Vanguard

59
Nominal Guns56B065
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Second Rate great ship 'Vanguard' (1615) (40)
Ordered29.10.1630BWAS-1603
Launched21.4.1631BWAS-1603
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardWoolwich - London B065
ConstructorJohn BrightBWAS-1603
CategorySecond RateB065
Ship TypeGreat Ship B065
Sunk as Blockship12.6.1667B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel112' 0"Imperial Feet34.1376 
Breadth36' 4"Imperial Feet10.9897 
Depth in Hold13' 10"Imperial Feet3.9624 
Burthen750Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen731Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel112' 0"Imperial Feet34.1376 
Breadth36' 4"Imperial Feet10.9897 
Depth in Hold13' 10"Imperial Feet3.9624 
Draught Aft17' 0"Imperial Feet5.1816 
Burthen563Baker's Rule Tons 
Burthen751Tons and Tonnage 

Armament


1631Broadside Weight = 264.5 Imperial Pound ( 119.9509 kg)TRINITY
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck14 British Culverin
Gun Deck14 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck6 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Minions
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 497 Imperial Pound ( 225.3898 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck20 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1652300EstablishmentW014
3.1651/52260 BWAS-1603
1653300 BWAS-1603
1660280Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603
1666320Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1666280Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1666240Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

18 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1633CaptainJohn Pennington (d.1646)W0141635 - 1637CaptainJohn Mennes (d.1671)BWAS-16033.1634/35 - 10.1635CaptainSir Francis SydenhamW01411.1635 - 1636CaptainSir John Pennington (d.1646)W0141639Rear-AdmiralJohn PoveyBWAS-16031642CaptainRichard BlytheBWAS-16031642CaptainBryan HarrisonBWAS-16033.6.1652 - 16.7.1652CaptainThomas HarrisonW0146.7.1652 - 10.1652CaptainRichard Haddock (1581-1660)W01410.1652 - 18.2.1652/53CaptainJohn Mildmay (d.1653)W01416.3.1652/53 - 1653Vice-Admiral of the BlueJoseph Jordan (1603-1685)BWAS-16031654CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-160323.2.1664/65 - 17.6.1665CaptainJonas PooleB05118.6.1665 - 20.9.1665CaptainRobert MoultonBWAS-16037.1665 - 2.1666CaptainRobert AndersonB05123.9.1665 - 31.3.1666CaptainMartin Carslake (d.1670)BWAS-16036.2.1665/66 - 1.6.1666CaptainJohn WhittyBWAS-16033.6.1666 - 30.11.1666CaptainAnthony Langston (d.1678/79)BWAS-1603

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
2.1653General at SeaGeorge Monk (d.1669/70)BWAS-1603

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1665 - 6.1666First LieutenantAnthony Langston (d.1678/79)B051

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
14.5.1692 - 23.1.1692/93Master's MateRobert Jenkinson (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/27ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
16.8.1652Battle of Plymouth
28.9.1652Battle of Kentish Knock
30.11.1652Battle of Dungeness
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
31.7.1653Battle of Scheveningen
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
17.11.1665

Came up the river to Chatham in company with the Unicorn and the Saint Andrew

BG
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
9.6.1667Raid on the Medway
12.6.1667Sunk as a blockship at Rochester to bar the upper Medway to the DutchBWAS-1603
7.2.1667/68Wreck soldBWAS-1603

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16421642Summer Guard of 1642Sir John Pennington (d.1646)
16451645Summer Guard of 1645 

Notes on Ship



The Vanguard was scuttled to prevent capture along with several other vessels. Unfortunatley the English were unable to raise her and she rotted were she was.

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
TRINITYTrinity House of Deptford Transactions, 1609-35G. G. Harris (editor)Book
W014Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
ADM 107/1ADM 107/1 1691-1703 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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