Anson

385
Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1773/04/24BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1774/01BWAS-1793
Named1773/07/19BWAS-1714
Launched1781/09/04BWAS-1714
First Commissioned1781/03
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassIntrepid Class
Designed byJohn WilliamsBWAS-1793
ConstructorSir John HenslowBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked1807/12/29BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck159' 6"Imperial Feet48.4658 
Length of Keel130' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet39.6272 
Breadth44' 5 ¼"Imperial Feet13.4176 
Depth in Hold19' 0"Imperial Feet5.7912 
Burthen1,375 2094Tons BM 

Armament


1781/09/04Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1794/12Broadside Weight = 480 Imperial Pound ( 217.68 kg)BWAS-1793
Upper Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1777500Design Complement
1794/12330as a frigateBWAS-1714

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1781/08/23 - 1782/04/12CaptainWilliam BlairBWAS-17141782/04/13 - 1782/07CaptainJohn RodneyBWAS-17141794/10 - 1800CaptainPhilip Charles Calderwood Henderson DurhamBWAS-17141801/01 - 1805CaptainWilliam Edward CracraftBWAS-17141805/12 - 1807/12/29CaptainCharles LydiardBWAS-1714

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1797MidshipmanCharles BertramNBD18491800 - 1802/08MidshipmanJames CrookeNBD1849

Crewmen


DatesRankNameSource
1795 - 1797Able SeamanCharles BertramNBD18491799/08/18 - 18001st Class VolunteerColin CampbellNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
1781/10/15Completed at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £44473.11.0dBWAS-1714
1782/01/15Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1782/04/12Battle of the Saintes
1782/07Sailed for home and paid offBWAS-1714
1782/10Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1782/11Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £5486.13.7dBWAS-1714
1794/02small repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1794/07Began cut down at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1794/10Refitted as a 38 gun Fifth Rate Frigate
1794/12Completed cut down at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £8426.0.0dBWAS-1714
1795/06In Quiberon Bay operations until October 1795BWAS-1714
1796/03/20Attack on French convoy off Pointe du RazBWAS-1714
1796/03/20Action off Pointe du Raz
1797/05making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard at a cost of £6404.0.0dBWAS-1714
1797/07/16Destruction of Calliope (28) on the PenmarksBWAS-1714
1797/07/16Destruction of the Calliope
1797/10/19Took the Privateer Le Zéphyr (8)
1797/11/17Took the Privateer Sloop Le Railleur (20) in the Channel
1797/12/28Took the Sixth Rate Ship La Daphne (20) in the Bay of Biscay
1798/02/08Took the Privateer Le Jason (12) in the Channel
1798/08/31Took the Privateer Le Mercure (18) BG
1798/09/06Took the Fifth Rate Frigate La Flore (36) BG
1798/10/12Battle of Tory Island
1798/10/12Took the Fifth Rate Frigate La Bellone (32) at the Battle of Tory Island
1798/10/16Capture of the Loire
1798/10/18Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Loire (44)
1799/01/26

Sailed from Plymouth to cruise off Bordeaux

TNC
1799/02/02Took the Privateer Cutter Le Boulonnois (14) in the North Sea
1799/02/25

Sailed from Plymouth for Spithead

TNC
1799/04/07

Sailed from Portsmouth

TNC
1799/07Began making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1799/08Completed making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £8679.0.0dBWAS-1714
1800/04/29Took the Privateer Ship-Sloop Hardi (18) in the Channel
1800/06/29Took the Privateer El Severno (10) off Gibraltar
1800/06/29Took the Unrated Le Gibraltar (10) off Gibraltar
1800/06/29Took the Unrated Le Salvador (10) off Gibraltar
1800/12Began refitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
1801Convoy dutiesBWAS-1714
1801/01Completed refitting at a cost of £8590.0.0dBWAS-1714
1802To the Mediterranean until 1805BWAS-1714
1803/10/15Took the Privateer La Marguerite (4)
1805/09Began fitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
1805/12RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1806/01Completed fittingBWAS-1714
1806/04/04Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1806/08/23Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Pomona (34) off Havana
1807/01/01At capture of CuracoaBWAS-1714
1807/12/29Wrecked in Mounts Bay with 60 drownedBWAS-1714
// 


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1793 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
BG The London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
TNC The Naval ChronicalVariousBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Saturday 21st of October 2017 09:20

Circa Aug 1801 Mr. Prior, Purser of the Solebay, transferred to the Anson.

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