Anson

385
Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered24.4.1773BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1.1774BWAS-1793
Named19.7.1773BWAS-1714
Launched4.9.1781BWAS-1714
First Commissioned3.1781BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Ship ClassIntrepid ClassBWAS-1714
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1793
ConstructorSir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked29.12.1807BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck159' 6"Imperial Feet48.4658 
Length of Keel130' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet39.6272 
Breadth44' 5 ¼"Imperial Feet13.4176 
Depth in Hold19' 0"Imperial Feet5.7912 
Burthen1,375 2094Tons BM 

Armament


4.9.1781Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

12.1794Broadside Weight = 480 Imperial Pound ( 217.68 kg)BWAS-1793
Upper Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1777500Design Complement
12.1794330as a frigateBWAS-1714

6 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
23.8.1781 - 12.4.1782CaptainWilliam Blair (1741-1782)† ADM 6/22/329BWAS-171414.4.1782 - 10.5.1782CaptainRichard Lucas ADM 6/23/45
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 4.4.1783
ADM 6/23
10.5.1782 - 7.1782CaptainJohn Rodney (1765-1847) ADM 6/23/156
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 27.10.1783
BWAS-1714
10.1794 - 1800CaptainPhilip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham (1763-1845)BWAS-17141.1801 - 1805CaptainWilliam Edward Cracraft (d.1810)BWAS-171412.1805 - 29.12.1807CaptainCharles Lydiard (d.1807)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
8.11.1795LieutenantJohn Whiston (d.1812)ref:846

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1797MidshipmanCharles Bertram (1777-?)NBD18491800 - 8.1802MidshipmanJames CrookeNBD1849

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795 - 1797Able SeamanCharles Bertram (1777-?)NBD184918.8.1799 - 18001st Class VolunteerColin Campbell (1787-?)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
15.10.1781Completed at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £44473.11.0dBWAS-1714
15.1.1782Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
7.1782Sailed for home and paid offBWAS-1714
10.1782Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1782Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £5486.13.7dBWAS-1714
2.1794small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
7.1794Began cut down at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
10.1794Refitted as a 38 gun Fifth Rate Frigate
12.1794Completed cut down at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £8426.0.0dBWAS-1714
6.1795In Quiberon Bay operations until October 1795BWAS-1714
20.3.1796Attack on French convoy off Pointe du RazBWAS-1714
20.3.1796Action off Pointe du Raz
5.1797making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £6404.0.0dBWAS-1714
16.7.1797Destruction of Calliope (28) on the PenmarksBWAS-1714
16.7.1797Destruction of the Calliope
19.10.1797Took the Brig Le Zéphyr (8) BG
17.11.1797Took the Sloop Le Railleur (20) in the Channel
28.12.1797Took the Ship La Daphne (20) in the Bay of Biscay
8.2.1798Took the Privateer Le Jason (12) in the Channel
31.8.1798Took the Privateer Le Mercure (18) BG
6.9.1798Took the Frigate La Flore (36) BG
12.10.1798Battle of Tory Island
12.10.1798Took the Frigate La Bellone (32) at the Battle of Tory Island
16.10.1798Capture of the Loire
18.10.1798Took the Frigate Loire (44)
26.1.1799

Sailed from Plymouth to cruise off Bordeaux

TNC
2.2.1799Took the Cutter Le Boulonnois (14) in the North Sea
25.2.1799

Sailed from Plymouth for Spithead

TNC
7.4.1799

Sailed from Portsmouth

TNC
7.1799Began making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
8.1799Completed making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £8679.0.0dBWAS-1714
29.4.1800Took the Sloop Hardi (18) in the Channel
29.6.1800Took the Privateer Severno (10) off Gibraltar
29.6.1800Took the Unrated Gibraltar (10) off Gibraltar
29.6.1800Took the Gunboat Salvador (10) off Gibraltar
12.1800Began refitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
1801Convoy dutiesBWAS-1714
1.1801Completed refitting at a cost of £8590.0.0dBWAS-1714
1802To the Mediterranean until 1805BWAS-1714
15.10.1803Took the Privateer La Marguerite (4)
9.1805Began fitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
12.1805RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1806Completed fittingBWAS-1714
4.4.1806Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
23.8.1806Took the Frigate Pomona (34) off Havana
1.1.1807At capture of CuracoaBWAS-1714
29.12.1807Wrecked in Mounts Bay with 60 drownedBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
ref:846Parish Register Document
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
TNCThe Naval ChronicalVariousPeriodical
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Saturday 21st of October 2017 09:20

Circa Aug 1801 Mr. Prior, Purser of the Solebay, transferred to the Anson.

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