Colossus

3639
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.12.1781BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down10.1782BWAS-1714
Acquired4.4.1787BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.1787BWAS-1714
ShipyardGravesend - Kent BWAS-1714
Ship ClassCarnatic ClassBWAS-1714
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1714
ConstructorWilliam CleverleyBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked10.12.1798BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck172' 3"Imperial Feet52.4267 
Length of Keel140' 1"Imperial Feet42.6726 
Breadth48' 0"Imperial Feet14.6304 
Depth in Hold20' 8 ¾"Imperial Feet6.1151 
Draught Forward12' 1"Imperial Feet3.6703 
Draught Aft17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen1,716 7194Tons BM 

Armament


4.4.1787Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
6.1787550Design complementBWAS-1793

6 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.6.1787 - 12.10.1790CaptainHugh Cloberry Christian (1747-1798): on board from 21.6.1787 ADM 6/23/401BWAS-171415.10.1790 - 17.9.1791CaptainHenry Harvey (1737-1810): on board from 21.10.1790 ADM 6/24/78BWAS-171420.2.1793 - 1.6.1795CaptainCharles Morice Pole (1757-1830) ADM 6/24/211BWAS-17147.1794 - 1796CommanderJohn MonktonBWAS-17141796 - 1797CaptainRichard GrindallBWAS-17141797 - 10.12.1798CaptainGeorge MurrayBWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1793 - 2.8.1793LieutenantHorace Pine (d.1798)ADM 12/27B7.10.1798 - 10.12.1798LieutenantRobert Benjamin Young (1773-1846)NBD184927.5.1803 - 1804LieutenantWilliam Graves NashNAO3.5.1804 - 1805LieutenantGeorge BulleyNAO23.5.1804 - 23.12.1805LieutenantThomas Richard TokerNAO14.7.1804 - 22.7.1805Acting LieutenantSir John Banks (1786-?)NBD1849

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1788MidshipmanMathew Buckle (1770-1855)NBD184913.1.1796 - 12.2.1796MidshipmanWilliam Hill (1779-?)NAO

7 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
21.6.1787 - 6.17901st Class VolunteerFrancis Beaufort (1774-1857)NBD184924.9.1789 - 16.10.1790Captain's ServantCharles Cobbe (d.1811)1.1793 - 17951st Class VolunteerWilliam Hill (1779-?)NAO1795Ordinary SeamanJohn CoxADM 171/81795BoyDavid ClarkeADM 171/81795Able SeamanArthur KingdomADM 171/823.1.1795 - 22.8.1795VolunteerWilliam Hill (1779-?)NAO

Service History


DateEventSource
6.1787Commissioned as a guardship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
17.9.1791

Paid off

BWAS-1714
4.1793fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8886.0.0dBWAS-1714
4.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
6.6.1793Took the Lugger Vanneau (4)
9.8.1793Took the Brig Le Vrai Patriote (10) near Flavanger Norvègeref:692
4.1794refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6999.0.0dBWAS-1714
23.6.1795Action of Ile Groix
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
10.12.1798

Loss of the Collusus

It is with much concern I acquaint you with the loss of the Colossus, of 74 guns, Captain G. Murray, on the night of Monday the 10th inst. in St. Mary's Road, Scilly.
On Friday the 7th inst. the above ship came in with a direct contrary wind, having under her convoy eight vessels from Lisbon, that arrived at the same time, the rest of the fleet having parted two days before for Ireland and the northern ports. In the evening, the wind increasing to a gale, her cable parted, and all attempts to secure the ship failing, she drifted on a ledge of rocks, called Southern Wells, near the Island of Sampson, from eighteen to twenty-four feet under water, all the convoy riding in safety then and since not withstanding the wind had risen to a perfect tempest. Most fortunately not a life was lost, save Quarter master Richard King, who dropped overboard in the act of sounding. The inhabitants of the island exerted themselves to the utmost of their ability in cutters anTNC


 

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