Saint Andrew -> 1650 Andrew -> 1660 Saint Andrew

56
Nominal Guns42B028
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered2.1622BWAS-1603
Launched1622BWAS-1603
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard B028
CategorySecond RateB028
Ship TypeGreat Ship
Wrecked3.9.1666BWAS-1603

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel110' 0"Imperial Feet33.528 
Breadth37' 0"Imperial Feet11.2776 
Depth in Hold16' 6"Imperial Feet4.9022 
Burthen895Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen587Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel110' 0"Imperial Feet33.528 
Breadth36' 5"Imperial Feet10.994 
Depth in Hold14' 8"Imperial Feet4.318 
Burthen587Baker's Rule Tons 
Burthen783Tons and Tonnage 

Armament


1625Broadside Weight = 267 Imperial Pound ( 121.0846 kg)B065
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck16 British Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck4 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Falcon
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 598.5 Imperial Pound ( 271.41995 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck20 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck20 British Culverin
Gun Deck17 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck8 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1625250Establishment of 150 Mariners, 30 gunners and 70 SoldiersB065
3.1651/52280 BWAS-1603
1653360 BWAS-1603
1660280 BWAS-1603
1666360Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1666280Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1666260Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

11 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1628CaptainThomas KettlebyBWAS-16031635CaptainWalter StewartBWAS-16031636CaptainSir John Pennington (d.1646)BWAS-16031638Vice-AdmiralSir John Pennington (d.1646)BWAS-16031643 - 1646CaptainWilliam Batten (c.1600-1667)BWAS-16031649UnknownSir George Ayscue (d.1672)BWAS-16031652CaptainEdward HallW0141653CaptainGeorge DakinsBWAS-16031656 - 1657CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-160315.4.1664 - 25.6.1664CommodoreThomas Allin (1612-1685)BWAS-16033.1.1664/65 - 16.1.1666/67CaptainValentine PyendB051

5 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1641AdmiralSir John Pennington (d.1646)BWAS-16032.1646 - 1646Vice-AdmiralWilliam Batten (c.1600-1667)W0151650General at SeaEdward Popham (1610-1651)W0149.1652 - 1653Rear-AdmiralNehemiah Bourne (d.1691)BWAS-16031653 - 31.7.1653Rear-Admiral of the WhiteThomas Graves (d.1653)BWAS-1603

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1663 - 1664LieutenantPhilemon Bacon (d.1666)B0511664LieutenantWilliam Hammond (d.1667)B051

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1650 - 14.2.1649/50GunnerWilliam CaneSPD-164914.2.1649/50 - 1650GunnerAndrew JacksonSPD-16499.2.1651/52 - 1652GunnerThomas JemsonSPD-1651-2

Service History


DateEventSource
1623Under Lord Morley, for voyage to SpainBWAS-1603
1625Under Lord Dembeigh and Capt. Watts, for CadizBWAS-1603
1625Attack on Cadiz
6.1641In the DownsSPD-1664-5
1650Renamed AndrewBWAS-1603
3.1651/52Refitted as a 52 gun Second Rate
19.5.1652Battle of Dover
28.9.1652Battle of Kentish Knock
1653At Chatham for the WinterBWAS-1603
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
31.7.1653Battle of Scheveningen
12.1653Refitted as a 58 gun Second Rate
1654Blake's fleet in the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
4.4.1655Battle of Porto Farina
1660Refitted as a 56 gun Second Rate
5.1660Renamed Saint AndrewBWAS-1603
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
17.11.1665

Came up the river to Chatham in company with the Unicorn and the Vanguard

BG
1666Refitted as a 66 gun Second Rate
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
3.9.1666Driven ashore near Rye in a galeBWAS-1603
25.11.1666Run ashore to be stripped and broken up, having been salved and deemed not worthy of repairBWAS-1603

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16451645Summer Guard of 1645 
16501650Summer Guard of 1650 
1650/02/141652Fleet sent to LisbonRobert Blake (1598-1657)
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Edward Montagu (d.1672)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
W014Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
W015English Parliamentary JournalsVariousWeb Site
SPD-1649Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1649-50Mary Anne Everett Green (editor)Book
SPD-1651-2Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1651-2Mary Anne Everett Green (editor)Book
SPD-1664-5Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles II, 1664-5Mary Anne Everett Green (editor)Book
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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