Rainbow

6060
Nominal Guns64B065
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Second Rate galleon 'Rainbow' (1586) (26)
Acquired1617B065
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Constructor William BrightB065
CategorySecond RateB065
Ship TypeGreat Ship B065
Sunk as Breakwater1680B065

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel102' 0"Imperial Feet31.0896 
Breadth35' 0"Imperial Feet10.668 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen650Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen584Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel114' 0"Imperial Feet34.7472 
Breadth37' 10"Imperial Feet11.2776 
Depth in Hold15' 0"Imperial Feet4.572 
Burthen868Tons BM 

Armament


1625Broadside Weight = 249 Imperial Pound ( 112.9216 kg)B065
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck14 British Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck4 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Falcon
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 459.5 Imperial Pound ( 208.3835 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck18 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck10 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 515 Imperial Pound ( 233.553 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Middle Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck14 British Saker
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1625250150 Mariners, 30 Gunners and 70 soldiersB065
3.1651/52260 BWAS-1603
1653300 BWAS-1603
1660280 BWAS-1603
1680410Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1680335Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1680270Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

34 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1620CaptainSir Thomas Button (d.1634)BWAS-16031623Captain Henry Palmer (1582-1644)BWAS-16031625CaptainSir John Chudleigh (c.1584-aft.1633/34)BWAS-16031627Captain John WeddellBWAS-16031635Captain John PoveyBWAS-16031637Captain John PoveyBWAS-16031637Captain Walter StewartBWAS-16031639AdmiralSir John Pennington (d.1646)BWAS-16031640Captain David MurrayBWAS-16031642Captain Richard BlytheBWAS-16031642Captain John Mennes (d.1671)BWAS-16031642 - 1643Captain William Batten (c.1600-1667)BWAS-16031643Captain Peter AndrewsBWAS-16031643Captain Peter AndrewsW0141647Captain Bryan HarrisonBWAS-16031650Captain Thomas HarrisonBWAS-16031650Captain Leonard LidcottBWAS-16031651 - 1652AdmiralSir George Ayscue (d.1672)W0144.1653 - 9.1653Rear-Admiral of the Blue William Goodson (1610-1680)W0149.1653 - 1653Captain Peter StrongBWAS-16031656 - 1657Captain John StokesW0141657 - 1659Captain Eustace SmithBWAS-16031659Captain Anthony YoungBWAS-16031663Captain Mark HarrisonB0514.4.1663 - 22.9.1663Captain Thomas Allin (1612-1685)BWAS-16031665 - 1666Captain Roger Strickland (1640-1717)B0516.1.1664/65 - 20.10.1665Captain Willoughby Hannam (c.1621-1672)B05121.10.1665 - 30.11.1666Captain John HartBWAS-160325.9.1671 - 3.1.1671/72Captain John Ashby (d.1693)BWAS-16031672Captain Willoughby Hannam (c.1621-1672)TRN224.1.1671/72 - 3.10.1672Captain James Storey (d.1682)BWAS-16031.3.1672/73 - 10.10.1673Captain Mark HarrisonB05120.4.1678 - 30.8.1678Captain Anthony YoungBWAS-160330.11.1678 - 31.3.1680Captain Leonard Harris (d.1680)BWAS-1603

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1646 - 1646Vice-Admiral Thomas TrenchfieldW0151653 - 3.1652/53Vice-Admiral of the White James Peacock (d.1653)W014

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1663Lieutenant Henry Hide (d.1665)W0141664 - 1665Lieutenant John EarleB0511665 - 1667Lieutenant William CopowW0141665 - 1668Lieutenant Rowland Stepney (d.1676)W014

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1634 - 20.1.1633/34Gunner Henry Youngref:107021.1.1634 - 1634Gunner John Spencerref:1070

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1625Surgeon William Crowref:1027

Service History


DateEventSource
1621Attack on Algiers
1625Attack on Cadiz
5.11.1628Started a major "repair" which changed her dimensionsBWAS-1603
3.1628/29Re-launchedBWAS-1603
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and Dutch
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and DutchTRN2
3.7.1652

In the Downs

B117
16.8.1652Battle of Plymouth
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
31.7.1653Battle of Scheveningen
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
1678Guardship in the MedwayBWAS-1603
20.3.1679/80Sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1603


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1642-1642Summer Guard of 1642Sir John Pennington (d.1646) 
1645-1645Summer Guard of 1645  
1651-1652Fleet sent to BarbadosSir George Ayscue (d.1672) 
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659 Edward Montagu (d.1672) 
 

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