Rainbow

6060
Nominal Guns64B065
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Second Rate galleon 'Rainbow' (1586) (26)
Acquired1617B065
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard B028
ConstructorWilliam BrightB065
CategorySecond RateB065
Ship TypeGreat Ship
Sunk as Breakwater1680B065

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel102' 0"Imperial Feet31.0896 
Breadth35' 0"Imperial Feet10.668 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen650Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen584Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel114' 0"Imperial Feet34.7472 
Breadth37' 10"Imperial Feet11.2776 
Depth in Hold15' 0"Imperial Feet4.572 
Burthen868Tons BM 

Armament


1625Broadside Weight = 249 Imperial Pound ( 112.9216 kg)B065
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck14 British Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck4 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Falcon
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 459.5 Imperial Pound ( 208.3835 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck18 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck10 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 515 Imperial Pound ( 233.553 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Middle Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck14 British Saker
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1625250150 Mariners, 30 Gunners and 70 soldiersB065
3.1651/52260 BWAS-1603
1653300 BWAS-1603
1660280 BWAS-1603
1680410Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1680335Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1680270Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

34 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1620CaptainSir Thomas Button (d.1634)BWAS-16031623CaptainHenry Palmer (1582-1644)BWAS-16031625CaptainSir John Chudleigh (c.1584-aft.1633/34)BWAS-16031627CaptainJohn WeddellBWAS-16031635CaptainJohn PoveyBWAS-16031637CaptainJohn PoveyBWAS-16031637CaptainWalter StewartBWAS-16031639AdmiralSir John Pennington (d.1646)BWAS-16031640CaptainDavid MurrayBWAS-16031642CaptainRichard BlytheBWAS-16031642CaptainJohn Mennes (d.1671)BWAS-16031642 - 1643CaptainWilliam Batten (c.1600-1667)BWAS-16031643CaptainPeter AndrewsW0141643CaptainPeter AndrewsBWAS-16031647CaptainBryan HarrisonBWAS-16031650CaptainThomas HarrisonBWAS-16031650CaptainLeonard LidcottBWAS-16031651 - 1652AdmiralSir George Ayscue (d.1672)W0144.1653 - 9.1653Rear-Admiral of the BlueWilliam Goodson (1610-1680)W0149.1653 - 1653CaptainPeter StrongBWAS-16031656 - 1657CaptainJohn StokesW0141657 - 1659CaptainEustace SmithBWAS-16031659CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-16031663CaptainMark HarrisonB0514.4.1663 - 22.9.1663CaptainThomas Allin (1612-1685)BWAS-16031665 - 1666CaptainRoger Strickland (1640-1717)B0516.1.1664/65 - 20.10.1665CaptainWilloughby Hannam (d.1672)B05121.10.1665 - 30.11.1666CaptainJohn HartBWAS-160325.9.1671 - 3.1.1671/72CaptainJohn Ashby (d.1693)BWAS-16031672CaptainWilloughby Hannam (d.1672)TRN224.1.1671/72 - 3.10.1672CaptainJames Storey (d.1682)BWAS-16031.3.1672/73 - 10.10.1673CaptainMark HarrisonB05120.4.1678 - 30.8.1678CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-160330.11.1678 - 31.3.1680CaptainLeonard Harris (d.1680)BWAS-1603

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1646 - 1646Vice-AdmiralThomas TrenchfieldW0151653 - 3.1652/53Vice-Admiral of the WhiteJames Peacock (d.1653)W014

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1663LieutenantHenry Hide (d.1665)W0141664 - 1665LieutenantJohn EarleB0511665 - 1667LieutenantWilliam CopowW0141665 - 1668LieutenantRowland Stepney (d.1676)W014

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1634 - 20.1.1633/34GunnerHenry Youngref:107021.1.1634 - 1634GunnerJohn Spencerref:1070

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1625SurgeonWilliam Crowref:1027

Service History


DateEventSource
1621Attack on Algiers
1625Attack on Cadiz
5.11.1628Started a major "repair" which changed her dimensionsBWAS-1603
3.1628/29Re-launchedBWAS-1603
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and Dutch
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and DutchTRN2
3.7.1652

In the Downs

B117
16.8.1652Battle of Plymouth
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
31.7.1653Battle of Scheveningen
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
1678Guardship in the MedwayBWAS-1603
20.3.1679/80Sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1603

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16421642Summer Guard of 1642Sir John Pennington (d.1646)
16451645Summer Guard of 1645 
16511652Fleet sent to BarbadosSir George Ayscue (d.1672)
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Lord Edward Montagu (1st Earl of Sandwich) (d.1672)

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
B065 The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B028 Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
W014 Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
B051 Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
TRN2 The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
W015 English Parliamentary JournalsVariousWeb Site
ref:1070 Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1633-4 Book
ref:1027 The Manuscripts of the Earl Cowper, K. G., preserved at Melbourne Hall, Derbyshire vol I Book
B117 NRS Vol 013 - Papers relating to the First Dutch War 1652-54 Vol IUnknownBook
 

Previous comments on this pageno comments to display
Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages
Date postedByPage
Monday 16th of July 2018 04:28kayJohn Tracey
Friday 13th of July 2018 02:54colin walkerBritish First Rate ship of the line 'Caledonia' (1808) (120)
Wednesday 11th of July 2018 13:33Norman BishopFrancis Dansays (d.1754)
Tuesday 10th of July 2018 10:35Tim OakleyFrench Fifth Rate frigate 'Caroline' (1806) (40)
Tuesday 10th of July 2018 10:34Tim OakleyFrench Fifth Rate frigate 'Caroline' (1806) (40)