Maidstone -> 1660 Mary Rose455
Nominal Guns40B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England
OperatorState Navy
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardWoodbridge B028
ConstructorJohn MundayB028
CategoryFourth RateB028
Ship TypeShip
BecomesFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Vaillant' (1691)


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel100' 0"Imperial Feet30.48
Breadth31' 8"Imperial Feet9.652
Depth in Hold13' 0"Imperial Feet3.9624
Burthen556Tons BM
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen555Tons BM
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB022
Length of Keel102' 0"Imperial Feet31.0896
Breadth32' 0"Imperial Feet9.7536
Depth in Hold13' 0"Imperial Feet3.9624
Burthen555 5494Imperial Feet0.0146
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel100' 0"Imperial Feet30.48
Breadth31' 6"Imperial Feet9.6012
Depth in Hold13' 0"Imperial Feet3.9624
Draught Aft16' 0"Imperial Feet4.8768
Burthen527 7494Tons BM


1666Broadside Weight = 310 Imperial Pound ( 140.5852 kg) BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck8British Saker
1677Broadside Weight = 274.5 Imperial Pound ( 124.4859 kg) B022
Lower Gun Deck22British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck6British Saker
1685Broadside Weight = 305 Imperial Pound ( 138.3175 kg) B022
Lower Gun Deck22British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20British 8-Pounder
Quarterdeck6British Demi-Culverin

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1660140Official ComplementB022
1666190Official ComplementB022
1670170Official ComplementB022


16541657/06CaptainThomas AdamsBWAS-1603
1657/06UnknownCaptainThomas PenroseBWAS-1603
1660UnknownCaptainThomas PomeroyBWAS-1603
1662/01/011663/07/24CaptainJoseph CubittBWAS-1603
16641664CaptainRobert SansomB051
1665/07/081665/07/21CaptainWilliam ReevesBWAS-1603
1665/07/211669/01/13CaptainThomas DarcyB051
1669/02/221670/06/13CaptainJohn KempthorneBWAS-1603
1671/03/011672/06/12CaptainWilliam DaviesB051
1675/12/31UnknownCaptainWilliam CopowBWAS-1603
1675/12/311675/10CaptainThomas HamiltonBWAS-1603
1678/01/071678/04/15CaptainCharles WyldeB051
1678/04/121680/06/07CaptainCharles TalbotB051
1681/08/181684/08/09CaptainJohn AshbyBWAS-1603
1685/06/191687CaptainJohn TempleBWAS-1603
1687/07/261688/09CaptainRalph WrennBWAS-1603
16911691/07/12CaptainJohn BountyBWAS-1603

Commissioned Officers

1662UnknownLieutenantCharles JuxonB051
16661666LieutenantJohn TurnerB051
16711671LieutenantMorgan Kempthorneref:649


16681668UnknownMorgan Kempthorneref:649

Service History

DateEvent Source
1653/11Completed at Unknown at a cost of £3432.0.0dBWAS-1603
1657/04/20Battle of Santa Cruz 
1660/05Renamed Mary Rose 
1660/06At GravesendBWAS-1603
1665/06/03Battle of Lowestoft 
1666Re-classed as a 50 gunner 
1666/06/01Four Days Battle 
1666/07/25St James Day Battle 
1672/05/28Battle of Solebay 
1673/05/28First Battle of Schooneveld 
1673/06/04Second Battle of Schooneveld 
1673/08/11Battle of Texel 
1677Re-classed as a 48 gunner 
1678In the Channel then to NewfoundlandBWAS-1603
1681In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1686To BarbadoesBWAS-1603
1691/07/12Captured by the French in the AtlanticB068

FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Lord Edward Montagu (1st Earl of Sandwich)


B028 Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
B065 The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B022 The 50-Gun ShipRif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1603 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B051 Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
ref:649 Mariner's Mirror Vol 12 - Sir John KempthorneG. A. KempthorneDigital Book
B068 Warships of the Great lakesRobert MalcomsonBook

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Robert Boon on Friday 28th of October 2016 19:44

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 12 1685-1688

Lieutenant Governor Stede to Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Treaty of Neutrality and the royal orders thereupon are lately come to my hand. I have ordered Captain George Beach, of H.M.S. Mary Rose (Captain John Temple being dead) to publish it in St. Lucia; St. Vincent, and Dominica.

Letter dated 19 March 1687

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