Gloucester

4481
Nominal Guns52B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
OperatorState Navy
Ordered12.1652BWAS-1603
Acquired3.1653/54BWAS-1603
ShipyardLimehouse - London B028
ConstructorMathew GravesB065
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked6.5.1682B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel117' 0"Imperial Feet35.6616 
Breadth34' 10"Imperial Feet10.3632 
Depth in Hold14' 6"Imperial Feet4.3053 
Burthen755Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentTRN2
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel117' 0"Imperial Feet35.6616 
Breadth34' 10"Imperial Feet10.3632 
Depth in Hold14' 6"Imperial Feet4.3053 
Draught Aft17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen755 11 /94Tons BM 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 493 Imperial Pound ( 223.5755 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck19 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck34 British Demi-Culverin

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
25.12.1656310280 Sailors and 30 SoldiersTRN2
1660210 BWAS-1603
1666280 BWAS-1603

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1654 - 1656CaptainBenjamin Blake (d.1689)BWAS-16031656CaptainRichard NewberryBWAS-16031658CaptainEustace SmithBWAS-16031659CaptainWilliam WhitehorneBWAS-160310.6.1664 - 7.9.1664CaptainChristopher Myngs (d.1666)BWAS-16038.9.1664 - 25.3.1665CaptainJohn Harman (d.1673)B05128.3.1665 - 9.6.1666CaptainRobert Clarke (d.1669)B05110.6.1666 - 26.10.1667CaptainRichard MayB05116.1.1671/72 - 3.4.1672CaptainJohn Holmes (d.1679)BWAS-160316.4.1672 - 12.8.1673CaptainWilliam Coleman (d.1681)BWAS-160314.8.1673 - 31.3.1674CaptainSir William JennensB0518.4.1682 - 6.5.1682CaptainSir John Berry (1635-1690/91)BWAS-16038.6.1703 - 1703CaptainPhilip Boys (1671-1726/27) ADM 6/8/35
Commission confirmed 20.12.1703
ADM 6/8

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1664LieutenantWilliam JennensB051

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
12.12.1681 - 25.5.1683Master's ServantThomas Russell (c.1659-1739/40) ADM 107/1/100ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
25.12.1654Left Spithead as part of Sir William Penn (d.1670) fleet for the CaribbeanBWAS-1603
25.6.1655Left in the West Indies when William Penn returned to EnglandTRN2
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 60 gun Third Rate
5.5.1666While stationed of the Texel, intercepted a Dutch flotilla of twelve ships bound from the Baltic to Amsterdam, and took seven of themTRN2
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
13.3.1671/72Battle of Smyrna Convoy
5.1672Flagship a squadron of ten sail watching the Dutch Ports, the squadron was chased to Sheerness by thirty Netherlands shipsTRN2
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
6.5.1682Wrecked off YarmouthB028


Notes on Ship


Loss of the GloucesterTRN2
The year 1682 was a year of peace, and is mainly remarkable for the circumstances which attended the loss of the Gloucester, in which the Duke of York was on his way to Leith. The captain of the ship, and senior officer of the escorting squadron, was Sir John Berry; but the navigation of the vessel had been entrusted to Captain James Aire. The Gloucester, in the early morning of May 6th, ran upon the Lemon and Oar, and upwards of one hundred and thirty persons, including Robert, third Earl of Roxburghe, and several other noblemen and gentlemen of the Duke's suite, perished. There is some reason for believing that the ship was deliberately wrecked by Aire, acting as agent for a party of conspirators who desired the death of the Duke of York.

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
TRN2The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
ADM 6/8ADM 6/8 Commission and Warrent Book 1703 6 July-1706 3 July Archive
ADM 107/1ADM 107/1 1691-1703 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
 

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