Edgar -> 1814 Retribution

372
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered16.7.1774BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down26.8.1776BWAS-1714
Launched30.6.1779BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
Ship ClassEdgar Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorGeorge WhiteBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up2.1835BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 0"Imperial Feet51.2064 
Length of Keel138' 0"Imperial Feet42.0624 
Breadth46' 10"Imperial Feet14.0208 
Depth in Hold19' 9"Imperial Feet5.8166 
Draught Forward12' 4"Imperial Feet3.7084 
Draught Aft17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143 
Burthen1,609 9394Tons BM 

Armament


30.6.1779Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
30.6.1779600Design ComplementBWAS-1714

18 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
22.5.1779 - 19.2.1780CaptainJohn Elliot (1732-1808) ADM 6/21/558BWAS-17149.2.1780 - 17.5.1780CaptainErasmus Gower (1742-1814) ADM 6/22/143
Issued by Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 19.6.1780
ADM 6/22
17.5.1780 - 19.7.1781CaptainJohn Elliot (1732-1808) ADM 6/22/130BWAS-171419.7.1781 - 2.3.1782CaptainThomas Boston (c.1735-1808) ADM 6/22/315BWAS-17142.3.1782 - 6.5.1782CaptainJohn Moutray (d.1785) ADM 6/22/417BWAS-17141.5.1782 - 31.3.1783CaptainWilliam Cayley (1742-1801) ADM 6/22/461BWAS-17142.4.1783 - 9.8.1786CaptainAdam Duncan (1731-1804) ADM 6/23/44BWAS-171423.1.1787 - 14.6.1790CaptainCharles Thompson (1740-1799): on board from 29.1.1787 ADM 6/23/375BWAS-171426.8.1791 - 16.3.1792CaptainAnthony James Pye Molloy (d.1815) ADM 6/24/130BWAS-171416.3.1792 - 20.1.1794CaptainAlbemarle Bertie (1755-1824) ADM 6/24/157BWAS-171430.7.1794 - 8.1796CaptainSir Charles Henry Knowles (2nd Baronet) (1754-1831) ADM 6/25/69BWAS-17148.1796 - 11.1799CaptainJohn McDougallBWAS-171411.1799 - 1.3.1801CaptainEdward Buller (1764-1824)BWAS-171426.2.1801 - 12.9.1802CaptainGeorge MurrayBWAS-17147.1805 - 2.1806CaptainJohn Clarke SearleBWAS-17142.1806 - 5.1807CaptainRobert JacksonBWAS-17145.1807 - 1809CaptainJames MacnamaraBWAS-17143.1810 - 8.12.1810CaptainStephen Poyntz (d.1847)BWAS-1714

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.5.1782 - 31.3.1783CommodoreWilliam Hotham (1736-1813)BWAS-171424.9.1787 - 9.1787Rear-Admiral of the BlueThe Hon. John Leveson Gower (1740-1792)BWAS-17141789Rear-Admiral of the WhiteJoseph Peyton (1725-1804)BWAS-17141807Admiral of the WhiteLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith) (1745/46-1823)BWAS-1714

5 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.5.1779 - 27.11.1781Fifth LieutenantJames Kellie ADM 6/21/560ADM 6/212.4.1783 - 1783Second LieutenantTerence McDonald ADM 6/23/44ADM 6/2315.4.1783 - 1783First LieutenantJames Bissett ADM 6/23/50ADM 6/233.8.1805 - 3.6.1807LieutenantColin MacDonaldNBD18491806 - 3.1810LieutenantJohn CampbellNBD1849

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
6.1.1793 - 25.2.1794MasterBartholomew JacksonADM29-114.8.1794 - 1.3.1796MasterRobert LilburneADM29-1

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1782MidshipmanHugh Downman (1765-1858)WWNH3.6.1788 - 12.10.1788MidshipmanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH3.1801 - 8.1801MidshipmanCharles BowenBWAS-17146.1801 - 1802Master's MateFlowers Beckett (1779-?)NBD18491808 - 3.1810MidshipmanJoseph O'BrienNBD1849

4 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
28.5.1778 - 11.1778Captain's ServantJohn Surman Carden (1771-1858)ref:6163.8.1785 - 20.9.1785Able SeamanWilliam Gordon Rutherford (1765-1818)NAO8.1804 - 8.18051st Class VolunteerEdwin Ludlow RichNBD184925.6.1807 - 18081st Class VolunteerJoseph O'BrienNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
6.9.1779Completed at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £42362.0.11dBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
19.1.1780The relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
13.3.1781Sailed for the relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived at GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.12.1781Action of 1781-12-12
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
1782Relief of Gibraltar in the AutumnBWAS-1714
2.1782refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8017.1.9dBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
31.3.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
4.1783Recommissioned as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1783fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6028.4.9dBWAS-1714
9.8.1786

Paid off

BWAS-1714
9.1786Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
1.1787Recommissioned as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
6.1787Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £14243.4.7dBWAS-1714
5.1788refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £2601.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.1790Recommissioned for the Spanish ArmamentBWAS-1714
5.1790refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
12.1792refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £5980.0.0dBWAS-1714
1793Took the Privateer Dumouriez
4.1795refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £10791.0.0dBWAS-1714
9.1796refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £11356.0.0dBWAS-1714
2.4.1801Battle of Copenhagen
12.9.1802

Paid off

BWAS-1714
3.1805Began refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
7.1805RecommissionedBWAS-1714
8.1805Completed refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £19605.0.0dBWAS-1714
1808To the BalticBWAS-1714
1.1808Began making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
3.1808Completed making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £11439.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.8.1808Took the Unrated Sloop Fama (18)
11.8.1808Took the Unrated Cutter Søormen (10) by boats off Nyborg
4.1809Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
6.1809Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8667.0.0dBWAS-1714
8.12.1810Paid offADM 51
1812In ordinary at ChathamBWAS-1714
10.1813Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
12.1813Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
12.1813Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £9179.0.0dBWAS-1714
1814Convict hulk at Sheerness until 1833BWAS-1714
19.8.1814Converted to a convict hulk at SheernessBWAS-1714
19.8.1814Refitted as a Unrated Hulk
19.8.1814Renamed RetributionBWAS-1714
2.1835Broken up at DeptfordBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
WWNHWho's who in naval historyAlastair Wilson, Joseph F. CalloBook
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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