Ruby -> 1744 Mermaid

Nominal Guns54BWAS-1603
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Fourth Rate ship of the line 'Ruby' (1652) (42)
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Ship Class1706 Establishment 54-GunnerB028
Constructor Joseph Allin (d.1716)BWAS-1603
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1603
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck130' 4 ¾"Imperial Feet39.6431 
Length of Keel108' 0"Imperial Feet32.9184 
Breadth35' 2"Imperial Feet10.6782 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen707 794Tons BM 


25.3.1708Broadside Weight = 228 Imperial Pound ( 103.398 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1744Broadside Weight = 252 Imperial Pound ( 114.282 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
11.1693280Design Complement
1744250As a 44-gun Fifth RateBWAS-1603

15 Ship Commanders

10.4.1708 - 12.1.1709/10Captain John Lowen (d.1711) Transfered ADM 6/9/154BWAS-160313.1.1709/10 - 15.6.1710Captain Peter Chamberlain (d.1720) ADM 6/11/19BWAS-160316.6.1710 - 27.12.1710Captain Francis Wyvell (d.1729) Transfered ADM 6/11/53ADM 6/114.3.1711/12 - 27.8.1712Captain John Mitchell ADM 6/11/197BWAS-160328.8.1712 - 2.5.1715Captain George Paddon (1670-1719) ADM 6/11/221BWAS-16039.8.1739 - 4.12.1739Captain John Russell (d.1743/44) ADM 6/15/209ADM 6/155.12.1739 - 6.10.1740Captain Robert Fytche (d.1740)† Discharged Dead ADM 6/15/239BWAS-16035.11.1740 - 21.1.1740/41Captain Samuel Goodere (1687-1741) ADM 6/15/357BWAS-160322.1.1740/41 - 9.9.1743Captain Rowland Frogmere (d.1744) ADM 6/15/372BWAS-160323.1.1743/44 - 18.3.1743/44Captain Edward Peyton (d.1748) Transfered ADM 6/16/262BWAS-160319.3.1743/44 - 25.5.1744Captain James Douglas (1703-1787) ADM 6/16/280BWAS-160326.5.1744 - 22.5.1745Captain James Douglas (1703-1787) ADM 6/16/311ADM 6/1623.5.1745 - 20.8.1745CaptainThe Hon. William Montague (1720-1757) Transfered ADM 6/16/531
Issued by Peter Warren (1703-1752), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Confirmed 21.8.1745
22.6.1745 - 5.7.1745Captain Warwick Calmady (1711-1788) Transfered ADM 6/17/167
Issued by Peter Warren (1703-1752), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Confirmed 27.10.1746
6.7.1745 - 14.9.1747Captain Clark Gayton (1712-1787)BWAS-1603

17 Commissioned Officers

26.3.1708 - 21.7.1709First Lieutenant Charles Stanhope ADM 6/9/152ADM 6/926.3.1708 - 9.9.1711Second Lieutenant Samuel Percivall (d.1723) Transfered ADM 6/9/152ADM 6/922.7.1709 - 7.12.1711First Lieutenant Anthony Lochard ADM 6/10/77ADM 6/1010.9.1711 - 2.5.1715Second Lieutenant Thomas Longueville (d.1759) ADM 6/11/160ADM 6/118.12.1711 - 2.5.1715First Lieutenant William Hay (d.1728) ADM 6/11/181ADM 6/119.8.1739 - 13.8.1739First Lieutenant John Watson ADM 6/15/209ADM 6/159.8.1739 - 15.1.1740/41Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms William Powlett (c.1714-?) ADM 6/15/209ADM 6/1516.1.1740/41 - 11.6.1741Second Lieutenant William Powlett (c.1714-?) Transfered ADM 6/15/370ADM 6/1516.1.1740/41 - 11.6.1741Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms John Bishop ADM 6/15/370ADM 6/1512.6.1741 - 30.7.1742Second Lieutenant John Bishop ADM 6/16/427ADM 6/1531.7.1742 - 9.9.1743First Lieutenant John Bishop ADM 6/16/82ADM 6/162.2.1743/44 - 25.5.1744Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms John Skyrme ADM 6/16/266ADM 6/1627.3.1744 - 25.5.1744First Lieutenant Francis Stewart ADM 6/16/282ADM 6/1626.5.1744 - 13.4.1746First Lieutenant Francis Stewart ADM 6/16/319ADM 6/1626.5.1744 - 13.4.1746Second Lieutenant Thomas Churchill (c.1708-1757) Transfered ADM 6/16/319ADM 6/1626.5.1744 - 22.5.1745Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms John Skyrme ADM 6/16/319ADM 6/1614.4.1746 - 1.5.1746Second Lieutenant Thomas Riggs (c.1715-1754) Transfered ADM 6/17/87ADM 6/17

1 Warrant Officer

7.1.1712/13 - 2.5.1715Midshipman Extra Gilbert Bury ADM 6/11/238ADM 6/11

1 Petty Officer

20.12.1710 - 25.1.1711/12Volunteer-per-order Lancelot Whitehall ADM 107/3/30ADM 107/3

2 Crewmen

10.4.1710 - 20.12.1710Ordinary Seaman Lancelot Whitehall ADM 107/3/30ADM 107/32.1711 - 27.3.1711Volunteer George Anson (1697-1762) TransferedE-WIKI

Service History

3.1707/8Comissioned for the North SeaBWAS-1603
1710With the Dunkirk squadron and in the North SeaBWAS-1603
1712In the ChannelBWAS-1603
1713Sailed to the Mediterranean and SaleeBWAS-1603
1715Returned homeBWAS-1603
5.1715Began great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1603
2.5.1715Paid offADM 51
8.1716Completed great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £7558.18.1dBWAS-1603
1740In the Bristol ChannelBWAS-1603
7.1740Fitting outBWAS-1603
1741In the Irish Sea for the Winter of 1741/42BWAS-1603
1742Off Africa for the Winter of 1742/43BWAS-1603
1743In the ChannelBWAS-1603
9.1743Refitted as a 44 gun Fifth Rate Ship
9.1743Began middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1603
9.9.1743Paid offADM 51
1.1744Recommissioned for VirginiaBWAS-1603
3.1743/44Completed middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £10099.18.2dBWAS-1603
23.5.1744Renamed MermaidBWAS-1603
19.5.1745Took the Ship of the Line Le Vigilant (64)
1747Sailed to New EnglandBWAS-1603
14.9.1747Paid offADM 51
9.1.1747/48Ordered to be soldBWAS-1603
19.5.1748Sold at Chatham for £346BWAS-1603


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