Mars

5283
Nominal Guns74B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.1.1788BWAS-1793
Keel Laid Down10.1789BWAS-1793
Named23.10.1788BWAS-1793
Launched25.10.1794B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard B028
Ship ClassMars Class
Designed bySir John Henslow (1730-1815)BWAS-1793
ConstructorMartin Ware (d.1801)BWAS-1793
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up10.1823B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck176' 0"Imperial Feet53.6448 
Length of Keel144' 1"Imperial Feet43.8918 
Breadth49' 2"Imperial Feet14.9408 
Depth in Hold20' 0 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087 
Draught Forward12' 7"Imperial Feet3.7465 
Draught Aft17' 5"Imperial Feet5.1997 
Burthen1,852 6294Tons BM 

Armament


25.10.1794Broadside Weight = 880 Imperial Pound ( 399.08 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 9-Pounder

1805Broadside Weight = 1080 Imperial Pound ( 489.78 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 24-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 24-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
22.3.1788640Design Complement

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1794 - 2.1797CaptainCharles Cotton (1753-1812)BWAS-17932.1797 - 21.4.1798Captain Alexander Hood (1758-1798)BWAS-179321.4.1798 - 26.4.1798LieutenantWilliam Butterfield (1766-1842)BWAS-179326.4.1798 - 7.1798CaptainGeorge James ShirleyBWAS-17937.1798 - 5.1799CaptainJohn ManleyBWAS-17935.1799 - 1.1801CaptainJohn MonktonBWAS-17931.1801 - 9.1802CaptainRobert LloydBWAS-17933.1803 - 1804CaptainJohn SuttonBWAS-17934.1804 - 5.1805CaptainGeorge Duff (1764-1805)BWAS-17935.1805CaptainSamuel PymBWAS-17935.1805 - 21.10.1805CaptainGeorge Duff (1764-1805)BWAS-179322.10.1805 - 12.1805LieutenantWilliam Hennah (d.1806)BWAS-179312.1805 - 8.1806CaptainRobert Dudley OliverBWAS-17938.1806 - 1810CaptainWilliam LukinBWAS-17931810 - 1812CaptainJohn Surman Carden (1771-1858)BWAS-17931812 - 12.1812CaptainHenry Raper (1767-1845)BWAS-1793

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.2.1799 - 1.1801Rear-Admiral of the BlueGeorge Cranfield Berkeley (1753-1818)BWAS-17931.1801 - 1802Rear-Admiral of the BlueEdward Thornbrough (1754-1834)BWAS-1793

15 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.12.1794 - 28.3.1799LieutenantJohn Bowker (1770-1847)NBD18491798LieutenantGeorge Arnaud FordBWAS-17931798LieutenantGeorge Argles (d.1831)BWAS-17931798 - 21.4.1798LieutenantWilliam Butterfield (1766-1842)BWAS-179312.9.1804 - 1805LieutenantEdward William GarrettNAO12.9.1804 - 1806LieutenantWilliam GarrettNBD18491805 - 22.10.1805First LieutenantWilliam Hennah (d.1806)NAO1805LieutenantJames BlackNAO1805LieutenantBenjamin PateyNAO1805LieutenantGeorge DecoeurdouxNAO1805 - 1806LieutenantWilliam PateyNBD184911.3.1805 - 9.8.1805Acting LieutenantWilliam Henry BoyceNAO10.8.1805 - 3.1806LieutenantWilliam Henry BoyceNAO9.1.1809 - 3.6.1813LieutenantJames BanceNBD184926.10.1809 - 27.6.1811LieutenantAlexander Dundas Young Arbuthnott (1789-1871)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1798PurserThomas Ligale Yates (d.1832)NBD184928.4.1805 - 1805SurgeonJames TorkingtonNAO1.2.1806 - 21.9.1806MasterLuke BrokenshaNAO

8 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1796 - 7.1798MidshipmanChristopher William BettyNBD18491798MidshipmanThomas Southey (1777-1838)TRN41798 - 21.4.1798MidshipmanJames Blythe (d.1798)TRN41804 - 26.10.1809MidshipmanAlexander Dundas Young Arbuthnott (1789-1871)NBD18491805 - 19.10.1807MidshipmanRichard BastardNBD18499.1805 - 11.1805MidshipmanNorwich Duff (1792-1862)ref:6161806 - 1808MidshipmanBenjamin Aplin (1791-1860)NBD18491807 - 2.1813MidshipmanJohn Kiddle (d.1851)NBD1849

14 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1795Ordinary SeamanWilliam HowarthADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanJames GarrettADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanWilliam TuckerADM 171/81795Able SeamanEdward DenisonADM 171/81795ServantRichard TaylorADM 171/81795ServantFrancis L BoltonADM 171/81795LandmanRichard StevensADM 171/81795Ordinary SeamanChristopher BlackburnADM 171/81795Able SeamanJohn MontgomeryADM 171/81795ServantSquire BadcockADM 171/81795LandmanThomas JohnsonADM 171/82.3.1798 - 4.1802UnknownWilliam BradleyNBD184925.3.1806 - 7.18071st Class VolunteerSamuel BrokenshaNBD184924.12.1806 - 18071st Class VolunteerJohn Kiddle (d.1851)NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1798 - 21.4.1798Captain of MarinesJoseph White (d.1798)TRN4

Service History


DateEventSource

10.1789Began building at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
25.10.1794Completed building at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £50270.0.0dBWAS-1793
25.10.1794Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
25.10.1794Took the Third Rate Ship of the Line L'Hercule (74) off Brest
8.11.1794Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1793
16.6.1795First Battle of Groix
4.1797Spithead mutinyBWAS-1793
21.4.1798Mars vs Hercule
1799Blockade of RochefortBWAS-1793
6.4.1799

Sailed from Plymouth to join the Channel fleet

TNC
2.7.1799Attack on Spanish squadron in Aix roadsBWAS-1793
1801Blockade of BrestBWAS-1793
9.1802Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
3.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1793
4.1803Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
18.7.1806Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Rhin (40) at the Action off Rochefort
25.9.1806Action off Rochefort
1807To the Baltic in the AutumnBWAS-1793
15.8.1807Second Battle of Copenhagen
22.10.1810Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1793
1812In the BalticBWAS-1793
12.1812Laid upBWAS-1793
1813fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1793
10.1823Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1793


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
TRN4The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IVWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
TNCThe Naval ChronicalVariousPeriodical
 

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