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Oxford

571
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered29.6.1723BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down13.3.1723/24BWAS-1714
Launched10.7.1727BWAS-1714
First Commissioned2.4.1729BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
Ship Class1719 Establishment 50-Gunner (1719)BWAS-1714
Constructor
Joseph AllinBritish
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1718-1746
BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up10.1758BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck134' 6"Imperial Feet40.8477 
Length of Keel109' 10"Imperial Feet33.2232 
Breadth36' 3"Imperial Feet10.9855 
Depth in Hold15' 2"Imperial Feet4.5822 
Burthen767 6694Tons BM 

Armament


1727Broadside Weight = 315 Imperial Pound ( 142.8525 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1727280EstablishmentBWAS-1714

10 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
2.4.1729 - 31.12.1730Captain
The Hon. Vere BeauclerkBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1717-1771
ADM 6/14/20
BWAS-1714
17.2.1735/36 - 8.11.1736Captain
William SwaleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1736
† Discharged Dead ADM 6/19/90
BWAS-1714
26.4.1737 - 27.7.1738Captain
Charles DennisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1710-1742
Transfered ADM 6/15/61
ADM 6/15
16.5.1738 - 11.6.1739Captain
Thomas GriffinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1709-1762
Transfered ADM 6/15/117
ODNB
12.6.1739 - 16.6.1740Captain
James ComptonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1743
ADM 6/15/183
BWAS-1714
19.8.1740 - 29.7.1741Captain
John RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1721-1744
Transfered ADM 6/16/424
Issued by
Nicholas HaddockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1699-1744
, The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 15.1.1743/44
BWAS-1714
30.7.1741 - 14.3.1744/45Captain
Harry PowlettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1775
ADM 6/16/444
Confirmed 19.2.1744/45
BWAS-1714
14.9.1745 - 18.12.1747Captain
Smith CallisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1760
ADM 6/16/544
BWAS-1714
18.12.1747 - 4.3.1748/49Captain
Edmund TollBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1762
ADM 6/17/298
BWAS-1714
1.7.1755 - 12.5.1757Captain
William HarmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1763
Transfered ADM 6/18/177
BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1756 - 5.1757Vice-Admiral
Thomas SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1758
BWAS-1714

19 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.4.1729 - 31.12.1730First Lieutenant
William CoulseaBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1700-1737
ADM 6/15/21
ADM 6/14
4.4.1729 - 31.12.1730Second Lieutenant
Richard EdwardsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1712-1770
ADM 6/14/21
ADM 6/14
4.4.1729 - 31.12.1730Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Franklyn LushingtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1722-1735
ADM 6/14/21
ADM 6/14
13.2.1735/36 - 26.4.1737Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Charles Wager PurvisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1756
ADM 6/15/7
ADM 6/15
26.4.1737 - 27.2.1737/38First Lieutenant
Robert SwantonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1724-1764
Transfered ADM 6/15/60
ADM 6/15
26.4.1737 - 15.5.1738Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Thomas GriffinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1747
ADM 6/15/61
ADM 6/15
16.5.1738 - 17.8.1738First Lieutenant
Andrew HawesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1741
Transfered ADM 6/15/119
ADM 6/15
16.5.1738 - 3.4.1742Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Thomas GriffinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1747
Transfered ADM 6/15/119
ADM 6/15
18.8.1738 - 20.5.1740First Lieutenant
Thomas StrachyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1738
† Discharged Dead ADM 6/15/140
ADM 6/15
21.3.1738/39 - 11.6.1739Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Edward EdmondsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1741
ADM 6/15/413
Confirmed 27.4.1741
ADM 6/15
29.4.1741 - 22.9.1744Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
Salkeld John ProctorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1759
ADM 6/17/126
Issued by
Joseph HaddockBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1672-1688

Confirmed 7.7.1746
ADM 6/17
7.4.1742 - 14.3.1744/45First Lieutenant
Charles BakerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1730-1748
ADM 6/16/424
ADM 6/16
22.9.1744 - 14.3.1744/45Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
William Saltern WillettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1770
ADM 6/16/425
ADM 6/16
19.1.1746/47 - 5.5.1747First Lieutenant
Salkeld John ProctorBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1759
ADM 6/17/192
ADM 6/17
19.1.1746/47 - 5.5.1747Second Lieutenant
Cheney HurtBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1709-1757
ADM 6/17/192
ADM 6/17
5.5.1747 - 4.3.1748/49First Lieutenant
Cheney HurtBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1709-1757
ADM 6/17/222
ADM 6/17
5.5.1747 - 4.11.1747Second Lieutenant
David PryceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1775
ADM 6/17/222
ADM 6/17
4.11.1747 - 4.3.1748/49Second Lieutenant
John PopkinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1759
ADM 6/17/280
ADM 6/17
10.7.1755 - 16.5.1757Second Lieutenant
John CrispoBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1771
ADM 6/18/179
ADM 6/18

