Fowey

4353
Nominal Guns24BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered26.9.1747BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down10.1747BWAS-1714
Launched4.7.1749BWAS-1714
First Commissioned5.3.1751/52
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardLepe BWAS-1714
Ship Class1745 Establishment 24-Gunner
ConstructorMoody JanverinBWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Burnt to avoid capture6.10.1781BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck113' 2 ¾"Imperial Feet34.4615 
Length of Keel93' 3"Imperial Feet28.3718 
Breadth32' 2"Imperial Feet9.779 
Depth in Hold11' 0 ½"Imperial Feet3.3655 
Burthen513 2094Tons BM 

Armament


4.7.1749Broadside Weight = 102 Imperial Pound ( 46.257 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck2 British 9-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745160Design Complement

15 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.3.1751/52 - 17.5.1756CaptainGeorge Mackenzie (d.1780) ADM 6/18/27BWAS-171417.1.1757 - 14.11.1758CaptainHenry John Phillips (1718-1762) ADM 6/18/345BWAS-171414.11.1758 - 6.7.1761CaptainGeorge Anthony Tonyn (d.1770) ADM 6/19/4BWAS-17147.7.1761 - 3.6.1763CaptainJoseph Mead (d.1799) ADM 6/19/327BWAS-171420.6.1765 - 9.6.1767CaptainWilliam Allen (1728-1804) ADM 6/20/78ADM 6/209.6.1767 - 9.7.1771CaptainMark Robinson (1722-1799) ADM 6/20/170BWAS-171428.10.1771 - 7.7.1772CaptainThomas Wilkinson (d.1776) ADM 6/20/409ADM 6/207.7.1772 - 15.4.1774CaptainThomas Jordan (d.c.1779) ADM 6/20/458
Issued by John Montagu (1719-1795)
Commission confirmed 6.10.1772
BWAS-1714
15.4.1774 - 18.1.1777CaptainGeorge Montagu (1750-1829) ADM 6/21/33
Issued by John Montagu (1719-1795), North America
Commission confirmed 1.6.1774
BWAS-1714
18.1.1777 - 31.1.1777CaptainElliott Salter (d.1790) ADM 6/21/250BWAS-171410.5.1777 - 26.7.1777CaptainElliott Salter (d.1790) ADM 6/21/285ADM 6/212.8.1777 - 23.8.1777CaptainJames Jones (d.1780) ADM 6/21/301ADM 6/2123.8.1777 - 25.9.1777CaptainThe Hon. John Tollemache (1750-1777)† ADM 6/21/304ADM 6/2122.11.1777 - 7.1780CaptainJohn Henry (1731-1829)BWAS-171423.11.1780 - 6.10.1781CaptainPeter Aplin (1753-1817)BWAS-1714

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
10.1779 - 1780MidshipmanEdward Walpole Browne (1767-1846)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
6.3.1761 - 8.2.1762Captain's ServantWilliam Richardson (1746-1772)IPC

Service History


DateEventSource
10.1747Began building at Lepe BWAS-1714
4.7.1749Completed building at Lepe at a cost of £4165.12.0dBWAS-1714
9.7.1749Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
14.5.1752Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £1843.1.4dBWAS-1714
6.1752Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
17.5.1756Paid offADM 51
24.7.1756SurveyedBWAS-1714
10.1756Began repairsBWAS-1714
2.1757Completed repairs at a cost of £3176.18.9dBWAS-1714
23.6.1757Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
11.1758At QuebecBWAS-1714
17.5.1759Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
17.7.1760Took the Privateer L'Heureuse Pécheuse off HeligolandtBG
24.6.1761Took the Privateer Le Russien
9.8.1761Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
7.1.1762Operations against Martinique
14.3.1762Fowey vs Ventura
15.3.1762Took the Sixth Rate Frigate Ventura (26) off Cape Tiburon
6.6.1762Operations against Havanna
3.6.1763

At Jamaica, then home to pay off

BWAS-1714
20.10.1763SurveyedBWAS-1714
8.1765Began large repair at Sheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
28.8.1765SurveyedBWAS-1714
12.1766Completed large repair at Sheerness Dockyard at a cost of £8082.13.4dBWAS-1714
25.8.1767Sailed for South CarolinaBWAS-1714
9.7.1771

Paid off

BWAS-1714
8.1771Began fitting at Sheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
3.1772Completed fitting at Sheerness Dockyard at a cost of £2989.18.7dBWAS-1714
12.5.1772Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
6.1774At VirginiaBWAS-1714
4.12.1775Took the Hired Vessel Brigantine Washington (10)
1.1777Began small repair at Sheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
31.1.1777

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1777RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.1777Completed small repair at Sheerness Dockyard at a cost of £4761.0.5dBWAS-1714
28.8.1777Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
12.1778At SavannahBWAS-1714
9.9.1779Seige of Savannah
4.11.1779Took the Unrated Galley Rutledge
6.10.1781Scutttled and burnt to avoid capture at Yorktown. Clowes says set on fire by American red hot shot.

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1775/01/011775/01/01North American Squadron on the 1st of January 1775Samuel Graves (1713-1787)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
IPCIndividual's Passing Certificate Document
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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