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Ruby

428
Nominal Guns42BWAS-1603
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
Ordered5.1651BWAS-1603
Launched15.3.1651/52B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Constructor
Peter PettBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1610-1672
BWAS-1603
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1603
Ship TypeShip of the LineB028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Broken Up to Rebuild1708B028
Becomes
British Fourth Rate ship of the line 'Ruby' (1708) (54) 1708-1748
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1744 Renamed "Mermaid"

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck125' 6"Imperial Feet38.1061 
Length of Keel105' 6"Imperial Feet32.0345 
Breadth31' 6"Imperial Feet9.6012 
Depth in Hold15' 9"Imperial Feet4.6177 
Burthen556 7794Tons BM 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 308 Imperial Pound ( 139.6781 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck4 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 304.5 Imperial Pound ( 138.0909 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1685Broadside Weight = 308 Imperial Pound ( 139.6781 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck22 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck4 British Saker

1696Broadside Weight = 217.5 Imperial Pound ( 98.63625 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck19 British Demi-Culverin

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
3.1651/52150 BWAS-1603
1653180 BWAS-1603
1666170 BWAS-1603
1685230 BWAS-1603

27 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1652Captain
John LambertBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1643-1659
BWAS-1603
1652 - 18.2.1652/53Captain
Anthony HouldingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1654
BWAS-1603
3.1652/53 - 7.1653Captain
Robert SandersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1667
BWAS-1603
7.1653 - 1655Captain
Edmond CurtisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1660
BWAS-1603
1656 - 1660Captain
Sir Robert KirbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1665
B051
27.5.1661 - 29.12.1662Captain
Robert RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1748
B051
11.10.1664 - 7.6.1666Captain
William JennensBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1648-1690
B051
8.6.1666 - 30.9.1667Captain
Thomas LammingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1660-1667
B051
21.5.1668 - 22.4.1669Captain
Robert RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1748
B051
24.8.1672 - 26.8.1672Captain
Richard SadlingtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1672
BWAS-1603
27.8.1672 - 8.6.1674Captain
Stephen PyendBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1672
BWAS-1603
26.3.1678 - 1682Captain
Thomas AllenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1690
BWAS-1603
18.11.1682 - 9.1683Captain
Richard MayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1683
BWAS-1603
1.10.1683 - 1683Captain
David MitchellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1702
BWAS-1603
30.6.1688 - 1690Captain
Frederick FroudeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1671-1690
BWAS-1603
1691 - 1693Captain
George MeesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1686-1691
BWAS-1603
1693Captain
Robert DeaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1697
BWAS-1603
1694Captain
Robert FairfaxBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1707
BWAS-1603
1696 - 12.7.1697Captain
Robert HolmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1662-1696
† Discharged Dead
BWAS-1603
28.4.1696 - 1696Captain
Christopher MooreBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1695-1696
ADM 6/3/149
ADM 6/3
15.5.1696 - 1696Captain
Richard AthyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1697
ADM 6/3/157
ADM 6/3
5.7.1697 - 7.1698Captain
William HockadayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1701
ADM 6/4/124
Confirmed 17.11.1697
BWAS-1603
14.2.1700/1 - 9.3.1701/2Captain
Richard KirkbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1702
Transfered ADM 6/6/55
ADM 6/6
9.3.1701/2 - 7.6.1703Captain
Sir George WaltonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1736
Transfered ADM 6/8/47
Confirmed 12.2.1703/4
BWAS-1603
8.6.1703 - 9.2.1703/4Captain
Henry HubbardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1713
Transfered ADM 6/8/38
Confirmed 5.1.1703/4
ADM 6/8
22.8.1703 - 18.9.1704Captain
William FairborneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1701
Transfered ADM 6/8/28
Confirmed 22.11.1703
ADM 6/8
20.9.1704 - 13.12.1704Captain
John AndersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1705
Transfered ADM 6/8/94
ADM 6/8

