Nominal Guns64B065
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Second Rate galleon 'Rainbow' (1586) (26)
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard B028
ConstructorWilliam BrightB065
CategorySecond RateB065
Ship TypeGreat Ship
Sunk as Breakwater1680B065


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel102' 0"Imperial Feet31.0896 
Breadth35' 0"Imperial Feet10.668 
Depth in Hold14' 0"Imperial Feet4.2672 
Burthen650Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Burthen584Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel114' 0"Imperial Feet34.7472 
Breadth37' 10"Imperial Feet11.2776 
Depth in Hold15' 0"Imperial Feet4.572 
Burthen868Tons BM 


1625Broadside Weight = 249 Imperial Pound ( 112.9216 kg)B065
Gun Deck2 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck14 British Culverin
Gun Deck12 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck4 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British Falcon
Gun Deck4 British Fowler

1666Broadside Weight = 459.5 Imperial Pound ( 208.3835 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck18 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck4 British Culverin
Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck10 British Saker

1677Broadside Weight = 515 Imperial Pound ( 233.553 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Middle Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck14 British Saker
Quarterdeck6 British Saker

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1625250150 Mariners, 30 Gunners and 70 soldiersB065
1652/03260 BWAS-1603
1653300 BWAS-1603
1660280 BWAS-1603
1680410Establishment for war abroadBWAS-1603
1680335Establishment for war at homeBWAS-1603
1680270Establishment for peaceBWAS-1603

Commanding Officers

1620CaptainSir Thomas ButtonBWAS-16031623CaptainHenry PalmerBWAS-16031625CaptainJohn ChidleyBWAS-16031627CaptainJohn WeddellBWAS-16031635CaptainJohn PoveyBWAS-16031637CaptainWalter StewartBWAS-16031637CaptainJohn PoveyBWAS-16031639AdmiralSir John PenningtonBWAS-16031640CaptainDavid MurrayBWAS-16031642CaptainRichard BlytheBWAS-16031642CaptainJohn MennesBWAS-16031642 - 1643CaptainWilliam BattenBWAS-16031643CaptainPeter AndrewsW0141643CaptainPeter AndrewsBWAS-16031647CaptainBryan HarrisonBWAS-16031650CaptainLeonard LidcottBWAS-16031650CaptainThomas HarrisonBWAS-16031651 - 1652AdmiralSir George AyscueW0141653/04 - 1653/09Rear-Admiral of the BlueWilliam GoodsonW0141653/09 - 1653CaptainPeter StrongBWAS-16031656 - 1657CaptainJohn StokesW0141657 - 1659CaptainEustace SmithBWAS-16031659CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-16031663CaptainMark HarrisonB0511663/04/04 - 1663/09/22CaptainThomas AllinBWAS-16031665 - 1666CaptainRoger StricklandB0511665/01/06 - 1665/10/20CaptainWilloughby HannamB0511665/10/21 - 1666/11/30CaptainJohn HartBWAS-16031671/09/25 - 1672/01/03CaptainJohn AshbyBWAS-16031672CaptainWilloughby HannamTRN21672/01/24 - 1672/10/03CaptainJames StoreyBWAS-16031673/03/01 - 1673/10/10CaptainMark HarrisonB0511678/04/20 - 1678/08/30CaptainAnthony YoungBWAS-16031678/11/30 - 1680/03/31CaptainLeonard HarrisBWAS-1603

Flag Officers

1646/02 - 1646Vice-AdmiralThomas TrenchfieldW0151653 - 1653/03Vice-Admiral of the WhiteJames PeacockW014

Commissioned Officers

1663LieutenantHenry HideW0141664 - 1665LieutenantJohn EarleB0511665 - 1667LieutenantWilliam CopowW0141665 - 1668LieutenantRowland StepneyW014

Warrant Officers

1634 - 1634/01/20GunnerHenry Youngref:10701634/01/21 - 1634GunnerJohn Spencerref:1070

Petty Officers

1625SurgeonWilliam Crowref:1027

Service History

1621Attack on Algiers
1625Attack on Cadiz
1628/11/05Started a major "repair" which changed her dimensionsBWAS-1603
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and Dutch
1651In barbadoes as flagship of a squadron operating against the Royalists and DutchTRN2

In the Downs

1652/08/16Battle of Plymouth
1653/02/18Battle of Portland
1653/06/02Battle of the Gabbard
1653/07/31Battle of Scheveningen
1665/06/03Battle of Lowestoft
1666/06/01Four Days Battle
1666/07/25St James Day Battle
1672/05/28Battle of Solebay
1673/05/28First Battle of Schooneveld
1673/06/04Second Battle of Schooneveld
1673/08/11Battle of Texel
1678Guardship in the MedwayBWAS-1603
1680/03/20Sunk as a breakwater at SheernessBWAS-1603

FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16421642Summer Guard of 1642Sir John Pennington
16451645Summer Guard of 1645 
16511652Fleet sent to BarbadosSir George Ayscue
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Lord Edward Montagu (1st Earl of Sandwich)


B065 The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B028 Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
W014 Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
B051 Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
TRN2 The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
W015 English Parliamentary JournalsVariousWeb Site
ref:1070 Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1633-4 Book
ref:1027 The Manuscripts of the Earl Cowper, K. G., preserved at Melbourne Hall, Derbyshire vol I Book
B117 NRS Vol 013 - Papers relating to the First Dutch War 1652-54 Vol IUnknownBook

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