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Foudroyant

4346
Nominal Guns80BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.1.1788BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down5.1789BWAS-1793
Launched31.3.1798BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
Designed by
Sir John HenslowBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1761-1784
BWAS-1793
Constructor
John MarshallBritish
Ship Builder
Service 1786-1802
BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Sold12.1.1892BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck184' 8 ½"Imperial Feet56.0959 
Length of Keel151' 1 ¼"Imperial Feet46.0312 
Breadth50' 7 ¾"Imperial Feet15.2591 
Depth in Hold22' 6"Imperial Feet6.7818 
Draught Forward14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863 
Draught Aft18' 7"Imperial Feet5.5086 
Burthen2,061 5794Tons BM 

Armament


5.1798Broadside Weight = 1058 Imperial Pound ( 479.803 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 18-Pounder

1830Broadside Weight = 1384 Imperial Pound ( 627.644 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck2 British 68-Pounder
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck2 British 68-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4 British 32-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade

20 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
5.1798 - 25.5.1798Captain
James Richard DacresBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1808
BWAS-1714
25.5.1798 - 30.10.1798Captain
Sir Thomas ByardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1799
BWAS-1714
30.10.1798 - 11.1798Commander
William ButterfieldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1837
BWAS-1714
11.1798 - 4.1799Captain
John ElphinstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1795
BWAS-1714
4.1799 - 6.1799Captain
William BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1815
BWAS-1714
6.1799 - 10.1799Captain
Thomas Masterman HardyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1837
ODNB
13.10.1799 - 1.11.1800Captain
Sir Edward BerryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1821
BWAS-1714
10.2.1801 - 1801Captain
Philip BeaverBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1789
BWAS-1714
10.2.1801 - 8.1801Captain
Philip BeaverBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1789
BWAS-1714
3.1801 - 4.1801Captain
William YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1846
BWAS-1714
4.1801 - 6.1801Captain
Thomas StephensonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1802
BWAS-1714
6.1801 - 9.1801Captain
John Clarke SearleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1811
BWAS-1714
9.1801 - 7.1802Captain
John ElphinstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1795
BWAS-1714
6.1803 - 3.1804Captain
Peter SpicerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1804
BWAS-1714
3.1804 - 10.1805Captain
Peter PugetBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1808
BWAS-1714
10.1805 - 1.1807Captain
John Chambers WhiteBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1845
BWAS-1714
1.1807 - 10.1807Captain
Richard PeacockeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1830
BWAS-1714
10.1807 - 1808Captain
Norborn ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1814
BWAS-1714
1808 - 1810Captain
Sir Charles Marsh SchombergBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1824
BWAS-1714
1810 - 11.1812Captain
Richard Turner HancockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1812
BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1798 - 4.1799Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Lord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1815
BWAS-1714
8.6.1799 - 24.6.1800Rear-Admiral of the RedNA-ROA1801 - 1802Admiral of the Blue
Lord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1815
BWAS-1714
6.1803 - 10.1803Rear-Admiral of the White
James Richard DacresBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1808
BWAS-1714
10.1804 - 1804Rear-Admiral of the White
Sir Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1812
BWAS-1714
10.1805 - 1806Rear-Admiral of the Red
John Borlase Warren (1st Baronet of Little Marlow)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1804
BWAS-1714
1808 - 1810Rear-Admiral of the White
William Sidney SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
BWAS-1714
1810 - 1812Vice-Admiral of the Blue
The Hon. Michael de CourcyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1814
BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1799 - 1800Lieutenant
John Aitken BlowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1784-1842
NBD1849
17.10.1799 - 15.5.1802Third Lieutenant
Thomas StainesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1825
ODNB
1.2.1804 - 4.2.1804First Lieutenant
Robert Benjamin YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1810
NBD1849
4.8.1807 - 5.2.1810Lieutenant
Septimus ArabinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1846
NBD1849
16.9.1808 - 1809Lieutenant
John ArnoldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1842
NBD1849
1.6.1810 - 19.12.1810Lieutenant
William WalfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1846
NBD1849

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.10.1800 - 26.7.1802Chaplain
Samuel ColeBritish
Naval Sailor
Clergyman
Service 1790-1802
ADM 29-1
20.5.1809 - 31.5.1813Master
James SutherlandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1814
ADM 29-1

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.1798 - 22.7.1799Midshipman
George AntramBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1809
NBD1849
16.8.1799 - 13.10.1799Midshipman
John Portal WoodinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1805
NAO
9.1800 - 10.2.1801Midshipman
William BoroughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1843
NBD1849
1802 - 1807Midshipman
John Mort BateBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1836
NBD1849
11.1803 - 7.9.1804Master's Mate
Thomas Morley BlaineyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1837
NBD1849
15.11.1803 - 4.1807Midshipman
Thomas BaxterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1816
NBD1849
1.1808 - 1809Midshipman
Frederick William BeecheyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1806-1836
NBD1849
8.1809 - 1.6.1810Midshipman
William WalfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1846
NBD1849

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
6.1798 - 1798Able Seaman
John William AndrewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1846
NBD1849
8.6.1799 - 15.8.1799Able Seaman
John Portal WoodinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1805
NAO
19.4.1801 - 18021st Class Volunteer
John Mort BateBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1801-1836
NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
5.1789Began building at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
31.3.1798Completed building at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £60685.0.0dBWAS-1714
31.3.1798Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
25.6.1798Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
12.10.1798Battle of Tory Island
6.12.1798Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1800Blockade of MaltaBWAS-1714
18.2.1800Capture of the Généreux
18.2.1800Took the Ship of the Line
Le Généreux (74) 1785-1800
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
In the Mediterranean

31.3.1800Capture of the Guillaume Tell
1801Egypt operationsBWAS-1714
7.1802Paid off PlymouthBWAS-1714
1.1803Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1803Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
13.3.1806Action of 1806-03-13
13.3.1806Took the Ship of the Line
Marengo (74) 1795-1806
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1802 Renamed "Marengo"
in the Atlantic

13.3.1806Took the Frigate
La Belle Poule (40) 1802-1806
French 40 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
in the Atlantic

1807Blockade of the TagusBWAS-1714
1808Flagship of the South American stationBWAS-1714
8.1812Returned to EnglandBWAS-1714
11.1812Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1815Began large repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
4.1819Completed large repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £83220.0.0dBWAS-1714
1820Guardship at PlymouthBWAS-1714
10.1839Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1840Laid up in ordinaryBWAS-1714
6.1840Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £14027.0.0dBWAS-1714
3.1861Fitted with Armstrong guns as a training shipBWAS-1714
12.1.1892Sold to J. Read and then on to a German shipbreakers. Later repurchased and refitted by J. R. Wheatley CobbBWAS-1714
16.6.1897Stranded on Blackpool sands while on a fund-raising and propaganda tourBWAS-1714

 

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