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Berwick

361
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.10.1768BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down5.1769BWAS-1793
Launched18.4.1775B028
First Commissioned27.12.1777B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth B028
Ship ClassElizabeth ClassB028
Designed by
Sir John HenslowBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1761-1784
BWAS-1793
Constructor
Edward HuntBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1731-1740
BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Captured7.3.1795BWAS-1793
Becomes
French Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Berwick' (1795) (74) 1795-1805
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Moulded Breadth168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Breadth47Imperial Feet0.1705 
Burthen1,623Tons BM 
Burthen1,622 5694Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet42.0656 
Breadth47' 0"Imperial Feet14.3256 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 10"Imperial Feet3.6576 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 

Armament


18.4.1775Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
12.1777550Design ComplementBWAS-1793

10 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
27.12.1777 - 21.3.1781Captain
The Hon. Keith StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1794
ADM 6/21/349
ADM 6/21
21.3.1781 - 6.3.1782Captain
John FergusonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1814
: on board from 28.3.1781 Transfered ADM 6/22/263
ADM 51
6.3.1782 - 30.6.1783Captain
The Hon. Charles PhippsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1783
ADM 6/22/420
ADM 6/22
28.8.1790 - 25.1.1793Captain
Benjamin CaldwellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
25.1.1793 - 28.1.1794Captain
Sir John CollinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1794
: on board from 28.1.1793 ADM 6/24/197
BWAS-1793
3.1794 - 1794Captain
Henry TowryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1796
BWAS-1793
3.1794 - 1794Captain
George CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1819
BWAS-1793
3.1794 - 1794Acting Captain
William ShieldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1829
BWAS-1793
27.8.1794 - 1.1795Captain
William SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1795
ADM 6/25/81
BWAS-1793
1.1795 - 7.3.1795Captain
Adam LittlejohnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1790
BWAS-1793

9 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
28.8.1790 - 20.9.1790First Lieutenant
Andrew ChristieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1793
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
28.8.1790 - 24.9.1790Second Lieutenant
William BurgessBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1794
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
28.8.1790 - 24.9.1790Fourth Lieutenant
James BullockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
ADM 6/24/63
ADM 6/24
21.9.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
Amelius BeauclerkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1890
ADM 6/24/69
ADM 6/24
21.9.1790 - 1790Fifth Lieutenant
Robert Dudley OliverBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1814
ADM 6/24/69
ADM 6/24
25.9.1790 - 1790First Lieutenant
William BurgessBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1794
ADM 6/24/70
ADM 6/24
25.9.1790 - 1790Second Lieutenant
James BullockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
ADM 6/24/70
ADM 6/24
16.10.1790 - 1790Third Lieutenant
Edward ArchdallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1816
ADM 6/24/79
ADM 6/24
1795 - 10.3.1795Lieutenant
Nisbet PalmerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1811
BWAS-1793

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
12.9.1790 - 16.12.1790Midshipman
Edward Nathaniel GreenswordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1842
IPC

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
2.1780 - 1781Unknown
Henry RaperBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1841
ref:1059
3.1790 - 11.1790Servant
Samuel BurgessBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1830
NBD1849
7.9.1790 - 11.9.1790Able Seaman
Edward Nathaniel GreenswordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1842
IPC

Service History


DateEventSource
19.5.1778Completed at a cost of £30,774.11.5d plus £4,249.9.7d for fittingBWAS-1793
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
12.1779

Underwent a refit and coppering at Portsmouth for a cost of £9,763.12.6d

BWAS-1793
2.1781Refitted at Plymouth at a cost of £9,194.16.8dBWAS-1793
12.4.1781Took the Privateer
Le Calonne (32) 1781-1781
French 32 Gun
Privateer
ref:692
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
30.6.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1793
4.1786Began a repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
5.1787Completed repair at a cost of £19,661.19.3dBWAS-1793
22.5.1793Sailed for the Mediterranean and later took part in the Toulon operationsBWAS-1793
7.3.1795Captured by three French frigates in the MediterraneanW054
21.10.1805Recaptured at the Battle of TrafalgarB028
22.10.1805Wrecked off San LucarB028

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by James Crowden on Monday 4th of November 2019 20:47

My great great great grandfather an Irish gunner from Granard Co Longford called Dennis Crowden 1765-1815? was on HMS Berwick when she was captured. He was an able seaman. Then spent 6 months in a French hulk off Toulon. Joined her 12th May 1793. Came with many others from a sloop HMS sloop Swan having been in the East Indies.


Posted by greg blunt on Thursday 13th of December 2018 00:22

Can any one help with the diameter of a third rate ships bell. Also did these ships have two bells?

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