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Leviathan

5088
Nominal Guns74BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered9.12.1779BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.1782BWAS-1714
Launched9.10.1790BWAS-1714
First Commissioned1.1793BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship ClassCarnatic Class (1779)BWAS-1714
Designed by
Sir John HenslowBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1761-1784
BWAS-1714
Constructor
John NelsonBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1776-1790
BWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Sold7.8.1848BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck172' 3"Imperial Feet52.4267 
Length of Keel140' 4"Imperial Feet42.6745 
Breadth47' 10"Imperial Feet14.3256 
Depth in Hold20' 9"Imperial Feet6.3246 
Draught Forward11' 9"Imperial Feet3.5814 
Draught Aft17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen1,707 8594Tons BM 

Armament


9.10.1790Broadside Weight = 781 Imperial Pound ( 354.1835 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1.1793640Design establishmentBWAS-1793

18 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
19.10.1790 - 10.10.1792Captain† Discharged Dead ADM 6/24/79ADM 6/2421.1.1793 - 13.9.1793Captain
Hugh Seymour ConwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
ADM 6/24/196
BWAS-1793
13.9.1793 - 12.4.1794Captain
George Johnstone HopeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1815
Transfered ADM 6/24/297
ADM 6/24
10.1793Captain
Benjamin HallowellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1818
BWAS-1793
1794 - 7.1794Captain
Hugh Seymour ConwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
TNC
7.1794 - 1797Captain
John Thomas DuckworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1817
WWNH
8.1797 - 1798Captain
Joseph BinghamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1814
BWAS-1793
1798 - 2.1799Captain
Henry DigbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1840
BWAS-1793
2.1799 - 1800Captain
James MayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1803
BWAS-1793
1800 - 4.1800Captain
James CarpenterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1837
BWAS-1793
6.1800 - 1801Commander
Edward Durnford KingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1841
BWAS-1793
30.6.1801 - 20.1.1802Commander
Christopher ColeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1828
ref:616
1802 - 12.1803Captain
Richard Dalling DunnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1813
BWAS-1793
1.1804 - 11.1807Captain
Henry William BayntunBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1775-1837
BWAS-1793
6.1808 - 8.1811Captain
John HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1815
BWAS-1793
8.1811 - 8.1813Captain
Patrick CampbellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1830
BWAS-1793
10.1813 - 4.1814Captain
Sir Adam DrummondBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-9990
BWAS-1793
10.1814 - 19.7.1816Captain
Thomas BriggsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1791-1847
NBD1849

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1797 - 4.1798Commodore
John Thomas DuckworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1817
BWAS-1793
14.2.1799 - 12.1803Rear-Admiral of the White
John Thomas DuckworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1817
BWAS-1793

14 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.10.1790 - 1790First Lieutenant
John LoringBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1803
ADM 6/24/79
ADM 6/24
19.10.1790 - 1790Third Lieutenant
Richard BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1783-1801
ADM 6/24/79
ADM 6/24
19.10.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
Percy FraserBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1808
ADM 6/24/79
ADM 6/24
20.11.1798 - 1.11.1799Acting Lieutenant
James BrockmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1830
NBD1849
28.5.1803 - 1806Lieutenant
Alexander Burgoyne HoweBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1849
NBD1849
14.7.1803 - 9.1805Lieutenant
Charles KnightonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1843
NBD1849
14.7.1803 - 1806Lieutenant
James HardingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1806
NBD1849
14.7.1803 - 1806Lieutenant
John BaldwinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1819
NBD1849
14.7.1803 - 1806Lieutenant
Francis BakerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849
23.12.1803 - 1806Lieutenant
Eyles MounsherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1813
NBD1849
1804Lieutenant
Leslie BouldersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1836
NBD1849
1808Lieutenant
William Silvester AddingtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1830
NBD1849
1812Lieutenant
Alexander DobbsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1815
BWAS-1793
22.2.1815 - 12.1815Lieutenant
George Hans BlakeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1822
NBD1849

