Lichfield

605
Litchfield
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered1.6.1744BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down24.7.1744BWAS-1714
Launched26.6.1746BWAS-1714
First Commissioned3.6.1746BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardKing's Yard - Harwich BWAS-1714
Ship Class1741 Establishment 50-GunnerBWAS-1714
Constructor John Barnard (1705-1784)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked29.11.1758BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck140' 2"Imperial Feet42.6733 
Length of Keel113' 9"Imperial Feet34.46 
Breadth40' 2 ¾"Imperial Feet12.2111 
Depth in Hold17' 3"Imperial Feet5.1925 
Burthen979 1994Tons BM 

Armament


26.6.1746Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1741300Design Complement

3 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
3.6.1746 - 23.6.1749Captain George Stepney (d.1753) ADM 6/17/110BWAS-171416.1.1755 - 5.4.1755Captain Charles Steevens (1705-1761) ADM 6/18/121ODNB5.4.1755 - 29.11.1758Captain Matthew Barton (1716-1795) ADM 6/18/152BWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.6.1746 - 23.2.1746/47First Lieutenant John Neale ADM 6/17/111ADM 6/184.6.1746 - 3.1.1746/47Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms John Burges (c.1721-c.1751) ADM 6/17/111ADM 6/1813.5.1747 - 23.6.1749Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms Robert Dugdale (d.1791) ADM 6/17/470
Issued by Henry Medley (d.1747), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 19.6.1749
ADM 6/17

Service History


DateEventSource
26.6.1746Completed at Harwich - Essex at a cost of £16503.3.3dBWAS-1714
26.6.1746Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
1747Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
5.1.1746/47Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £2803.18.9dBWAS-1714
1748In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
23.6.1749Paid off at Chatham Dockyard ADM 106
21.1.1749/50SurveyedBWAS-1714
4.1752Began small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
26.5.1752SurveyedBWAS-1714
7.1752Completed small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £2600.6.11dBWAS-1714
11.1754Began fitting at UnknownBWAS-1714
1.1755RecommissionedBWAS-1714
3.1755Completed fitting at a cost of £5742.8.11dBWAS-1714
22.4.1755Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
12.7.1756Took the Frégate-Vaisseau de 1er Ordre L'Arc en Ciel (50)
30.11.1756Took the Privateer Le Volcan
11.5.1757Took the Privateer Le Hasard (16)
1758Took the Privateer L'Invincible (16)
19.10.1758Sailed for GoreeBWAS-1714
29.11.1758Wrecked of the coast of MoroccoBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
27.4.1755-4.11.1755Fleet for North AmericaThe Hon. Edward Boscawen (1711-1761) 
16.10.1758-1.3.1759Expedition against Île de Gorée Augustus Keppel (1725-1786) 
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 10th of January 2018 19:04

Lichfield ran aground at around 6 am on 30 November 1758 on the Barbary Coast during a squall. 220 of the 350 crew managed to reach the shore, but were held as slaves for 18 months until ransomed with other Europeans for 170,000 dollars in April 1760.
According to the account of Lieutenant Southerland:
The voyage was prosperous till the 29th, when at eight in the evening I took charge of the watch, and the weather turned out very squally, with rain. At nine, it was extremely dark, with much lightning, the wind was varying from S.W. to W.N.W. At half past nine, had a very hard squall. Captain Barton staid till ten; and then left orders to keep sight of the Commodore, and what make sail the weather would permit. At eleven the Commodore bearing south, but the squalls were coming so heavy, we were obliged to hand the main top-sail, and at twelve o' clock, we were under our courses.
November 30th, at one in the morning, I left the deck in charge of the first lieutenant; the light, which we took to be the Commodore's, right ahead, bearing S. wind W.S.W. blowing very hard. At six in the morning I was awakened by a very great shock, and a confused noise of the men on deck. I ran up, thinking some ship had run afoul of us, for by my own reckoning, and that of every other person on the ship, we were at least 35 leagues distant from land; but, before I could reach the quarter-deck, the ship gave a great stroke upon the ground, and the sea broke over her.

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