Nominal Guns68BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslySpanish Third Rate ship of the line 'Monarca' (1756) (68)
First Commissioned20.4.1780BWAS-1714
ShipyardReal Astillero de Esteiro - Ferrol 3DECKS
Ship ClassTriunfante Class3DECKS
Designed by Richard Rooth (d.1761)3DECKS
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck174' 10 ¼"Imperial Feet53.0416 
Length of Keel145' 8 ½"Imperial Feet44.2087 
Breadth49' 11 ½"Imperial Feet14.9479 
Depth in Hold20' 8"Imperial Feet6.2992 
Burthen1,934 4694Tons BM 


4.1780Broadside Weight = 651 Imperial Pound ( 295.2285 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck/Forecastle10 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
4.1780560 BWAS-1714

3 Ship Commanders

15.2.1780 - 19.4.1780Captain William Fox (c.1734-1810) ADM 6/22/123
Issued by Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Confirmed 3.5.1780
ADM 6/22
19.4.1780 - 2.5.1780Captain Charles Saxton (c.1732-c.1808) Transfered ADM 6/22/115ADM 6/223.5.1780 - 9.6.1784Captain John Gell (d.1806) ADM 6/22/123BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers

1.2.1783 - 21.6.1783Fifth LieutenantThe Hon. Henry Curzon (1765-1846) ADM 6/23/221
Issued by Edward Hughes (1720-1794), East Indies - Asia
Confirmed 11.6.1784
ADM 6/23
21.6.1783 - 26.6.1784Acting Fourth LieutenantThe Hon. Henry Curzon (1765-1846) Transfered ADM 6/23/221
Issued by Edward Hughes (1720-1794), East Indies - Asia
Confirmed 11.6.1784
ADM 6/23

Service History

20.4.1780Registered and namedBWAS-1714
7.5.1780Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
19.9.1780Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15388.18.0dBWAS-1714
29.11.1780Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived in the East IndiesBWAS-1714
18.4.1781Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
17.2.1782Battle of Sadras
12.4.1782Battle of Providien
6.7.17822nd Battle of Negapatam
3.9.1782Battle of Trincomalee
20.6.17832nd Battle of Cuddalore
6.1784Sailed for home and paid offBWAS-1714
9.6.1784Paid offADM 51
7.1791Surveyed at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
13.10.1791Sold at Portsmouth for £1,061BWAS-1714


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 3rd of April 2014 20:52

The Edinburgh Advertiser
March 16, 1784
Extract of a letter from an officer on board his Majesty's ship Monarca, Capt. Gell, dated Cape of Good Hope, Dec. 21, 1783

We arrived here about ten days ago in a condition melancholy beyond discription. Our crew were so far exhausted, that, on our arrival, we could not muster 100 men in good health to navigate a ship of 70 guns, and larger than any British built ship of 84. When we left th coast of Coromandel, every ship of the fleet was so reduced by frequent actions, that our complement of men, which should have been 740 were scarcely 500, and none could be spared from the others, who were in a like situation. On the first of this month (December) we met with a violent gale of wind to the south of Madagascar, which continued three days and almost destrotyed our crazy fleet. The Exeter of 64 guns, lost all her masts and bowsprit; our ship preserved her masts, but almost all her sails were blown from the shrouds; the other ships of the fleet suffered very considerably. After the weather cleared up, and the storm abated, Providence favoured us with a leading wind to the Cape; had it proved otherwise, I doubt our sickly fleet must have all perished. On board the Monarca we had already lost 65 men by the scurvy, and the doctor had about 200 more upon his list absolutely incapable of doing any duty, and many of them in the last stage of that dreadful disorder. You must suppose we could spare but few of our people to attend the sick, and to heighten our calamity, two of the doctor's mates were among them.

Our ship made a great deal of water, and it was not without the greatest exertion we could keep her afloat; the men dying daily at the pump, and those who still survived (both officers and crew) were so exhausted with fatigue and constant watch and duty, that they were scarcely able to keep the deck. The captain and ward-room officers, gave up all their fresh provisions, wine's etc. to our sick people, and the doctor had long before exhausted all the anti-?corbuties he had, or at any rate purchase before we left India. On our arrival here, we immediately sent 250 men on shore to sick quarters. Other ship have, I find, been nearly in the same situation, and have landed great parts of their crew, who recover very fast by the use of vegtable diet which we have here in the greatest perfection. We do not expect to leave the Cape before April, and by that time the second division of the fleet will call here for refreshments. There are now upwards 1000 sick on shore form the different ships but the Dutch and French give us every assistance in their power. We have buried 70 men in all since our arrival.

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