Gloucester

4481
Nominal Guns52B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
OperatorState Navy
Ordered12.1652BWAS-1603
Acquired3.1653/54BWAS-1603
ShipyardLimehouse - London B028
Constructor Mathew GravesB065
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Wrecked6.5.1682B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel117' 0"Imperial Feet35.6616 
Breadth34' 10"Imperial Feet10.3632 
Depth in Hold14' 6"Imperial Feet4.3053 
Burthen755Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentTRN2
Draught Aft18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel117' 0"Imperial Feet35.6616 
Breadth34' 10"Imperial Feet10.3632 
Depth in Hold14' 6"Imperial Feet4.3053 
Draught Aft17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen755 11 /94Tons BM 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 493 Imperial Pound ( 223.5755 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck19 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck34 British Demi-Culverin

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
25.12.1656310280 Sailors and 30 SoldiersTRN2
1660210 BWAS-1603
1666280 BWAS-1603

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1654 - 1656Captain Benjamin Blake (d.1689)BWAS-16031656Captain Richard NewberryBWAS-16031658Captain Eustace SmithBWAS-16031659Captain William WhitehorneBWAS-160310.6.1664 - 7.9.1664Captain Christopher Myngs (1625-1666)BWAS-16038.9.1664 - 25.3.1665Captain John Harman (d.1673)B05128.3.1665 - 9.6.1666Captain Robert Clarke (d.1669)B05110.6.1666 - 26.10.1667Captain Richard MayB05116.1.1671/72 - 3.4.1672Captain John Holmes (d.1679)BWAS-160316.4.1672 - 12.8.1673Captain William Coleman (d.1681)BWAS-160314.8.1673 - 31.3.1674CaptainSir William JennensB0518.4.1682 - 6.5.1682CaptainSir John Berry (1635-1690/91)BWAS-1603

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1664Lieutenant William JennensB051

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
4.1.1680/81 - 6.6.1682Master's Servant Thomas Russell (c.1659-1739/40) ADM 107/1/100ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
25.12.1654Left Spithead as part of Sir William Penn (1621-1670) fleet for the CaribbeanBWAS-1603
25.6.1655Left in the West Indies when William Penn returned to EnglandTRN2
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 60 gun Third Rate
5.5.1666While stationed of the Texel, intercepted a Dutch flotilla of twelve ships bound from the Baltic to Amsterdam, and took seven of themTRN2
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
13.3.1671/72Battle of Smyrna Convoy
5.1672Flagship a squadron of ten sail watching the Dutch Ports, the squadron was chased to Sheerness by thirty Netherlands shipsTRN2
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
6.5.1682Wrecked off YarmouthB028


Notes on Ship


Loss of the GloucesterTRN2
The year 1682 was a year of peace, and is mainly remarkable for the circumstances which attended the loss of the Gloucester, in which the Duke of York was on his way to Leith. The captain of the ship, and senior officer of the escorting squadron, was Sir John Berry; but the navigation of the vessel had been entrusted to Captain James Aire. The Gloucester, in the early morning of May 6th, ran upon the Lemon and Oar, and upwards of one hundred and thirty persons, including Robert, third Earl of Roxburghe, and several other noblemen and gentlemen of the Duke's suite, perished. There is some reason for believing that the ship was deliberately wrecked by Aire, acting as agent for a party of conspirators who desired the death of the Duke of York.

 

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