Fowey

4353
Nominal Guns24BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered26.9.1747BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down10.1747BWAS-1714
Launched4.7.1749BWAS-1714
First Commissioned5.3.1751/52BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardLepe - Hampshire BWAS-1714
Ship Class1745 Establishment 24-GunnerBWAS-1714
ConstructorMoody JanverinBWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Burnt to avoid capture6.10.1781BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck113' 2 ¾"Imperial Feet34.4615 
Length of Keel93' 3"Imperial Feet28.3718 
Breadth32' 2"Imperial Feet9.779 
Depth in Hold11' 0 ½"Imperial Feet3.3655 
Burthen513 2094Tons BM 

Armament


4.7.1749Broadside Weight = 102 Imperial Pound ( 46.257 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck2 British 9-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745160Design Complement

19 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.3.1751/52 - 17.5.1756CaptainGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/18/27BWAS-171417.1.1757 - 14.11.1758CaptainHenry John Phillips (1718-1762) ADM 6/18/345BWAS-171414.11.1758 - 6.7.1761CaptainGeorge Anthony Tonyn (c.1735-1770) ADM 6/19/4BWAS-17147.7.1761 - 3.6.1763CaptainJoseph Mead (c.1710-1799) ADM 6/19/327BWAS-171420.6.1765 - 9.6.1767CaptainWilliam Allen (1728-1804) ADM 6/20/78ADM 6/209.6.1767 - 9.7.1771CaptainMark Robinson (1722-1799) ADM 6/20/170BWAS-171428.10.1771 - 7.7.1772CaptainThomas Wilkinson (c.1736-c.1776) ADM 6/20/409ADM 6/207.7.1772 - 15.4.1774CaptainThomas Jordan (c.1737-c.1779) ADM 6/20/458
Issued by John Montagu (1719-1795)
Commission confirmed 6.10.1772
BWAS-1714
15.4.1774 - 18.1.1777CaptainGeorge Montagu (1750-1829) ADM 6/21/33
Issued by John Montagu (1719-1795), North America
Commission confirmed 1.6.1774
BWAS-1714
18.1.1777 - 31.1.1777CaptainElliott Salter (d.1790) ADM 6/21/250BWAS-171410.5.1777 - 26.7.1777CaptainElliott Salter (d.1790) ADM 6/21/285ADM 6/212.8.1777 - 23.8.1777CaptainJames Jones (d.1780) ADM 6/21/301ADM 6/2123.8.1777 - 25.9.1777CaptainThe Hon. John Tollemache (1750-1777)† ADM 6/21/304ADM 6/2122.11.1777 - 15.5.1780CaptainJohn Henry (1731-1829) ADM 6/22/186
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 26.10.1780
BWAS-1714
15.5.1780 - 1.7.1780CaptainHowell Lloyd (d.1780) ADM 6/22/189
Issued by Marriot Arbuthnot (1711-1794), North America
Commission confirmed 30.10.1780
ADM 6/22
1.7.1780 - 22.6.1781CaptainJohn Knowles (d.1801) ADM 6/22/218
Issued by Marriot Arbuthnot (1711-1794), North America
Commission confirmed 29.12.1780
ADM 6/22
14.10.1780 - 20.10.1780CaptainJohn Rodney (1765-1847) ADM 6/22/472
Issued by Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 22.5.1782
ADM 6/22
20.10.1780 - 6.3.1782CaptainJames Douglas (1755-1839) ADM 6/22/288
Issued by Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 17.5.1781
ADM 6/22
23.11.1780 - 6.10.1781CaptainPeter Aplin (1753-1817) ADM 6/22/567BWAS-1714

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
10.1779 - 1780MidshipmanEdward Walpole Browne (1767-1846)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
6.3.1761 - 8.2.1762Captain's ServantWilliam Richardson (1746-1772)IPC

Service History


DateEventSource
10.1747Began building at Lepe - Hampshire BWAS-1714
4.7.1749Completed building at Lepe - Hampshire at a cost of £4165.12.0dBWAS-1714
9.7.1749Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
14.5.1752Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £1843.1.4dBWAS-1714
6.1752Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
17.5.1756Paid offADM 51
24.7.1756SurveyedBWAS-1714
10.1756Began repairsBWAS-1714
2.1757Completed repairs at a cost of £3176.18.9dBWAS-1714
23.6.1757Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
11.1758At QuebecBWAS-1714
17.5.1759Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
17.7.1760Took the Privateer L'Heureuse Pécheuse off HeligolandtBG
24.6.1761Took the Privateer Le Russien
9.8.1761Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
7.1.1762Operations against Martinique
14.3.1762Fowey vs Ventura
15.3.1762Took the Frigate Ventura (26) off Cape Tiburon
6.6.1762Operations against Havana
3.6.1763

At Jamaica, then home to pay off

BWAS-1714
20.10.1763SurveyedBWAS-1714
8.1765Began large repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
28.8.1765SurveyedBWAS-1714
12.1766Completed large repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £8082.13.4dBWAS-1714
25.8.1767Sailed for South CarolinaBWAS-1714
9.7.1771

Paid off

BWAS-1714
8.1771Began fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
3.1772Completed fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £2989.18.7dBWAS-1714
12.5.1772Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
6.1774At VirginiaBWAS-1714
4.12.1775Took the Brigantine Washington (10)
1.1777Began small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
31.1.1777

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1777RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.1777Completed small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £4761.0.5dBWAS-1714
28.8.1777Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
12.1778At SavannahBWAS-1714
9.9.1779Siege of Savannah
4.11.1779Took the Galley Rutledge
6.10.1781Scutttled and burnt to avoid capture at Yorktown. Clowes says set on fire by American red hot shot.


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1.1.1775-1.1.1775North American Squadron on the 1st of January 1775Samuel Graves (1713-1787) 

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
IPCIndividual's Passing Certificate Document
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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