7 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1794Master
James ParkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1794
ref:924
1794Chaplain
William StephensBritish
Naval Sailor
Clergyman
Service 1794
ref:924
1794Surgeon
Charles BoveardBritish
Naval Sailor
Other
Service 1776-1813
ref:924
1794Purser
Abraham N YatesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ref:924
1794Gunner
Thomas O'BrienBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1821
ref:924
1794Carpenter
William HaswellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ref:924
1794Boatswain
Thomas BakieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ref:924

16 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1790 - 1792Master's Mate
William Pryce CumbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1784-1837
ref:616
1794Midshipman
Nisbet GlenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1813
ref:905
1794Midshipman
Alexander EllisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
25.1.1795 - 15.3.1795Midshipman
Thomas Bladen CapelBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1792-1847
NAO
6.7.1797 - 17.11.1798Yeoman of the Powder Room
John HeadleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1802
ADM 29-1
24.4.1801 - 7.8.1802Midshipman
George CanningBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1814
NAO
9.1802 - 20.10.1802Midshipman
Christopher BellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1846
NBD1849
9.1802 - 3.9.1803Midshipman
Leslie BouldersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1836
NBD1849
1803 - 4.1803Midshipman
William HillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1819
NAO
27.10.1805 - 3.11.1805Master's Mate
John ManBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1808
NAO
1808 - 1810Midshipman
William Edward CurlewisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1808-1841
NBD1849
1809 - 9.1813Midshipman
John BarnesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1841
NBD1849
6.1809 - 4.1813Midshipman
William Henry WoodhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1808-1815
NBD1849
1811 - 1814Midshipman
John RadcliffBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1817
NBD1849
1814 - 16.9.1816Master's Mate
John RadcliffBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1807-1817
NBD1849
1814 - 1815Midshipman
William George AshbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1811-1830
NBD1849

16 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
13.4.1793 - 1794Able Seaman
William BlackBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1846
NBD1849
1794Able Seaman
Charles Thomas JonesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1821
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
John ElderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Joseph BatesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Joseph MajesticBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Joseph BassettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Thomas MaddenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Robert LowrieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
George AyresBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
Benjamin JoyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Able Seaman
John AndersonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1795
ADM 171/8
1794Ordinary Seaman
Andrew HardisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Landman
Richard BakerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Captain's Servant
William Henry HaswellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1809
ADM 171/8
1794Captain's Servant
Thomas HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
19.3.1795 - 27.6.1797Able Seaman
Elias BodahBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1802
ref:848

4 Marines


DatesRankNameSource
1794Private, 29th Regiment of Foot
Richard Stephen BamfordBritish
Soldier
Service 1794
ADM 171/8
1794Captain of Marines
Thomas LewisBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ref:924
1794Lieutenant of Marines
James MaxwellBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ref:924
1794Private
John InchBritish
Marine
Service 1794
ADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
8.1791Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
27.8.1791Completed at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £4810.19.8dBWAS-1714
27.8.1791Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £2064.16.5dBWAS-1714
1.1793First commissionedBWAS-1793
4.1793Fitted at SheernessBWAS-1793
22.5.1793Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
9.8.1793Took the Brig
Le Vrai Patriote (10) 1793-1793
French 10 Gun
Privateer Brig
near Flavanger Norvège
ref:692
10.1793At ToulonBWAS-1793
4.1794refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £11673.0.0dBWAS-1714
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June
14.5.1795Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1793
21.3.1796At LeoganeBWAS-1793
21.3.1796Attack on Leogane
8.1797refitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £10624.0.0dBWAS-1714
2.6.1798Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
11.1798Present at the capture of MinorcaBWAS-1793
1800Present at the blockade of CadizBWAS-1793
5.4.1800Action of 1800-04-07
6.1800Sailed for the Leeward IslesBWAS-1793
10.1803Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
12.1803Paid offBWAS-1793
1.1804Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £22261.0.0dBWAS-1714
26.4.1804Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
11.1807Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
8.1808Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £39026.0.0dBWAS-1714
7.2.1809Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1793
21.10.1809Action of 1809-10-21
23.10.1809Present in attack on convoyBWAS-1793
29.4.1812Her boats attacked shipping near FrejusBWAS-1793
29.4.1812Action of 1812-04-29
9.5.1812In company with
America (74) 1794-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1795 Renamed "Impetueux"
and
Eclair (12) 1801-1818
British 12 Gun
Unrated Schooner
1809 Renamed "Pickle"
destroyed a convoy near Laigueglia
NNF-1715
27.6.1812In company with
Imperieuse (38) 1793-1858
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1803 Renamed "Unite"
and
Curacao (36) 1809-1849
British 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
destoryed a second convoy
NNF-1715
27.6.1812Attack at Laigueglia 2
8.1813Began making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1813Completed making good defects at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £13396.0.0dBWAS-1714
1814At JamaicaBWAS-1793
4.1814At Lisbon, CorkBWAS-1793
1816Paid offBWAS-1793
10.1816Fitted as a convict ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
10.1846Scuttled as a target ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
7.8.1848Remains sold to Mr Burns for £805BWAS-1793

