Mars

5283
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.1.1788BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down10.1789BWAS-1793
Named23.10.1788BWAS-1793
Launched25.10.1794B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Ship ClassMars ClassB028
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1793
Constructor Martin Ware (d.1801)BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Broken Up10.1823B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck176' 0"Imperial Feet53.6448 
Length of Keel144' 1"Imperial Feet43.8918 
Breadth49' 2"Imperial Feet14.9408 
Depth in Hold20' 0 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087 
Draught Forward12' 7"Imperial Feet3.7465 
Draught Aft17' 5"Imperial Feet5.1997 
Burthen1,852 6294Tons BM 

Armament


25.10.1794Broadside Weight = 880 Imperial Pound ( 399.08 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 9-Pounder

1805Broadside Weight = 1080 Imperial Pound ( 489.78 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 24-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
22.3.1788640Design Complement

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1794 - 2.1797Captain Charles Cotton (1753-1812)BWAS-17932.1797 - 21.4.1798Captain Alexander Hood (1758-1798)BWAS-179321.4.1798 - 26.4.1798Lieutenant William Butterfield (1766-1842)BWAS-179326.4.1798 - 7.1798Captain George James ShirleyBWAS-17937.1798 - 5.1799Captain John ManleyBWAS-17935.1799 - 1.1801Captain John MonktonBWAS-17931.1801 - 9.1802Captain Robert LloydBWAS-17933.1803 - 1804Captain John SuttonBWAS-17934.1804 - 5.1805Captain George Duff (1764-1805)BWAS-17935.1805Captain Samuel PymBWAS-17935.1805 - 21.10.1805Captain George Duff (1764-1805)BWAS-179322.10.1805 - 12.1805Lieutenant William Hennah (d.1806)BWAS-179312.1805 - 8.1806Captain Robert Dudley OliverBWAS-17938.1806 - 1810Captain William LukinBWAS-17931810 - 1812Captain John Surman Carden (1771-1858)BWAS-17931812 - 12.1812Captain Henry Raper (1767-1845)BWAS-1793

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.2.1799 - 1.1801Rear-Admiral of the Blue George Cranfield Berkeley (1753-1818)BWAS-17931.1801 - 1802Rear-Admiral of the Blue Edward Thornbrough (1754-1834)BWAS-1793

15 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.12.1794 - 28.3.1799Lieutenant John Bowker (1770-1847)NBD18491798Lieutenant George Arnaud FordBWAS-17931798Lieutenant George Argles (d.1831)BWAS-17931798 - 21.4.1798Lieutenant William Butterfield (1766-1842)BWAS-179312.9.1804 - 1805Lieutenant Edward William GarrettNAO12.9.1804 - 1806Lieutenant William GarrettNBD18491805Lieutenant Benjamin Patey (d.1808)NAO1805Lieutenant George DecoeurdouxNAO1805Lieutenant James BlackNAO1805 - 1806Lieutenant William PateyNBD18491805 - 22.10.1805First Lieutenant William Hennah (d.1806)NAO11.3.1805 - 9.8.1805Acting Lieutenant William Henry BoyceNAO10.8.1805 - 3.1806Lieutenant William Henry BoyceNAO9.1.1809 - 3.6.1813Lieutenant James BanceNBD184926.10.1809 - 27.6.1811Lieutenant Alexander Dundas Young Arbuthnott (1789-1871)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1798Purser Thomas Ligale Yates (d.1832)NBD184928.4.1805 - 1805Surgeon James TorkingtonNAO1.2.1806 - 21.9.1806Master Luke BrokenshaNAO

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1796 - 7.1798Midshipman Christopher William BettyNBD18491798Midshipman Thomas Southey (1777-1838)TRN41798 - 21.4.1798Midshipman James Blythe (d.1798)TRN41804 - 26.10.1809Midshipman Alexander Dundas Young Arbuthnott (1789-1871)NBD18491805 - 19.10.1807Midshipman Richard BastardNBD18499.1805 - 11.1805Midshipman Norwich Duff (1792-1862)ref:6161806 - 1808Midshipman Benjamin Aplin (1791-1860)NBD18491807 - 2.1813Midshipman John Kiddle (d.1851)NBD1849

15 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Servant Squire BadcockADM 171/81795Landman Richard StevensADM 171/81795Able Seaman John MontgomeryADM 171/81795Landman Thomas JohnsonADM 171/81795Ordinary Seaman William HowarthADM 171/81795Ordinary Seaman James GarrettADM 171/81795Able Seaman Edward DenisonADM 171/81795Servant Francis L BoltonADM 171/81795Ordinary Seaman William TuckerADM 171/81795Ordinary Seaman Christopher BlackburnADM 171/81795Servant Richard TaylorADM 171/82.3.1798 - 4.1802Unknown William BradleyNBD18492.2.1803 - 18.3.1803Able Seaman James CousinsADM 29/825.3.1806 - 7.18071st Class Volunteer Samuel BrokenshaNBD184924.12.1806 - 18071st Class Volunteer John Kiddle (d.1851)NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1798 - 21.4.1798Captain of Marines Joseph White (d.1798)TRN4

Service History


DateEventSource

10.1789Began building at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1793
25.10.1794Completed building at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £50270.0.0dBWAS-1793
25.10.1794Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1793
25.10.1794Took the Ship of the Line L'Hercule (74) off Brest
8.11.1794Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1793
16.6.1795First Battle of Groix
4.1797Spithead mutinyBWAS-1793
21.4.1798Mars vs Hercule
1799Blockade of RochefortBWAS-1793
6.4.1799

Sailed from Plymouth to join the Channel fleet

TNC
2.7.1799Attack on Spanish squadron in Aix roadsBWAS-1793
1801Blockade of BrestBWAS-1793
9.1802Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
3.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1793
4.1803Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
18.7.1806Took the Frigate Rhin (40) at the Action off Rochefort
25.9.1806Action off Rochefort
1807To the Baltic in the AutumnBWAS-1793
15.8.1807Second Battle of Copenhagen
22.10.1810Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1793
1812In the BalticBWAS-1793
12.1812Laid upBWAS-1793
1813fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
10.1823Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1793

 

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