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Fortitude

373
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered2.2.1778BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down4.3.1778BWAS-1714
Launched22.3.1780BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardRotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
Ship ClassAlbion Class - ModifiedBWAS-1714
Constructor
John RandallBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1755-1802
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up3.1820BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck168' 6"Imperial Feet51.2086 
Length of Keel138' 6 ⅜"Imperial Feet42.0719 
Breadth47' 3"Imperial Feet14.3365 
Depth in Hold18' 9 ½"Imperial Feet5.4991 
Burthen1,645 1094Tons BM 

Armament


1780Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Lower Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1777600Design Complement

9 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
13.3.1780 - 9.11.1781Captain Transfered ADM 6/22/97ODNB25.8.1781 - 4.1.1782Captain
The Hon. Charles PhippsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1783
Transfered ADM 6/22/330
ADM 6/22
18.1.1782 - 4.12.1782Captain
George KeppelBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1804
Transfered ADM 6/22/401
BWAS-1714
4.12.1782 - 9.4.1783Captain
The Hon. Peregrine BertieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1789
ADM 6/22/550
BWAS-1714
6.10.1787 - 11.12.1787Captain
Anthony James Pye MolloyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1794
ADM 6/23/425
BWAS-1714
31.1.1793 - 1.6.1795Captain
William YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1769-1812
ADM 6/24/199
BWAS-1793
1795 - 11.1795Captain
Thomas TaylorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1810
BWAS-1793
11.1795 - 16.11.1795Acting Captain
Thomas BoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1784-1814
BWAS-1714
6.1798 - 1798Lieutenant
John GourleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1817
BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1781 - 5.1782Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Hyde ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1736-1782
Transfered
BWAS-1714
6.1782 - 9.4.1783Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Mark MilbankeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1802
BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1781 - 5.8.1781Lieutenant
James SaumarezBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1767-1830
ODNB

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
4.1782 - 9.1782Midshipman
Michael FittonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1815
NBD1849
1795Quartermaster
John WhiteBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1847
ADM 171/8
1795Midshipman
George GlanvillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1799
ADM 171/8

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
7.1800 - 8.18011st Class Volunteer
Henry KentBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1822
NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
3.4.1780Completed at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £44405.10.4dBWAS-1714
13.3.1781Sailed for the Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived off GibraltarBWAS-1714
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
1.1782Began refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
2.1782Completed refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8027.1.9dBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
4.1783refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
9.4.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
3.1784Began small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1784Completed small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £10261.10.7dBWAS-1714
10.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.12.1787

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1790Began small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
5.1791Completed small repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £8523.2.10dBWAS-1714
1.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
8.1.1793Attack on Mortella TownBWAS-1714
11.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
14.3.1795Action off Genoa
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
10.1795Rerated as a Prison Ship
7.10.1795Action of 1795-10-07
16.11.1795

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1802Rerated as a Powder Hulk


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782
Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe)British
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1736-1799
 
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Wednesday 18th of March 2020 22:14

I believe the commander of the Princess Augusta in 1781, was Richard Hussey Bickerton, Richard Bickerton's son. But am willing to be persuaded otherwise, as I only have a letter in ADM 106 to go on?
You are probably correct on the captain though.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 18th of March 2020 19:03

I have, Acting Captain George Robertson commanded the flagship Fortitude 74 at the Battle of the Doggersbank in 1781 and made post 15 Aug 1781, Sir Richard Bickerton having taken command of the Royal yacht Princess Augusta in June 1781?

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