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Nominal Guns12BWAS-1793
NationalityUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down5.1804BWAS-1793
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1793
ShipyardWearmouth - Durham BWAS-1793
Ship ClassArcher Class (1800)BWAS-1793
Designed by
William RuleBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1778-1813
R. B. RoxbyBritish
Ship Builder
Ship TypeGun-brigBWAS-1793
Sold for Break Up6.8.1835BWAS-1793


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck80' 5"Imperial Feet24.511 
Length of Keel66' 2 ¼"Imperial Feet20.1232 
Breadth22' 6"Imperial Feet6.7818 
Depth in Hold9' 5"Imperial Feet2.8702 
Burthen178 2294Tons BM 


7.8.1804Broadside Weight = 108 Imperial Pound ( 48.978 kg)BWAS-1793
Gun Deck10 British 18-Pound Carronade
Bow Chaser2 British 18-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
12.180050Design Complement

5 Ship Commanders

11.1804 - 1805Lieutenant
Roddam Augustus ReadBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1805
1806 - 1808Lieutenant
Stephen PerdrieauBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1814
1809 - 1811Lieutenant
Thomas DuttonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1800-1814
John George NopsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1811
7.6.1814 - 4.1815Commander
Sir James AthillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1809-1815

Service History

19.10.1804Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1793
13.12.1804Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1793
19.2.1808Took the Privateer
Le Revois (16) 1808-1808
French 16 Gun

1812In Ordinary at SheernessBWAS-1793
5.10.1812Refitted as a 12 gun Unrated Unknown
11.1816Began fitted as a storeship at UnknownBWAS-1793
1.1817Completed fitted as a storeshipBWAS-1793
1820At St HelenaBWAS-1793
11.1821Transfered to the 'Secretary of State's Dept to serve as a Hospital ship'BWAS-1793
11.1821Refitted as a Other Vessels Hospital Ship
1831Convict hospital at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
6.8.1835Sold to John Levy, Rochester for £105BWAS-1793


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Susan Lorraine Mills on Friday 20th of August 2021 18:53

I have a very nice watercolour of a hulk prison ship dated 1896. It is in the same position as where the Hardy would have been as a hospital/convict ship between 1825-1835 at Tipner. This isn't the Hardy but another old hulk used for prisoners.

Posted by Deborah Voigt on Monday 15th of June 2020 02:49

My ancestor Reuben Lester was sent from Newgate Prison to the Hardy on 13 Feb. 1835. He was then sent to the Mangles, and on to Tasmania.

Posted by jJohn Gibbons on Wednesday 10th of December 2014 13:52

Seems likely the 'Hardy' was used as a convict hospital ship as my great, great grandfather - John Sell - was transferred from Cheltenham gaol to the prison hulk 'York' on 30th May 1829 and, then, on the same day to the 'Hardy'. Both were in Portsmouth.

Posted by Ted Aldo on Sunday 8th of July 2012 03:34

The Hardy is listed in the report dated 1825, to the House of Commons on prisons as being at Tipnor/Tipner, Portsmouth as do reports of the same title after this date. This indicates that she was a convict prison hulk by 1825.

Contradicting these reports are the 1828 & 1834 Navy List under "Ships and their Present Station" which shows the Hardy as being a “Convict Hospital Ship, Portsmouth.

Various other sources such as books and internet sites list her as being a storeship in 1816, transferring cattle from the Cape to St Helena in 1820 and a "Convict Hospital Ship" in 1821 until 1831 which were probably sourced from the Naval list.

At the time the Hardy was supposedly a convict hospital ship the Racoon is listed in various Government reports and this site as being a convict hospital ship at Portsea, Portsmouth. The Racoon is not listed in the reports to the House of Commons on prisons.

Given the above it would be likely that the Hardy was earmarked as a hospital ship in 1821 but it never happened. For whatever reason she ended up becoming a prison hulk tucked away in the backwaters of Portsmouth at Tipnor.

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