6 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
6.4.1729 - 31.12.1730Midshipman
James RootsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1724-1742
ADM 107/2/24
ADM 107/2
27.11.1736 - 6.12.1737Midshipman Ordinary
Jonathon RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1730-1757
ADM 107/3/342
ADM 107/3
1737 - 23.2.1737/38Midshipman
Thomas FranklandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1775
ODNB
7.12.1737 - 19.2.1737/38Midshipman
Jonathon RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1730-1757
Transfered ADM 107/3/342
ADM 107/3
22.3.1738 - 30.3.1738Midshipman
Henry SpekeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1730-1760
Transfered ADM 107/3/328
ADM 107/3
19.1.1739/40 - 27.11.1740Master's Mate
Richard BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1756
ADM 107/3/403
ADM 107/3

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
8.12.1748 - 8.8.1749Able Seaman
Robert GregoryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1748-1769
Transfered ADM 107/4/322
ADM 107/4

Service History


DateEventSource
7.1727Commissioned for the BalticBWAS-1714
1729Sailed to NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
31.12.1730

Paid off

ADM 51
1.1731Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
2.1731Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £1424.5.6dBWAS-1714
5.1737Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
6.1737Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £1383.5.10dBWAS-1714
9.8.1739Took the Privateer
Santa Rosalia 1739-1739
Spanish Privateer Unknown
In the Mediterranean

13.6.1742At St TropezBWAS-1714
10.2.1743/44Battle of Toulon
24.7.1744Took the Privateer
La Notre Dame de Grace 1744-1744
French Privateer Unknown

10.1744Sailed for homeBWAS-1714
14.3.1744/45Paid offADM 51
8.1745Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
4.1747Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15890.11.7dBWAS-1714
12.10.1748Battle of Havana
4.3.1748/49Paid off at Portsmouth Dockyard ADM 106
19.6.1749SurveyedBWAS-1714
11.1750Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
7.1751Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3279.14.5dBWAS-1714
1756Flagship in the DownsBWAS-1714
16.5.1757

Paid off

ADM 51
7.4.1758SurveyedBWAS-1714
15.8.1758SurveyedBWAS-1714
21.8.1758Ordered to be broken up by the AdmiraltyBWAS-1714
10.1758Break up completed at PlymouthBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Monday 16th of May 2022 06:45

Albert, I don't have a record for Tyrwit Cayley commanding the Marlborough. As far as I am aware he was commanding the Lancaster during the period. Commission date of 15th May 1738 ADM 6/15/116.There is a letter  ADM 354/119/150 dated  dated 8th September 1742 at Spithead.  "Extract of letter from Captain Cayley of the Lancaster. Arrived at Spithead yesterday with the Portsmouth Storeship and 13 transports with the regiments from Minorca and Gibraltar with a list of transports and a copy letter from William Wilde, Master of the Matilda Transport." The ship was paid off 12th Nov 1742.


Posted by Albert Parker on Sunday 15th of May 2022 21:56

Cy, That's strange about Russell's appointment to the Marlborough because Tyrwit Cayley, Marlborough's previous commander, was recorded as present at the council of war Haddock held with his 8 senior captains when he encountered both the Spanish and French fleets off Cartagena on December 8/19, 1741; Russell was also present. Powlett was was not senior enough. Perhaps Cayley had asked to be relieved but remained on the flagship, but if he was going to go home, it's odd that he did not stay at Gibraltar when the fleet sailed on December 1/12, so that he could take passage on the next ship for England. It looks like Powlett moved up from the Folkestone, 20. Haddock enclosed the council of war's minutes with a report to Secretary of the Admiralty Corbett dated December 9 (ADM 1/380).


Posted by Cy on Sunday 15th of May 2022 08:05

Hi Albert
There are two Thomas Griffins, probably related although I can't confirm that, they served concuurently at one point, but by 1740 the captin had move on and was commanding the Princess Caroline (80).

John Russell was issued a commission to command the Oxford on 19th August 1740, the Marlborough on 25th Nov 1741, the Somerset on 30 July 1741 and the Namur on 21 Sep 1742. These commissions, ADM 6/16/424 were issued locally by R.A. Nicholas Haddock C-in-C Mediterranean, all confirmed 15 Jan 1744, so the dates of issue are likely to be the dates the post was taken up.


Posted by Albert Parker on Sunday 15th of May 2022 01:33

I recently obtained through a researcher in London some pages from the captain's journal of /Oxford/. The title page photographed by the researcher reads, "A Journal of His Majs Ship ye Oxford between the 30th May 1740 & 7th Apl 1742" and is signed "Thos Griffin". This might be a lieutenant's journal that got mixed in with the captains' journals (perhaps the captain's wasn't received?), but . . .

The captain's journal for /Marlborough/ for time period of interest (Dec. 12–24, 1741, in the British calendar) is labelled "Marlborough Capn Jno Russell" followed by a date of "Nov 1741", which might be the end month of the journal or the month it was received at the Admiralty. But Russell could not have been captain of both ships.

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