Phoenix

5795
Nominal Guns44BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.1.1758BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down2.1758BWAS-1714
Named14.6.1759BWAS-1714
Launched25.6.1759BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardBatson's Yard - Limehouse Hole BWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorRobert Batson (1735-1806)BWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Foundered4.10.1780BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck140' 9"Imperial Feet42.6777 
Length of Keel116' 10 ⅞"Imperial Feet35.379 
Breadth36' 9 ¾"Imperial Feet10.9919 
Depth in Hold15' 11 ½"Imperial Feet4.5847 
Draught Forward17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Draught Aft18' 2"Imperial Feet5.4928 
Burthen842 6794Tons BM 

Armament


6.1759Broadside Weight = 282 Imperial Pound ( 127.887 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder

1763Broadside Weight = 285 Imperial Pound ( 129.2475 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.6.1759 - 4.7.1759CaptainHRH Prince Edward Augustus (Prince Edward) (1738/39-1767) ADM 6/19/71BWAS-17144.7.1759 - 29.11.1762CaptainChristopher Codrington (c.1729-1772) ADM 6/19/76BWAS-171429.11.1762 - 22.5.1763CaptainRichard Onslow (1741-1817) ADM 6/19/452BWAS-171417.6.1763 - 6.1766CaptainArchibald Cleveland (d.1766)† ADM 6/19/513BWAS-17144.9.1766 - 1.10.1766CaptainJohn Macartney (c.1730-1781) ADM 6/20/136BWAS-17141.10.1766 - 16.9.1767CaptainRobert Alexander Lambert (1732-1801) ADM 6/20/138BWAS-171416.9.1767 - 7.10.1768CaptainJohn Hollwall (c.1723-1775) ADM 6/20/180BWAS-17147.10.1768 - 17.10.1770CaptainGeorge Anthony Tonyn (c.1735-1770)† ADM 6/20/217BWAS-171429.10.1770 - 1.11.1770CaptainJohn Jackson (c.1726-1778) ADM 6/20/306ADM 6/201.11.1770 - 3.11.1770CaptainHenry Martin (1733-1794) ADM 6/20/308ADM 6/203.11.1770 - 9.1.1771CaptainCharles Saxton (c.1732-c.1808) ADM 6/20/308ADM 6/204.7.1775 - 4.10.1780CaptainHyde Parker (1739-1807) ADM 6/21/101BWAS-1714

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
24.7.1764 - 6.2.1765MidshipmanJoseph FurserLPC

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
23.10.1763 - 24.7.1764Able SeamanJoseph FurserLPC

Service History


DateEventSource
25.6.1759building at Limehouse - London at a cost of £10557.6.6dBWAS-1714
25.6.1759Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
26.7.1759Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £5272.18.7dBWAS-1714
1763In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
22.5.1763

Paid off

BWAS-1714
6.1763RecommissionedBWAS-1714
24.9.1763Sailed for the coast of AfricaBWAS-1714
19.5.1765Sailed for a mission to AlgiersBWAS-1714
12.9.1766

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1766RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.12.1766Sailed for AfricaBWAS-1714
3.12.1767Sailed for AfricaBWAS-1714
16.12.1768Sailed for AfricaBWAS-1714
7.11.1770

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.1773Began great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1774Completed great repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £15555.15.11dBWAS-1714
7.1775RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1775Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
8.1775Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3480.15.4dBWAS-1714
14.9.1775Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
2.7.1776Staten Island Landings
9.10.1776Action in the Hudson RiverBWAS-1714
9.10.1776Took the Galley Crane (8) in the North River
9.10.1776Took the Galley Independence (1) in the North River
22.7.1778Encounter at Sandy Hook
12.1778At SavannahBWAS-1714
5.1779Began coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
7.1779Completed coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £5685.2.5dBWAS-1714
9.1779Relief of GuernseyBWAS-1714
25.12.1779Sailed with a convoy for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
4.10.1780Foundered in a hurricane off CubaBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
LPCLieutenant's Passing Certificate Document
 

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