Fortitude

373
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered2.2.1778BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down4.3.1778BWAS-1714
Launched22.3.1780BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardRotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
Ship ClassAlbion Class - Modified
ConstructorJohn Randall (1755-1802)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up3.1820BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 6 ⅜"Imperial Feet42.0719 
Breadth47' 3"Imperial Feet14.3365 
Depth in Hold18' 9 ½"Imperial Feet5.4991 
Burthen1,645 1094Tons BM 

Armament


1780Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Lower Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1777600Design Complement

9 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.3.1780 - 9.11.1781CaptainSir Richard Bickerton (1st Baronet Bickerton of Upwood) (1727-1792) ADM 6/22/97ODNB25.8.1781 - 4.1.1782CaptainThe Hon. Charles Phipps (1753-1786) ADM 6/22/330ADM 6/2218.1.1782 - 4.12.1782CaptainGeorge Keppel ADM 6/22/401BWAS-17144.12.1782 - 9.4.1783CaptainThe Hon. Peregrine Bertie (1740/41-1790) ADM 6/22/550BWAS-17146.10.1787 - 11.12.1787CaptainAnthony James Pye Molloy (d.1815) ADM 6/23/425BWAS-171431.1.1793 - 1.6.1795CaptainWilliam Young (1751-1821) ADM 6/24/199BWAS-17931795 - 11.1795CaptainThomas TaylorBWAS-179311.1795 - 16.11.1795Acting CaptainThomas BoysBWAS-17146.1798 - 1798LieutenantJohn GourleyBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1781 - 5.1782Vice-Admiral of the BlueHyde Parker (1713/14-1783)BWAS-17146.1782 - 9.4.1783Vice-Admiral of the BlueMark Milbanke (1724-1805)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1781 - 5.8.1781LieutenantJames Saumarez (1757-1836)ODNB

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
4.1782 - 9.1782MidshipmanMichael Fitton (1765-1852)NBD18491795MidshipmanGeorge GlanvillADM 171/81795QuartermasterJohn WhiteADM 171/8

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
7.1800 - 8.18011st Class VolunteerHenry KentNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
3.4.1780Completed at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £44405.10.4dBWAS-1714
13.3.1781Sailed for the Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived off GibraltarBWAS-1714
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
1.1782Began refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
2.1782Completed refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8027.1.9dBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
4.1783refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
9.4.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
3.1784Began small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1784Completed small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £10261.10.7dBWAS-1714
10.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.12.1787

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1790Began small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
5.1791Completed small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8523.2.10dBWAS-1714
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
8.1.1793Attack on Mortella TownBWAS-1714
11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
10.1795Refitted as a Prison Ship
7.10.1795Action of 1795-10-07
16.11.1795

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1802Refitted as a Powder Hulk

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
 

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