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Rainbow

6060
Nominal Guns64B065
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Previously
Acquired1617B065
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Constructor
William BrightBritish
Ship Builder
B065
CategorySecond RateB065
Ship TypeGreat ShipB065
Sunk as Breakwater1680B065

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel102' 0"Imperial Feet31.0896 
Breadth35' 0"Imperial Feet10.668 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen650Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen584Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel114' 0"Imperial Feet34.7472 
Breadth37' 10"Imperial Feet11.2776 
Depth in Hold15' 0"Imperial Feet4.572 
Burthen868Tons BM 

Armament


1625Broadside Weight = 249 Imperial Pound ( 112.9216 kg)B065
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck14 British Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck4 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Falcon
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 459.5 Imperial Pound ( 208.3835 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck18 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck10 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 515 Imperial Pound ( 233.553 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Middle Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck14 British Saker
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1625250150 Mariners, 30 Gunners and 70 soldiersB065
3.1651/52260 BWAS-1603
1653300 BWAS-1603
1660280 BWAS-1603
1680410Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1680335Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1680270Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

34 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
1620Captain
Sir Thomas ButtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1601-1629
BWAS-1603
1623Captain
Henry PalmerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1620-1641
BWAS-1603
1625Captain
Sir John ChudleighBritish
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Administrator
Service 1623-1629
BWAS-1603
1627Captain
John WeddellBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1627-1631
BWAS-1603
1635Captain
John PoveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1628-1660
BWAS-1603
1637Captain
Walter StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1635-1637
BWAS-1603
1637Captain
John PoveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1628-1660
BWAS-1603
1639Admiral
Sir John PenningtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1620-1643
BWAS-1603
1640Captain
David MurrayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1635-1642
BWAS-1603
1642Captain
Richard BlytheBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1641-1645
BWAS-1603
1642Captain
John MennesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1628-1662
BWAS-1603
1642 - 1643Captain
William BattenBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1628-1667
BWAS-1603
1643Captain
Peter AndrewsBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1635-1647
W014
1643Captain
Peter AndrewsBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1635-1647
BWAS-1603
1647Captain
Bryan HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1630-1647
BWAS-1603
1650Captain
Leonard LidcottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1648-1650
BWAS-1603
1650Captain
Thomas HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1647-1652
BWAS-1603
1651 - 1652Admiral
Sir George AyscueBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1672
W014
4.1653 - 9.1653Rear-Admiral of the Blue
William GoodsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1650-1659
W014
9.1653 - 1653Captain
Peter StrongBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1653
BWAS-1603
1656 - 1657Captain
John StokesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1649-1665
W014
1657 - 1659Captain
Eustace SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1644-1660
BWAS-1603
1659Captain
Anthony YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1647-1674
BWAS-1603
1663Captain
Mark HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1654-1673
B051
4.4.1663 - 22.9.1663Captain
Thomas AllinBritish
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1648-1678
BWAS-1603
1665 - 1666Captain
Roger StricklandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1661-1688
B051
6.1.1664/65 - 20.10.1665Captain
Willoughby HannamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1672
B051
21.10.1665 - 30.11.1666Captain
John HartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1672
BWAS-1603
25.9.1671 - 3.1.1671/72Captain
John AshbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1688
BWAS-1603
1672Captain
Willoughby HannamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1672
TRN2
24.1.1671/72 - 3.10.1672Captain
James StoreyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1678
BWAS-1603
1.3.1672/73 - 10.10.1673Captain
Mark HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1654-1673
B051
20.4.1678 - 30.8.1678Captain
Anthony YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1679
BWAS-1603
30.11.1678 - 31.3.1680Captain
Leonard HarrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1671
BWAS-1603

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1646 - 1646Vice-Admiral
Thomas TrenchfieldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1637-1646
W015
1653 - 3.1652/53Vice-Admiral of the White
James PeacockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1643-1653
W014

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1663Lieutenant
Henry HideBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1662-1665
W014
1664 - 1665Lieutenant
John EarleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1664-1669
B051
1665 - 1667Lieutenant
William CopowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1675
W014
1665 - 1668Lieutenant
Rowland StepneyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1676
W014

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1634 - 20.1.1633/34Gunner
Henry YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1634
ref:1070
21.1.1634 - 1634Gunner
John SpencerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1634
ref:1070

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1625Surgeon
William CrowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1625
ref:1027

Service History


DateEventSource
1621Attack on Algiers
1625Attack on Cadiz
5.11.1628Started a major "repair" which changed her dimensionsBWAS-1603
3.1628/29Re-launchedBWAS-1603
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and Dutch
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and DutchTRN2
3.7.1652

In the Downs

NRS013
16.8.1652Battle of Plymouth
18.2.1652/53Battle of Portland
2.6.1653Battle of the Gabbard
31.7.1653Battle of Scheveningen
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
1678Guardship in the MedwayBWAS-1603
20.3.1679/80Sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1603


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1642-1642Summer Guard of 1642
Sir John PenningtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1620-1643
 
1645-1645Summer Guard of 1645  
1651-1652Fleet sent to Barbados
Sir George AyscueBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1672
 
1659-1659British Baltic Fleet 1659
Edward MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1656-1672
 
 

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