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 8th of April 2018 06:51

15 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on Mr W Rudgley, Boatswain of the Leviathan, was tried for absenting from duty himself without leave, and the charge being proved he was sentenced to be dismissed the Service.

18 Feb 1804 a boat belonging to the Leviathan, Lying at St Helen's, in attempting to get on board, struck on the rocks of the Bembridge Ledge, and overset, by which melancholy accident, 12 persons were drowned. Those who died included Mr Foster, nephew of the commanding officer, Captain Brenton ; Mr Stephenson, surgeon's mate ; Mr Monkatine, a Russian officer ; and 9 seamen : W S Smith, J Atkinson, T Dedworth, J White (1), J Davis (3), W Wareing, R Bowen, J Quin, servant, and J Yeates, Marine Servant.

20 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on T Mahoney, of the Leviathan, was sentenced to 300 lashes for disobedience of orders and contempt.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 8th of April 2018 06:37

18 Jul 1801 letters dated Martinique advise that Capt C Cole, late of the Surinam, has been promoted to be Flag Captain to R.-Adm. Duckworth in the Leviathan, preparing for a cruise, with the hurricane season approaching.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 8th of April 2018 06:15

6th April 1800 Lieutenant Charles March Gregory, Leviathan's 2nd Lieutenant.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Friday 6th of April 2018 07:27

19 Oct 1803 arrived Spithead, from Jamaica, the Leviathan, Capt Bayntum, her convoy being escorted to the River by the Santa Margaritta. It is reported that her passage from the West Indies took 3 months ; and her crew has been very sickly during the passage, 20-30 men having been lost, amongst whom was Mr Thompson, late purser of the Hercule, son of J Thompson of the Dockyard ; 24 men have been sent into RNH Haslar following her arrival.

Circa 22 Oct 1803 Mr Richards, Purser of the Santa Margaritta, apptd to the Leviathan. Mr Holes, Clerk of the Leviathan, apptd to the Santa Margaritta.


Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 3rd of April 2014 17:01

American and Daily Advertiser
June 14, 1799 p. 2
Letter from Cart. Bowen, to Earl St. Vincent, Argo, off Port Mahon, Feb. 9, 1799
Sir. I have great pleasure in acquainting you, that in caring your orders into execution in company with the Liviathan, on the 6th inst. at 4 P.M. drawing around 5the east end of Majorca under storm stay sails, with violent gale westerly. I discovered two large Spanish frigates at anchor, near a fortified tower on the south point of Bahiad Aleude, who, immediately on seeing us, cut their cables and made sail to N. N. E. We instantly gave chase with all the canvas the ship could bear, unfortunately the Liviathan's main top sail gave way, which caused her to drop astern,; the enemy seeing this took advantage, and after the close of the day spoke each other and separated; one hauling their wind to the northwest and the other set top gallant sails and kept away before it, which later I followed. The darkness of the night precluded the Liviathan from seeing their maneuver as also my signal to her to alter her course for port; however the Liviathan kept sight of the Argo, and was near up with us at midnight, when I got along side of the enemy, who still persevered in his endeavors to get off., (although his small sails were either shot or carried away in the chase) and did not surrender until he received our whole broadside which proved to be the Santa Teresa commanded by Don Pab? Perez, mounting in all 42 guns, besides swivels and cohorns and manned with 280 seaman and marines, besides 230 soldiers; in all 530 person on board ???Lieutenant, Mr. Lyne has much merit in keeping sight and observing the different shifts of the enemy by which great advantage was gained by the Argo during the chase. etc...

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