Berwick

361
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.10.1768BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down5.1769BWAS-1793
Launched18.4.1775B028
First Commissioned27.12.1777B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth B028
Ship ClassElizabeth ClassB028
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1793
Constructor Edward Hunt (d.bef.1740)BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Captured7.3.1795BWAS-1793
BecomesFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Berwick' (1795) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Moulded Breadth168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Breadth47Imperial Feet0.1705 
Burthen1,623Tons BM 
Burthen1,622 5694Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet42.0656 
Breadth47' 0"Imperial Feet14.3256 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 10"Imperial Feet3.6576 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 

Armament


18.4.1775Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
12.1777550Design ComplementBWAS-1793

10 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.12.1777 - 21.3.1781CaptainThe Hon. Keith Stewart (1739-1795) ADM 6/21/349ADM 6/2121.3.1781 - 6.3.1782Captain John Ferguson (c.1731-1818): on board from 28.3.1781 ADM 6/22/263ADM 516.3.1782 - 30.6.1783CaptainThe Hon. Charles Phipps (1753-1786) ADM 6/22/420ADM 6/2228.8.1790 - 25.1.1793Captain Benjamin Caldwell (1739-1820) ADM 6/24/63ADM 6/2425.1.1793 - 28.1.1794CaptainSir John Collins (c.1734-1794): on board from 28.1.1793 ADM 6/24/197BWAS-17933.1794 - 1794Captain Henry TowryBWAS-17933.1794 - 1794Captain George Campbell (1759-1821)BWAS-17933.1794 - 1794Acting Captain William ShieldBWAS-179327.8.1794 - 1.1795Captain William Smith ADM 6/25/81BWAS-17931.1795 - 7.3.1795Captain Adam Littlejohn (d.1795)BWAS-1793

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1790First Lieutenant William Burgess (d.1840)NBD18491795 - 10.3.1795Lieutenant Nisbet Palmer (d.1811)BWAS-1793

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
12.9.1790 - 16.12.1790Midshipman Edward Nathaniel Greensword (1774-1845)IPC

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
2.1780 - 1781Unknown Henry Raper (1767-1845)ref:10593.1790 - 11.1790Servant Samuel Burgess (1781-?)NBD18497.9.1790 - 11.9.1790Able Seaman Edward Nathaniel Greensword (1774-1845)IPC

Service History


DateEventSource
19.5.1778Completed at a cost of £30,774.11.5d plus £4,249.9.7d for fittingBWAS-1793
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
12.1779

Underwent a refit and coppering at Portsmouth for a cost of £9,763.12.6d

BWAS-1793
2.1781Refitted at Plymouth at a cost of £9,194.16.8dBWAS-1793
12.4.1781Took the Privateer Le Calonne (32) ref:692
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
30.6.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1793
4.1786Began a repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
5.1787Completed repair at a cost of £19,661.19.3dBWAS-1793
22.5.1793Sailed for the Mediterranean and later took part in the Toulon operationsBWAS-1793
7.3.1795Captured by three French frigates in the MediterraneanW054
21.10.1805Recaptured at the Battle of TrafalgarB028
22.10.1805Wrecked off San LucarB028

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by James Crowden on Monday 4th of November 2019 20:47

My great great great grandfather an Irish gunner from Granard Co Longford called Dennis Crowden 1765-1815? was on HMS Berwick when she was captured. He was an able seaman. Then spent 6 months in a French hulk off Toulon. Joined her 12th May 1793. Came with many others from a sloop HMS sloop Swan having been in the East Indies.


Posted by greg blunt on Thursday 13th of December 2018 00:22

Can any one help with the diameter of a third rate ships bell. Also did these ships have two bells?

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