Centurion

422
Nominal Guns34B022
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
Ordered12.1649BWAS-1603
Named16.8.1650BWAS-1603
Launched1650B022
How acquiredPurpose builtB022
ShipyardRatcliffe - London B022
Constructor Peter Pett (1610-1672)B022
CategoryFourth RateB022
Ship TypeShip of the Line B022
Sailing RigShip RiggedB022
Wrecked25.12.1689B022

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth31' 0"Imperial Feet9.4488 
Depth in Hold12' 6"Imperial Feet3.7338 
Burthen531Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB022
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth31' 0"Imperial Feet9.4488 
Depth in Hold15' 6"Imperial Feet4.6025 
Burthen531 5894Imperial Feet0.0157 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 304.5 Imperial Pound ( 138.0909 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1666Broadside Weight = 295.5 Imperial Pound ( 134.0094 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck20 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 294.5 Imperial Pound ( 133.5559 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 274.5 Imperial Pound ( 124.4859 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1685Broadside Weight = 302.5 Imperial Pound ( 137.1839 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1650150 BWAS-1603
2.1653200EstablishmentB022
1666180EstablishmentB022
1670170EstablishmentB022
1.7.1673220ADM 8/1/1ADM8-DB
1688230 BWAS-1603

24 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
25.11.1650 - 1650Captain William Penn (1621-1670)BWAS-16031651 - 1652Captain John Lawson (1610-1665)BWAS-16031652 - 7.1653Captain Walter Wood (d.1666)BWAS-16031656 - 1657Captain Anthony SpathurstBWAS-16031659 - 1660Captain Francis ParkBWAS-16031660Captain John Coppin (d.1666)B0511660 - 21.3.1660/61Captain Francis ParkW01422.3.1660/61 - 2.9.1663Captain Christopher Myngs (1625-1666)BWAS-160317.8.1664 - 12.6.1665Captain Robert MoultonB0511665Captain Edmund Seaman (d.1666)B05113.6.1665 - 24.8.1665Captain Daniel Helling (d.1672)BWAS-160325.8.1665 - 21.2.1665/66Captain Mark HarrisonBWAS-160322.2.1665/66 - 6.7.1666Captain John Hubbard (d.1671)B0517.7.1666 - 19.3.1666/67Captain Charles Wylde (d.1683/84)B0511668Captain William Coleman (d.1681)BWAS-160313.6.1669 - 11.1.1671/72Captain Peter Bowen (d.1673)B0511.2.1672/73 - 3.10.1674Captain Charles Wylde (d.1683/84)B05123.11.1677 - 24.12.1677CaptainSir Roger Strickland (1640-1717)BWAS-16038.1.1677/78 - 21.10.1681Captain Richard Carter (d.1692)BWAS-160312.6.1682 - 17.8.1685Captain Ralph Wrenn (d.1692)BWAS-16038.1688 - 9.1688Captain Thomas Ashton (d.1689)BWAS-16039.1688 - 10.1688Captain Francis Wheeler (d.1692/93)BWAS-160310.1688 - 1689Captain Edward ElliottBWAS-160321.4.1689 - 25.12.1689Captain Basil Beaumont (1669-1703)BWAS-1603

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1662Lieutenant Henry MillettW0141664Lieutenant Richard James (d.1679/80)W0141665Lieutenant John Holmes (d.1679)W0141665Lieutenant Anthony BurroughsB0511669Lieutenant William HoldenB05123.11.1677 - 10.12.1677First Lieutenant Thomas Hopson (1643-1717)ODNB

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
2.6.1689 - 25.12.1689Able Seaman John Scott (c.1648-?) ADM 107/1/35ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
12.1650The Squadron sailed for the Azures in search of Prince RupertTRN2
29.3.1651The squadron passed the straits into the MediterraneanTRN2
25.7.1651Arrived in MaltaTRN2
9.1651The squadron was in the StraitsTRN2
10.1651Near GibraltarTRN2
18.3.1651/52Arrived in FalmouthTRN2
19.5.1652Battle of Dover
1653Refitted as a 50 gunner
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
1655In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
20.4.1657Battle of Santa Cruz
1659Operations in the SoundBWAS-1603
5.1660One of the Squadron that returned king Charles II to EnglandTRN2
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 48 gunner
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
1673In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
31.8.1673

Pay record starting 4.2.1672/73 for a period of 7 months, 1 weeks & 6 days for a value of £2,299.0.0d. ADM 8/1/6

ADM8-DB
28.9.1673

Gone to Constantinople

ADM8-DB
1681Refitted as a 52 gunner
1682Sailed with a Newfoundland convoyBWAS-1603
1685Refitted as a 50 gunner
6.3.1687/88

At Cádiz : "we put our Ship all in Mourning for ye death of our Soveraign ye King and fired 120 Guns each Marcht being all in Mourning and fired guns likewise we fired in all 1140 Guns we began at 12 at noone and fired till II at Night."

ref:628
7.3.1687/88

At Cádiz :'we put out our Mourning Coulers againe & keept them out till 11 in ye forenoone yn we took them in & put abroad our Other Coulers and fired 123 Guns all ye Merchants Ships fireing all the Guns they had Three times over to ye Proclaiming his Royal Highness James Duke of York King of England.'

ref:628
25.12.1689Wrecked in a storm in Plymouth SoundBWAS-1603


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
29.9.1654-8.1657Fleet for the Mediterranean Robert Blake (1598-1657) 
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659 Edward Montagu (d.1672) 
 

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