7 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
28.8.1695 - 2.6.1697Second Lieutenant
Richard DeaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1695-1697
ADM 6/3/155
Issued by
Robert WilmotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1695
, West Indies - North Atlantic Ocean
Confirmed 6.5.1696
ADM 6/3
3.6.1697 - 1697First Lieutenant
Richard DeaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1695-1697
ADM 6/4/126
Confirmed 24.11.1697
ADM 6/4
6.8.1697 - 1697Second Lieutenant
Nathaniel DouseBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1697-1703
ADM 6/4/126
Confirmed 24.11.1697
ADM 6/4
15.2.1700/1 - 1701First Lieutenant
Ralph BarrowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1701
ADM 6/6/56
ADM 6/6
17.2.1700/1 - 3.8.1701Second Lieutenant
Robert StilesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1694-1703
ADM 6/6/55
ADM 6/6
4.8.1701 - 23.10.1703Second Lieutenant
Arthur DelgarnoBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1696-1728
Transfered ADM 6/6/111
ADM 6/6
23.8.1703 - 18.9.1704Second Lieutenant
Charles BourneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1703-1707
Transfered ADM 6/8/25
Confirmed 11.11.1703
ADM 6/8

5 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1695 - 22.1.1694/95Chaplain
Barnaby GenaysBritish
Naval Sailor
Clergyman
Service 1695-1697
Transfered ADM 6/3/31
ADM 6/3
31.3.1696 - 1696Purser
James JanewayBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1696
ADM 6/3/142
ADM 6/3
4.9.1696 - 1696Volunteer
George CollettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1696
ADM 6/4/22
ADM 6/4
1697 - 19.1.1696/97Boatswain
Isaac RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1697
Transfered ADM 6/4/64
ADM 6/4
18.1.1696/97 - 1697Boatswain
William BoyceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1697
ADM 6/4/62
ADM 6/4

4 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.3.1691/92 - 17.8.1692Midshipman
Philip SimpkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1700
Transfered ADM 107/1/69
ADM 107/1
1695 - 19.5.1695Volunteer
Daniel de WittBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1695-1696
Transfered ADM 6/3/57
ADM 6/3
11.5.1695 - 1695Volunteer
Charles BountyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1695
ADM 6/3/56
ADM 6/3
28.12.1696 - 1696Volunteer
Robert HolmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1696
ADM 6/4/57
ADM 6/4

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
10.8.1681 - 19.5.1684Carpenter's Crew
Jasper PoynterBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1674-1713
ADM 107/1/77
ADM 107/1
20.5.1684 - 13.11.1685Able Seaman
Jasper PoynterBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1674-1713
ADM 107/1/77
ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
3.1651/52Completed at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £4175.12.6dBWAS-1603
19.5.1652Battle of Dover
28.9.1652Battle of Kentish Knock
1653At St Helens for the winter of 1653/54BWAS-1603
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
20.4.1657Battle of Santa Cruz
1659Operations in the SoundBWAS-1603
1662part of Sandwich's squadron at Tangier and LisbonBWAS-1603
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Rerated as a 46 gunner
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
1668Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
1677Rerated as a 48 gunner
1678In the ChannelBWAS-1603
15.4.1679Sailed for BilbaoBWAS-1603
5.1679Sailed for homeBWAS-1603
6.1679Sailed for the Straits with a convoyBWAS-1603
8.1679Sailed homeBWAS-1603
3.1679/80Carried the Portugese Ambassador to LisbonBWAS-1603
6.1680Sailed to Tangier with troopsBWAS-1603
1683Sailed to JamaicaBWAS-1603
1684Returned homeBWAS-1603
1687Rebuilt by Henry Johnson at Blackwall - No change to dimensionsB022
1.5.1689Battle of Bantry Bay
4.1692Sailed tiwh a convoy to the North coastBWAS-1603
19.5.1692Battle of Barfleur
1.6.1692Action at Cherbourg
1693In the West IndiesBWAS-1603
7.4.1694Took the Ship
L'Entreprenante (44) 1693-1694
French 44 Gun
Privateer Ship
BWAS-1603
12.5.1694Took the
La Diligente (34) 1691-1694
French 34 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
off the Isles of Scilly
BWAS-1603
1696Sailed to the West IndiesBWAS-1603
1696In the West IndiesBWAS-1603
7.1698Paid offBWAS-1603
8.1701Sailed to the West IndiesBWAS-1603
20.8.1702Benbow vs DuCasse
1706Broken up at Deptford to be rebuiltBWAS-1603


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659
Edward MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1656-1672
 
9.1701-1702British Fleet for the West indies
John BenbowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1702
 
 

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