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Centurion

422
Nominal Guns34B022
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
Ordered12.1649BWAS-1603
Named16.8.1650BWAS-1603
Launched1650B022
How acquiredPurpose builtB022
ShipyardRatcliffe - London B022
Constructor
Peter PettBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1610-1672
B022
CategoryFourth RateB022
Ship TypeShip of the Line B022
Sailing RigShip RiggedB022
Wrecked25.12.1689B022

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth31' 0"Imperial Feet9.4488 
Depth in Hold12' 6"Imperial Feet3.7338 
Burthen531Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB022
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth31' 0"Imperial Feet9.4488 
Depth in Hold15' 6"Imperial Feet4.6025 
Burthen531 5894Imperial Feet0.0157 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 304.5 Imperial Pound ( 138.0909 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1666Broadside Weight = 295.5 Imperial Pound ( 134.0094 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck20 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 294.5 Imperial Pound ( 133.5559 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 274.5 Imperial Pound ( 124.4859 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1685Broadside Weight = 302.5 Imperial Pound ( 137.1839 kg)B022
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1650150 BWAS-1603
2.1653200EstablishmentB022
1666180EstablishmentB022
1670170EstablishmentB022
1.7.1673220ADM 8/1/1ADM8-DB
1688230 BWAS-1603

24 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
25.11.1650 - 1650Captain
William PennBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1644-1670
BWAS-1603
1651 - 1652Captain
John LawsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1665
BWAS-1603
1652 - 7.1653Captain
Walter WoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1666
BWAS-1603
1656 - 1657Captain
Anthony SpathurstBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1652-1657
BWAS-1603
1659 - 1660Captain
Francis ParkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1655-1661
BWAS-1603
1660Captain
John CoppinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1644-1666
B051
1660 - 21.3.1660/61Captain
Francis ParkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1655-1661
W014
22.3.1660/61 - 2.9.1663Captain
Christopher MyngsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1655
BWAS-1603
17.8.1664 - 12.6.1665Captain
Robert MoultonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1667
B051
1665Captain
Edmund SeamanBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1638-1650
B051
13.6.1665 - 24.8.1665Captain
Daniel HellingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1672
BWAS-1603
25.8.1665 - 21.2.1665/66Captain
Mark HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1654-1673
BWAS-1603
22.2.1665/66 - 6.7.1666Captain
John HubbardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1654-1671
B051
7.7.1666 - 19.3.1666/67Captain
Charles WyldeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1659-1678
B051
1668Captain
William ColemanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1671
BWAS-1603
13.6.1669 - 11.1.1671/72Captain
Peter BowenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1673
B051
1.2.1672/73 - 3.10.1674Captain
Charles WyldeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1659-1678
B051
23.11.1677 - 24.12.1677Captain
Sir Roger StricklandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1661-1688
BWAS-1603
8.1.1677/78 - 21.10.1681Captain
Richard CarterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1691
BWAS-1603
12.6.1682 - 17.8.1685Captain
Ralph WrennBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1688
BWAS-1603
c.30.8.1688 - 9.1688Captain
Thomas AshtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1688
BWAS-1603
9.1688 - 10.1688Captain
Francis WheelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1683-1688
BWAS-1603
10.1688 - 20.4.1689Captain
Edward ElliottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1689
BWAS-1603
21.4.1689 - 25.12.1689Captain
Basil BeaumontBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Transfered
BWAS-1603

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1662Lieutenant
Henry MillettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1660-1669
W014
1664Lieutenant
Richard JamesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1660-1674
W014
1665Lieutenant
John HolmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1679
W014
1665Lieutenant
Anthony BurroughsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1660-1665
B051
1669Lieutenant
William HoldenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1683
B051
23.11.1677 - 10.12.1677First Lieutenant
Thomas HopsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1708
ODNB

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
2.6.1689 - 25.12.1689Able Seaman
John ScottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1663-1704
ADM 107/1/35
ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
12.1650The Squadron sailed for the Azures in search of Prince RupertTRN2
29.3.1651The squadron passed the straits into the MediterraneanTRN2
25.7.1651Arrived in MaltaTRN2
9.1651The squadron was in the StraitsTRN2
10.1651Near GibraltarTRN2
18.3.1651/52Arrived in FalmouthTRN2
19.5.1652Battle of Dover
1653Refitted as a 50 gunner
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
1655In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
20.4.1657Battle of Santa Cruz
1659Operations in the SoundBWAS-1603
5.1660One of the Squadron that returned king Charles II to EnglandTRN2
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 48 gunner
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
1673In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
31.8.1673

Pay record starting 4.2.1672/73 for a period of 7 months, 1 weeks & 6 days for a value of £2,299.0.0d. ADM 8/1/6

ADM8-DB
28.9.1673

Gone to Constantinople

ADM8-DB
1681Refitted as a 52 gunner
1682Sailed with a Newfoundland convoyBWAS-1603
1685Refitted as a 50 gunner
6.3.1687/88

At Cádiz : "we put our Ship all in Mourning for ye death of our Soveraign ye King and fired 120 Guns each Marcht being all in Mourning and fired guns likewise we fired in all 1140 Guns we began at 12 at noone and fired till II at Night."

ref:628
7.3.1687/88

At Cádiz :'we put out our Mourning Coulers againe & keept them out till 11 in ye forenoone yn we took them in & put abroad our Other Coulers and fired 123 Guns all ye Merchants Ships fireing all the Guns they had Three times over to ye Proclaiming his Royal Highness James Duke of York King of England.'

ref:628
25.12.1689Wrecked in a storm in Plymouth SoundBWAS-1603


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
29.9.1654-8.1657Fleet for the Mediterranean
Robert BlakeBritish
Naval Sailor
Soldier
Service 1649-1657
 
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659
Edward MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1656-1672
 
 

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