Severn

578
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered13.5.1734BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down10.2.1734/35BWAS-1714
Launched28.3.1739BWAS-1714
First Commissioned10.8.1739
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Ship Class1733 Establishment 50-Gunner
ConstructorPeirson Lock (d.1755)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured18.10.1746BWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Fourth Rate ship of the line 'Severn' (1746) (48)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck134' 0"Imperial Feet40.8432 
Length of Keel108' 3"Imperial Feet32.9279 
Breadth38' 6"Imperial Feet11.6015 
Depth in Hold15' 9"Imperial Feet4.6177 
Burthen853 4494Tons BM 

Armament


28.3.1739Broadside Weight = 315 Imperial Pound ( 142.8525 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1733300Design Complement

4 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
10.8.1739 - 30.6.1740CaptainJohn Forbes (1714-1796) ADM 6/15/109BWAS-171430.6.1740 - 5.6.1743CaptainEdward Legge (d.1747) ADM 6/15/302BWAS-171429.12.1742 - 15.6.1744CaptainJohn Pritchard (d.1777) ADM 6/16/129BWAS-171416.6.1744 - 18.10.1746CaptainWilliam Lisle (d.1751/52) ADM 6/17/233
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 5.6.1747
BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1746 - 18.10.1746CommodoreCharles Knowles (1704-1777)BWAS-1714

13 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.8.1739 - 24.7.1740First LieutenantAlexander Gordon (d.1743) ADM 6/15/210ADM 6/1514.8.1739 - 29.6.1740Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsHugh Forbes (d.1750) ADM 6/15/210ADM 6/1530.6.1740 - 7.7.1740Second LieutenantHugh Forbes (d.1750) ADM 6/15/304ADM 6/1525.7.1740 - 10.5.1742First LieutenantHenry Stewart (d.1746) ADM 6/16/315ADM 6/1529.12.1742 - 28.4.1743Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsHenry Bassett (d.c.1749) ADM 6/16/129ADM 6/1629.4.1743 - 11.8.1744Second LieutenantHenry Bassett (d.c.1749) ADM 6/16/175ADM 6/161.7.1744 - 28.10.1744First LieutenantJames Galbraith (c.1717-1782) ADM 6/17/226
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 12.5.1747
ADM 6/17
12.8.1744 - 28.10.1744Second LieutenantThe Hon. Richard Harve ADM 6/16/525
Commission confirmed 8.8.1745
ADM 6/16
12.8.1744 - 28.10.1744Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsMichael Hinde ADM 6/17/473
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 3.7.1749
ADM 6/17
28.10.1744 - 28.4.1745First LieutenantThe Hon. Richard Harve ADM 6/16/525
Commission confirmed 8.8.1745
ADM 6/16
28.10.1744 - 11.11.1745Second LieutenantMichael Hinde ADM 6/17/473
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 3.7.1749
ADM 6/17
28.10.1744 - 18.10.1746Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsThomas Compton (d.1748) ADM 6/17/216
Issued by Charles Knowles (1704-1777), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 23.3.1746/47
ADM 6/17
11.11.1745 - 18.10.1746Second LieutenantJohn Selden ADM 6/17/229ADM 6/19

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
27.11.1742 - 28.7.1744MasterJohn Bagster (1720-1792) ADM 6/86/2ADM 6/86

Service History


DateEventSource
3.1738/39Began Completed at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
8.1739Commissioned for the ChannelBWAS-1714
23.9.1739Completed Completed at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £13724.19.6dBWAS-1714
7.1740Sailed with Anson's squadronBWAS-1714
4.1742Arrived homeBWAS-1714
10.1742Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
1743Recommissioned for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
3.1742/43Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £6311.15.2dBWAS-1714
1746Convoy escort from the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
10.8.1746Action of 1746-10-18
18.10.1746Taken in the ChannelBWAS-1714
18.10.1746Taken by Le Terrible (78) in the Channel, Neptune (74) in the Channel
14.10.1747Retaken by Hawke's fleet, but not re-added to the navy and broken up in 1747BWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1740/06/191744/06/14Anson's CircumnavigationGeorge Anson (1697-1762)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/15ADM 6/15 Commission and Warrant Book 1735 26 Dec.-1742 4 Jan. Archive
ADM 6/16ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ADM 6/86ADM 6/86 Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1744-1747 Archive
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Tuesday 29th of April 2014 21:20

The Gentleman's magazine. v. 11 (1741).
Letter by way of Portugal, from Capt. Legge, of his Majesty's ship Severn, one of Commodore Anson's squadron dated at Rio Janerio, July 1741, brings the following account:
That Commodore Anson, with the fleet under his command, sailed from the Island of St. Catherine on the 19th of January last, and, after meeting with hard gales of wind, in which the Pearl lost company, anchored the 19th of Feb. at Port St. Julian's, that during the time the Pearl was separated, Capt. Kidd, the Commander thereof died, and the ship was chased off Pepy's Island by a squadron of Spanish men of war of five sail; that the Commodore appointed Capt.
Murray to succeed him at Port St. Julian's. They then left St. Julian's Feb. 7 and March 7, passed the Straits of La Maire with great success and fair weather, but the next day they met with fresh gales, which from that time increased to such hard gales from N.N.W. to W.N.W. with such prodigious seas as exceeded any they had seen before which tore their shrouds and sails, and sprung their yards and masts. That on the 10th of April they were in latitude 55d. 55m. and longitude 91d. 54m. and that night they lost sight of the Commodore and all the squadron except the Pearl, and on the 13th in the morning they saw the land at day-break from the W.N.W. to the S.E. very high, and not above 5 leagues distance, upon sight of which they endeavoured to wear which they were more that an hour before they could perform then stood to the westward as much as the winds would permit them; but the winds coming to N.W. and by W? and W.N.W. and blowing a almost continual storm for 40 days, together exceeding great seas they beat most of their time under reef?s courses, that on the 1st of June they spoke with a Portuguese vessel bound to Ba?ia who told them Cape Frio bore W.S.W. 30 leagues; and on the 6th of June by the great mercy of God, they arrived safe in this Port where they were received with exceeding great friendship and humanity after having lost a great number of men by fatigue and sickness.

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