted to rear-admiral of the white on 1 June 1795. After cruising for a short time, the British anchored in St. Fiorenzo Bay on 29 June and refitted their ships. Mann transferred his flag to the 100-gun HMS Victory on 7 July and took part in the Battle of Hyères Islands on 13 July 1795. Victory suffered considerable damage, having had her stays shot away, as well as much of the rigging. He transferred his flag to the 98-gun HMS Windsor Castle in December 1795. He was given command of a detached squadron in 1796 and sailed to Gibraltar with seven ships to watch the French fleet at anchor at Cadiz under Admiral Joseph de Richery.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 06:24

27 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Brown, a private marine belonging to the Cumberland for writing a disrespectful letter reflecting on the conduct of Captain Gardiner, of the Marines, and Captain Growes, and on William Dean, and Thomas Taylor, private marines, for abetting and advising the said John Brown in his libellous and seditious conduct, and for endeavouring to propagate the same disrespectful spirit amongst the ship's company. The charges being proved against the prisoners, Brown was sentenced to receive 100 lashes, and the two others 50 lashes each.

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