Foudroyant

4346
Nominal Guns80BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.1.1788BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down5.1789BWAS-1793
Launched31.3.1798BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1793
ConstructorJohn MarshallBWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Sold12.1.1892BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck184' 8 ½"Imperial Feet56.0959 
Length of Keel151' 1 ¼"Imperial Feet46.0312 
Breadth50' 7 ¾"Imperial Feet15.2591 
Depth in Hold22' 6"Imperial Feet6.7818 
Draught Forward14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863 
Draught Aft18' 7"Imperial Feet5.5086 
Burthen2,061 5794Tons BM 

Armament


5.1798Broadside Weight = 1058 Imperial Pound ( 479.803 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pounder

1830Broadside Weight = 1384 Imperial Pound ( 627.644 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck2 British 68-Pounder
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck2 British 68-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade

20 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1798 - 25.5.1798CaptainJames Richard Dacres (1749-1810)BWAS-171425.5.1798 - 30.10.1798CaptainSir Thomas Byard (d.1798)BWAS-171430.10.1798 - 11.1798CommanderWilliam Butterfield (1766-1842)BWAS-171411.1798 - 4.1799CaptainJohn Elphinstone (d.1802)BWAS-17144.1799 - 6.1799CaptainWilliam BrownBWAS-17146.1799 - 10.1799CaptainThomas Masterman Hardy (1769-1839)ODNB13.10.1799 - 1.11.1800CaptainSir Edward Berry (1768-1831)BWAS-171410.2.1801 - 1801CaptainPhilip Beaver (1766-1813)BWAS-171410.2.1801 - 8.1801CaptainPhilip Beaver (1766-1813)BWAS-17143.1801 - 4.1801CaptainWilliam Young (1761-1847)BWAS-17144.1801 - 6.1801CaptainThomas StephensonBWAS-17146.1801 - 9.1801CaptainJohn Clarke SearleBWAS-17149.1801 - 7.1802CaptainJohn Elphinstone (d.1802)BWAS-17146.1803 - 3.1804CaptainPeter SpicerBWAS-17143.1804 - 10.1805CaptainPeter PugetBWAS-171410.1805 - 1.1807CaptainJohn Chambers White (1770-1845)BWAS-17141.1807 - 10.1807CaptainRichard PeacockeBWAS-171410.1807 - 1808CaptainNorborn ThompsonBWAS-17141808 - 1810CaptainSir Charles Marsh Schomberg (d.1835)BWAS-17141810 - 11.1812CaptainRichard Turner HancockBWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1798 - 4.1799Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith) (1745/46-1823)BWAS-17148.6.1799 - 24.6.1800Rear-Admiral of the Red Horatio Nelson (1st Duke of Bronté in the Kingdom of Sicily) (1758-1805)NA-ROA1801 - 1802Admiral of the BlueLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith) (1745/46-1823)BWAS-17146.1803 - 10.1803Rear-Admiral of the WhiteJames Richard Dacres (1749-1810)BWAS-171410.1804 - 1804Rear-Admiral of the WhiteSir Thomas Graves (1747-1814)BWAS-171410.1805 - 1806Rear-Admiral of the Red John Borlase Warren (1st Baronet of Little Marlow) (1753-1822)BWAS-17141808 - 1810Rear-Admiral of the WhiteWilliam Sidney Smith (1764-1840)BWAS-17141810 - 1812Vice-Admiral of the BlueThe Hon. Michael de Courcy (d.1824)BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1799 - 1800LieutenantJohn Aitken Blow (d.1848)NBD184917.10.1799 - 15.5.1802Third LieutenantThomas Staines (1776-1830)ODNB1.2.1804 - 4.2.1804First LieutenantRobert Benjamin Young (1773-1846)NBD18494.8.1807 - 5.2.1810LieutenantSeptimus Arabin (d.1856)NBD184916.9.1808 - 1809LieutenantJohn Arnold (1784-1850)NBD18491.6.1810 - 19.12.1810LieutenantWilliam Walford (1787-1859)NBD1849

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
4.10.1800 - 26.7.1802ChaplainSamuel ColeADM29-120.5.1809 - 31.5.1813MasterJames Sutherland (d.1814)ADM29-1

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.1798 - 22.7.1799MidshipmanGeorge Antram (d.1847)NBD184916.8.1799 - 13.10.1799MidshipmanJohn Portal Woodin (1780-1805)NAO9.1800 - 10.2.1801MidshipmanWilliam Borough (1781-1852)NBD18491802 - 1807MidshipmanJohn Mort Bate (d.1845)NBD184911.1803 - 7.9.1804Master's MateThomas Morley BlaineyNBD184915.11.1803 - 4.1807MidshipmanThomas BaxterNBD18491.1808 - 1809MidshipmanFrederick William Beechey (1796-?)NBD18498.1809 - 1.6.1810MidshipmanWilliam Walford (1787-1859)NBD1849

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
6.1798 - 1798Able SeamanJohn William Andrew (1783-1854)NBD18498.6.1799 - 15.8.1799Able SeamanJohn Portal Woodin (1780-1805)NAO19.4.1801 - 18021st Class VolunteerJohn Mort Bate (d.1845)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
5.1789Began building at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
31.3.1798Completed building at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £60685.0.0dBWAS-1714
31.3.1798Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
25.6.1798Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
12.10.1798Battle of Tory Island
6.12.1798Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1800Blockade of MaltaBWAS-1714
18.2.1800Capture of the Généreux
18.2.1800Took the Third Rate Ship of the Line Le Généreux (74) In the Mediterranean
31.3.1800Capture of the Guillaume Tell
1801Egypt operationsBWAS-1714
7.1802Paid off PlymouthBWAS-1714
1.1803Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1803Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
13.3.1806Action of 1806-03-13
13.3.1806Took the Third Rate Ship of the Line Marengo (74) in the Atlantic
13.3.1806Took the Fifth Rate Frigate La Belle Poule (40) in the Atlantic
1807Blockade of the TagusBWAS-1714
1808Flagship of the South American stationBWAS-1714
8.1812Returned to EnglandBWAS-1714
11.1812Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1815Began large repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
4.1819Completed large repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £83220.0.0dBWAS-1714
1820Guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
10.1839Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1840Laid up in ordinaryBWAS-1714
6.1840Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £14027.0.0dBWAS-1714
3.1861Fitted with Armstrong guns as a training shipBWAS-1714
12.1.1892Sold to J. Read and then on to a German shipbreakers. Later repurchased and refitted by J. R. Wheatley CobbBWAS-1714
16.6.1897Stranded on Blackpool sands while on a fund-raising and propaganda tourBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
NA-ROAThe National Archive - Records of the Admiralty etc. Book
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
 

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