Mars

5283
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1788/01/17BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down1789/10BWAS-1793
Named1788/10/23BWAS-1793
Launched1794/10/25B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard B028
Ship ClassMars Class
Designed bySir John HenslowBWAS-1793
ConstructorMartin WareBWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1823/10B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck176' 0"Imperial Feet53.6448
Length of Keel144' 1"Imperial Feet43.8918
Breadth49' 2"Imperial Feet14.9408
Depth in Hold20' 0 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087
Draught Forward12' 7"Imperial Feet3.7465
Draught Aft17' 5"Imperial Feet5.1997
Burthen1,852 6294Tons BM

Armament


1794/10/25Broadside Weight = 880 Imperial Pound ( 399.08 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 9-Pounder

1805Broadside Weight = 1080 Imperial Pound ( 489.78 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 24-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1788/03/22640Design Complement

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1794/11 - 1797/02CaptainCharles CottonBWAS-17931797/02 - 1798/04/21CaptainSir Alexander HoodBWAS-17931798/04/21 - 1798/04/26LieutenantWilliam ButterfieldBWAS-17931798/04/26 - 1798/07CaptainGeorge James ShirleyBWAS-17931798/07 - 1799/05CaptainJohn ManleyBWAS-17931799/05 - 1801/01CaptainJohn MonktonBWAS-17931801/01 - 1802/09CaptainRobert LloydBWAS-17931803/03 - 1804CaptainJohn SuttonBWAS-17931804/04 - 1805/05CaptainGeorge DuffBWAS-17931805/05CaptainSamuel PymBWAS-17931805/05 - 1805/10/21CaptainGeorge DuffBWAS-17931805/10/22 - 1805/12LieutenantWilliam HennahBWAS-17931805/12 - 1806/08CaptainRobert Dudley OliverBWAS-17931806/08 - 1810CaptainWilliam LukinBWAS-17931810 - 1812CaptainJohn Surman CardenBWAS-17931812 - 1812/12CaptainHenry RaperBWAS-1793

Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1799/02/14 - 1801/01Rear-Admiral of the BlueGeorge Cranfield BerkeleyBWAS-17931801/01 - 1802Rear-Admiral of the BlueEdward ThornbroughBWAS-1793

Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1798LieutenantGeorge Arnaud FordBWAS-17931798LieutenantGeorge ArglesBWAS-17931798 - 1798/04/21LieutenantWilliam ButterfieldBWAS-17931804/09/12 - 1805LieutenantEdward William GarrettNAO1804/09/12 - 1806LieutenantWilliam GarrettNBD18491805LieutenantBenjamin PateyNAO1805LieutenantJames BlackNAO1805LieutenantGeorge DecoeurdouxNAO1805 - 1805/10/22First LieutenantWilliam HennahNAO1805 - 1806LieutenantWilliam PateyNBD18491805/03/11 - 1805/08/09Acting LieutenantWilliam Henry BoyceNAO1805/08/10 - 1806/03LieutenantWilliam Henry BoyceNAO1809/01/09 - 1813/06/03LieutenantJames BanceNBD18491809/10/26 - 1811/06/27LieutenantAlexander Dundas Young ArbuthnottNBD1849

Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1798PurserThomas Ligale YatesNBD18491805/04/28 - 1805SurgeonJames TorkingtonNAO1806/02/01 - 1806/09/21MasterLuke BrokenshaNAO

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1796 - 1798/07MidshipmanChristopher William BettyNBD18491798MidshipmanThomas SoutheyTRN41798 - 1798/04/21MidshipmanJames BlytheTRN41804 - 1809/10/26MidshipmanAlexander Dundas Young ArbuthnottNBD18491805 - 1807/10/19MidshipmanRichard BastardNBD18491805/09 - 1805/11MidshipmanNorwich Duffref:6161806 - 1808MidshipmanBenjamin AplinNBD18491807 - 1813/02MidshipmanJohn KiddleNBD1849

Crewmen


DatesRankNameSource
1795Able SeamanJohn MontgomeryADM 171/81795LandmanThomas JohnsonADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanWilliam HowarthADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanJames GarrettADM 171/81795Able SeamanEdward DenisonADM 171/81795ServantFrancis L BoltonADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanChristopher BlackburnADM 171/81795ServantSquire BadcockADM 171/81798/03/02 - 1802/04UnknownWilliam BradleyNBD18491806/03/25 - 1807/071st Class VolunteerSamuel BrokenshaNBD18491806/12/24 - 18071st Class VolunteerJohn KiddleNBD1849

Marines


DatesRankNameSource
1798 - 1798/04/21Captain of MarinesJoseph WhiteTRN4

Service History


DateEventSource
//
1789/10Began building at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
1794/10/25Completed building at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £50270.0.0dBWAS-1793
1794/10/25Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
1794/10/25Took the Third Rate Ship of the Line L'Hercule (74) off Brest
1794/11/08Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
1795/06/16First Battle of Groix
1797/04Spithead mutinyBWAS-1793
1798/04/21Mars vs Hercule
1799Blockade of RochefortBWAS-1793
1799/04/06

Sailed from Plymouth to join the Channel fleet

TNC
1799/07/02Attack on Spanish squadron in Aix roadsBWAS-1793
1801Blockade of BrestBWAS-1793
1802/09Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
1803/03RecommissionedBWAS-1793
1803/04Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
1805/10/21Battle of Trafalgar
1806/07/18Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Rhin (40) at the Action off Rochefort
1806/09/25Action off Rochefort
1807To the Baltic in the AutumnBWAS-1793
1807/08/15Second Battle of Copenhagen
1810/10/22Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1793
1812In the BalticBWAS-1793
1812/12Laid upBWAS-1793
1813fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
1823/10Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1793
// 


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028 Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1793 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
TRN4 The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IVWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
ref:616 Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
ADM 171/8 ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
TNC The Naval ChronicalVariousBook
 

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