Iris

4891
Nominal Guns28BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyAmerican Fifth Rate frigate 'Hancock' (1776) (34)
Captured8.7.1777BWAS-1714
ShipyardNewburyport - Massachusetts DANFS
Constructor Ralph CrossBWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeFrigate BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Captured11.9.1781BWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Fifth Rate frigate 'L'Iris' (1781) (32)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck136' 7"Imperial Feet41.4577 
Length of Keel115' 10 ⅞"Imperial Feet35.0742 
Breadth35' 2"Imperial Feet10.6782 
Depth in Hold11' 0 ½"Imperial Feet3.3655 
Burthen762 6294Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentDANFS
Length of Gundeck136' 7"Imperial Feet41.4577 
Breadth35' 6"Imperial Feet10.6985 
Depth in Hold11' 6"Imperial Feet3.5052 
Burthen763Tons BM 

Armament


4.1778Broadside Weight = 126 Imperial Pound ( 57.141 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder

7.1779Broadside Weight = 174 Imperial Pound ( 78.909 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1777200 BWAS-1714
7.1779220As a Fifth RateBWAS-1714

4 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
23.4.1778 - 18.9.1778Captain Samuel Wittewronge Clayton (1734-1795) Transfered ADM 6/21/506
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Confirmed 1.2.1779
BWAS-1714
18.9.1778 - 16.4.1779Captain George Keppel ADM 6/23/266
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Confirmed 15.2.1785
BWAS-1714
5.7.1779 - 1.8.1780Captain James Hawker (c.1731-1787): on board from 9.7.1779 Transfered ADM 6/22/1BWAS-17141.8.1780 - 11.9.1781Captain George Dawson (c.1739-?) ADM 6/22/452
Issued by Marriot Arbuthnot (1711-1794), North America
Confirmed 17.4.1782
BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
10.10.1179Completed refitting at Plymouth - Devon at a cost of £7492.16.3dBWAS-1714
23.4.1778Commissioned by Lord Howe's ordersBWAS-1714
12.5.1778Purchased at Unknown at a cost of £5739.1.7dBWAS-1714
22.12.1778Registered as a Sixth RateBWAS-1714
28.3.1779Began refitting at Plymouth - Devon BWAS-1714
16.4.1779Paid offADM 51
7.1779RecommissionedBWAS-1714
28.7.1779Refitted as a 32 gun Fifth Rate Frigate
17.11.1779Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
25.4.1780Took the Brigantine Amazon (8) off Sandy HookW027
26.5.1780Took the Frigate Aurora (20)
6.6.1780Iris vs Hermione
16.3.1781Battle of Cape Henry
9.8.1781Took the Frigate Trumbull (30)
25.8.1781Took the Brig Jolly Tar (10)
9.1781Took the Buckskin HeroBWAS-1714
11.9.1781Taken by De Grasse's fleet in the ChesapeakeBWAS-1714
11.9.1781Capture of HMS Iris and HMS Richmond
11.9.1781Taken by L'Aigrette (30) in the ChesapeakeE-WIKI
1793Retaken at ToulonBWAS-1714
18.12.1793Burnt at Toulon during the evacuationBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Saturday 24th of May 2014 22:05

1781/08/09 Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Trumbull
The Lords of the Admiralty received advice of the capture of the Trumbull Rebel frigate of 32 guns and 200 men by the Iris, Commodore Affleck.

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