Winsby -> 1660 Happy Return

Nominal Guns44B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
OperatorState Navy
First Commissioned2.1654B028
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardGreat Yarmouth - Norfolk B028
ConstructorEdmund EdgarBWAS-1603
CategoryFourth RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
BecomesFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'L'Heureux Retour' (1691) (54)


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB022
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth33' 2"Imperial Feet10.0753 
Depth in Hold13' 0"Imperial Feet3.9624 
Burthen608 4994Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel104' 0"Imperial Feet31.6992 
Breadth33' 2"Imperial Feet10.0753 
Depth in Hold13' 0"Imperial Feet3.9624 
Draught Aft17' 0"Imperial Feet5.1816 
Burthen608 4994Tons BM 


1666Broadside Weight = 322.5 Imperial Pound ( 146.2539 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 376 Imperial Pound ( 170.5162 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 6-Pound Saker
Quarterdeck/Forecastle8 British Saker

1685Broadside Weight = 315 Imperial Pound ( 142.8525 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Culverin
Upper Gun Deck20 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck6 British Demi-Culverin Cutts

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1660160 BWAS-1603
1666190 BWAS-1603
1677280 BWAS-1603

19 Commanding Officers

1654 - 9.1660CaptainJoseph AmesBWAS-160320.9.1660 - 1661CaptainJohn TyrwhittB05131.5.1664 - 16.8.1664CaptainRobert MoultonBWAS-16034.10.1664 - 25.8.1665CaptainJames Lambert (d.1665)BWAS-16031665CaptainJohn Hubbard (d.1668)B0511665 - 1666CaptainThomas HarwoodB05128.8.1665 - 11.6.1666CaptainHenry CuttanceB05112.6.1666 - 11.10.1667CaptainFrancis Courtnay (d.1673)BWAS-171426.6.1672 - 1.4.1674CaptainJohn StansbyBWAS-16031678 - 9.1678CaptainMorgan Kempthorne (1655-1681)BWAS-160311.9.1678 - 27.11.1679CaptainSir William Poole (d.bef.1689)B05116.7.1681 - 22.4.1684CaptainJohn WyborneB05120.6.1685 - 9.1687CaptainThomas Fowler (d.1687)BWAS-16032.9.1687 - 1688CaptainBenjamin Walters (d.1697/98)BWAS-16031689 - 6.5.1689CaptainWilliam Gifford (1649-1724)BWAS-16037.5.1689 - 1690CaptainWilliam Bokenham (d.1702)BWAS-16031690CaptainWilliam RobinsonBWAS-16031691 - 2.1691CaptainThomas Monk (d.1714)BWAS-16032.1691 - 4.11.1691CaptainPeter Pickard (d.1701/2)BWAS-1603

3 Commissioned Officers

1664LieutenantRichard James (d.1679/80)B0511664 - 1666LieutenantThomas LammingB05111.9.1678 - 13.1.1678/79First LieutenantJohn George (d.1690)B051

1 Petty Officer

18.7.1691 - 4.11.1691MidshipmanEdward Rainey (1670-1703) ADM 107/1/36ADM 107/1

4 Crewmen

15.12.1687 - 17.9.1690Able SeamanSudbury Duncomb (c.1661-?) ADM 107/1/64ADM 107/129.6.1690 - 24.12.1690VolunteerEdward Bowles (d.1694/95)ADM 107/112.1.1690/91 - 18.7.1691VolunteerEdward Rainey (1670-1703) ADM 107/1/36ADM 107/112.10.1691 - 4.11.1691VolunteerPhilip Hussey ADM 107/1/24ADM 107/1

Service History

2.1654Completed at Great Yarmouth - Norfolk at a cost of £3932.10.0dBWAS-1603
20.4.1657Battle of Santa Cruz
1659Operations in the SoundBWAS-1603
1660Renamed Happy ReturnB065
6.1660In the North SeaBWAS-1603
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
3.8.1665Battle of Vågen
1666Refitted as a 52 gunner
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
1677Refitted as a 54 gunner
1679In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1681Expedition to TangierBWAS-1603
1685In Home water and then the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1685Refitted as a 48 gunner
1690In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
22.4.1690Took the Ship La Vierge de Grace (32) BWAS-1603
2.1691Convoy service off BarfleurBWAS-1603
4.11.1691Captured by French privateers off DunkirkBWAS-1603


DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659Edward Montagu (d.1672) 

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