Berwick

361
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.10.1768BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down5.1769BWAS-1793
Launched18.4.1775B028
First Commissioned27.12.1777
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard B028
Ship ClassElizabeth Class
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1793
ConstructorEdward Hunt (d.bef.1740)BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured7.3.1795BWAS-1793
BecomesFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Berwick' (1795) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Breadth47Imperial Feet0.1705 
Moulded Breadth168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Burthen1,623Tons BM 
Burthen1,622 5694Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet42.0656 
Breadth47' 0"Imperial Feet14.3256 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 10"Imperial Feet3.6576 
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 

Armament


18.4.1775Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
12.1777550Design ComplementBWAS-1793

8 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.12.1777 - 1777CaptainThe Hon. Keith Stewart (1739-1795) ADM 6/21/349ADM 6/211781CaptainJohn Ferguson (d.1818)EWIKI1.1793 - 3.1794CaptainSir John Collins (d.1794)BWAS-17933.1794 - 1794CaptainHenry TowryBWAS-17933.1794 - 1794CaptainGeorge Campbell (1759-1821)BWAS-17933.1794 - 1794Acting CaptainWilliam ShieldBWAS-179310.1794 - 1.1795CaptainWilliam SmithBWAS-17931.1795 - 7.3.1795CaptainAdam Littlejohn (d.1795)BWAS-1793

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1790First LieutenantWilliam Burgess (d.1840)NBD18491795 - 10.3.1795LieutenantNisbet Palmer (d.1811)BWAS-1793

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
12.9.1790 - 16.12.1790MidshipmanEdward Nathaniel Greensword (1774-1845)IPC

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
2.1780 - 1781UnknownHenry Raper (1767-1845)ref:10593.1790 - 11.1790ServantSamuel Burgess (1781-?)NBD18497.9.1790 - 11.9.1790Able SeamanEdward Nathaniel Greensword (1774-1845)IPC

Service History


DateEventSource
12.1777First CommissionedBWAS-1793
19.5.1778Completed at a cost of £30,774.11.5d plus £4,249.9.7d for fittingBWAS-1793
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
12.1779Underenwt a refit and coppering at Portsmouth for a cost of £9,763.12.6dBWAS-1793
2.1781Refitted at Plymouth at a cost of £9,194.16.8dBWAS-1793
12.4.1781Took the Privateer Le Calonne (32) ref:692
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
1783Paid offBWAS-1793
4.1786Began a repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
5.1787Completed repair at a cost of £19,661.19.3dBWAS-1793
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1793
22.5.1793Sailed for the Mediterranean and later took part in the Toulon operationsBWAS-1793
7.3.1795Captured by three French frigates in the MediterraneanW054
21.10.1805Recaptured at the Battle of TrafalgarB028
22.10.1805Wrecked off San LucarB028


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
IPCIndividual's Passing Certificate Document
ref:1059Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book
ref:692Base de donnés sur les capitaines corsaires , les navires et les armateursJJ SaleinWeb Site
W054Warships (Blog)Ron and Alexander van MaanenWeb Site
 

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