Crown

393
Nominal Guns64BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered14.10.1778BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down9.1779BWAS-1714
Launched15.3.1782BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardBlackwall Yard - Blackwall BWAS-1714
Ship ClassCrown Class
Designed byEdward Hunt (d.bef.1740)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn Perry (1743-1810)BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up3.1816BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck160' 5"Imperial Feet48.7701 
Length of Keel131' 5"Imperial Feet39.9329 
Breadth44' 10"Imperial Feet13.4112 
Depth in Hold19' 5 ½"Imperial Feet5.8039 
Draught Forward11' 6"Imperial Feet3.5052 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen1,405 894Tons BM 

Armament


15.3.1782Broadside Weight = 600 Imperial Pound ( 272.1 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1794Broadside Weight = 678 Imperial Pound ( 307.473 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1779500Design Complement

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.3.1782 - 12.4.1783CaptainSamuel Reeve (c.1732-1803) ADM 6/22/422BWAS-171412.4.1783 - 21.4.1786CaptainSamuel Reeve (c.1732-1803) ADM 6/23/48ADM 6/2313.9.1786 - 4.10.1786CaptainSkeffington Lutwidge (1737-1814) ADM 6/23/354ADM 6/234.10.1786 - 6.10.1788CaptainCharles Morice Pole (1757-1830) ADM 6/23/358BWAS-17147.10.1788 - 5.3.1790CaptainJames Cornwallis (d.1798): on board from 12.10.1788 ADM 6/23/480BWAS-17145.3.1790 - 31.5.1791CaptainMaurice Delgarno (d.1790) ADM 6/24/148
Commission confirmed 1.12.1791
BWAS-1714
31.5.1791 - 5.6.1792CaptainLawrence William Halstead ADM 6/24/153BWAS-17149.11.1791 - 6.2.1793CaptainRobert Manners Sutton (d.1794) ADM 6/24/168
Commission confirmed 18.6.1792
ADM 6/24
6.1798 - 9.1801LieutenantJohn BakerBWAS-17149.1801 - 1802LieutenantBenjamin LeighBWAS-17146.1806 - 12.1806LieutenantJohn Smith (d.1806)BWAS-17141807 - 1811LieutenantJames RoseBWAS-17141812 - 1814LieutenantWilliam Wickham (d.1816)BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
10.11.1788 - 11.1790CommodoreThe Hon. William Cornwallis (1744-1819)BWAS-1714

8 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
12.4.1783 - 4.10.1783First LieutenantSamuel Edwards ADM 6/23/48ADM 6/2312.4.1783 - 15.4.1783Second LieutenantWilliam Bedford ADM 6/23/48ADM 6/2315.4.1783 - 2.5.1783Second LieutenantJohn Bluett (d.1793) ADM 6/23/50ADM 6/2315.4.1783 - 14.5.1783Third LieutenantWilliam Bedford ADM 6/23/50ADM 6/2314.5.1783 - 1783Second LieutenantWilliam Bedford ADM 6/23/67ADM 6/234.10.1783 - 1783First LieutenantJohn Lawford (1756-1842) ADM 6/23/148ADM 6/231788 - 27.10.1780LieutenantCharles Cunningham (d.1834)ref:6161792 - 5.1792LieutenantHugh Downman (1765-1858)WWNH

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
12.11.1788 - 1793MidshipmanEdward Pelham Brenton (1774-1839)ref:6161789 - 25.10.1790MidshipmanCharles Wollaston (1777-1845)NBD18491.1789 - 10.1790MidshipmanChristopher Cole (1770-1836)ref:6161.1.1789 - 5.6.1792MidshipmanJohn Pilfold (1769-1834)NAO18.1.1789 - 8.11.1791MidshipmanRichard King (1774-1834)NAO1.10.1790 - 8.11.1791MidshipmanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH1791 - 1792MidshipmanRichard Byron (1769-1837)ref:6161792 - 1.10.1792MidshipmanRichard Byron (1769-1837)ref:616

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
12.10.1788 - 1.10.1790Able SeamanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH15.10.1788 - 31.12.1788Able SeamanJohn Pilfold (1769-1834)NAO5.1790 - 17921st Class VolunteerCharles Philip Butler Bateman (1776-?)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
15.3.1782Completed at a cost of £25361.19.2dBWAS-1714
17.3.1782Began coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
18.5.1782Completed coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £12509.19.4dBWAS-1714
7.1782In the Bay of BiscayBWAS-1714
22.7.1782Took the Unrated Cutter Le Pigmy (10)
11.9.1782Sailed to cruise of LisbonBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
4.1784Paid off and then recommissioned as a guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
4.1784refitting at Unknown at a cost of £2808.0.0dBWAS-1714
21.4.1786

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1786Began coppering at Plymouth - Devon BWAS-1714
9.1786Recommissioned as a guard shipBWAS-1714
6.1787Completed coppering at Plymouth - Devon at a cost of £3469.0.0dBWAS-1714
10.1788Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
6.10.1788

Paid off

BWAS-1714
11.1788Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £2742.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.2.1789Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
5.6.1792

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1798fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £4030.0.0dBWAS-1714
6.1798Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
4.1802Refitted as a Unrated Powder Hulk
6.1806Refitted as a Unrated Prison Ship
1815In ordinaryBWAS-1714
3.1816Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
WWNHWho's who in naval historyAlastair Wilson, Joseph F. CalloBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
 

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