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Rainbow

6062
Nominal Guns44BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered4.3.1745/46BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down3.1745/46BWAS-1714
Named30.4.1747BWAS-1714
Launched30.5.1747BWAS-1714
First Commissioned27.5.1747BWAS-1714
How acquiredBuilt by ContractBWAS-1714
ShipyardCarter's Yard - Limehouse Hole BWAS-1714
Ship Class1745 Establishment 44-Gunner (1745)BWAS-1714
Constructor
Robert CarterBritish
Ship Builder
BWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Sold2.1802BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck133' 3"Imperial Feet40.5407 
Length of Keel108' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet32.9216 
Breadth37' 10 ¾"Imperial Feet11.2967 
Depth in Hold16' 0"Imperial Feet4.8768 
Burthen830 7594Tons BM 

Armament


30.5.1747Broadside Weight = 282 Imperial Pound ( 127.887 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder

1762Broadside Weight = 285 Imperial Pound ( 129.2475 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1782Broadside Weight = 1238 Imperial Pound ( 561.433 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 68-Pound Carronade
Upper Gun Deck22 British 42-Pounder Carronade
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745280Design Complement

12 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
27.5.1747 - 3.3.1748/49Captain
Patrick BairdBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1761
ADM 6/17/229
BWAS-1714
3.3.1748/49 - 20.4.1752Captain
George Brydges RodneyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
ADM 6/17/445
BWAS-1714
12.5.1756 - 23.3.1757Captain
Joseph KnightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1727-1775
Transfered ADM 6/18/263
BWAS-1714
19.4.1757 - 11.8.1759Captain
Christopher BassetBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1761
Transfered ADM 6/18/387
BWAS-1714
11.8.1759 - 22.12.1760Captain
Richard GwynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1760
ADM 6/19/291
Issued by
The Hon. Edward BoscawenBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1726-1759
, North America
Confirmed 12.3.1761
BWAS-1714
7.4.1762 - 4.4.1763Captain
Mark RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
ADM 6/19/396
BWAS-1714
4.4.1763 - 3.10.1766Captain
Walter StirlingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1785
ADM 6/19/478
BWAS-1714
16.8.1770 - 27.11.1771Captain
Charles FieldingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1778
ADM 6/20/288
BWAS-1714
27.11.1771 - 28.9.1774Captain
Thomas CollingwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1779
ADM 6/20/414
BWAS-1714
27.12.1775 - 3.4.1779Captain
Sir George CollierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1795
ADM 6/21/145
BWAS-1714
3.4.1779 - 24.8.1781Captain
John KendallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1795
ADM 6/22/423
Issued by
James GambierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1800
, North America
Confirmed 13.3.1782
BWAS-1714
21.3.1782 - 15.3.1783Captain
Henry TrollopeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1825
ADM 6/22/428
BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
28.5.1747 - 7.4.1749First Lieutenant
John WilliamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1761
Transfered ADM 6/17/229
ADM 6/19
28.5.1747 - 11.3.1748/49Second Lieutenant
John DalrympleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1757
ADM 6/17/229
ADM 6/19
11.10.1748 - 3.3.1748/49Third Lt. & Lt. at Arms
James OreBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1749
ADM 6/17/389
ADM 6/17
11.3.1748/49 - 16.3.1748/49Second Lieutenant
Ker BellendenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1749
ADM 6/17/447
ADM 6/17
16.3.1748/49 - 20.4.1752Second Lieutenant
Thomas SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1752
ADM 6/17/514
ADM 6/17
6.4.1751 - 20.4.1752First Lieutenant
Henry Richard DuboisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1737-1763
ADM 6/17/545
ADM 6/17

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRankNameSource
6.4.1750 - 1750Midshipman Extra
Thomas CornwallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1763
ADM 6/17/516
ADM 6/17

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1750Midshipman
Richard Rodney BlighBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1813
ref:616

Service History


DateEventSource
30.5.1747building at Limehouse - London at a cost of £10175.0.0dBWAS-1714
30.5.1747Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
24.6.1747Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £4778.3.9dBWAS-1714
23.1.1748Took the Privateer
Le Comte de Noailles (16) 1747-1748
French 16 Gun
Privateer
in the Soundings
BWAS-1714
1749Off NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
20.4.1752

Paid off

ADM 51
8.1755Began middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
7.1756Completed middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £7776.2.3dBWAS-1714
23.10.1756Took the Snow
Le Content 1756-1756
French Privateer Snow
in the North Sea

19.9.1757Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1760In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1760Took the Privateer
Le Victor (24) 1760-1760
French 24 Gun
Privateer

12.1760Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1761Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1762Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £7603.19.6dBWAS-1714
4.1763RecommissionedBWAS-1714
28.6.1763Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
10.1766Paid offBWAS-1714
7.1769Began great repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
8.1770RecommissionedBWAS-1714
10.1770Completed great repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £14317.11.6dBWAS-1714
29.12.1771Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
6.1.1771Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
4.12.1772Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
19.11.1773Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
9.1774Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1775Began fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
1.1776Commissioned as a troop shipBWAS-1714
4.1776Completed fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £6276.3.0dBWAS-1714
6.5.1776Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
7.7.1777Action of 7th July 1777
8.7.1777Took the Frigate
Hancock (34) 1776-1777
American 34 Gun
5th Rate Frigate

8.7.1777Took the Ship
Fox (28) 1776-1777
American 28 Gun
6th Rate Ship

22.3.1778Took the Privateer
Hammond 1778-1778
American Privateer

7.6.1778Took the Frigate
Fox (28) 1773-1778
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate

13.11.1778Took the Privateer
General Gates 1778-1778
American Privateer

5.1779In Hampton RoadsBWAS-1714
2.1780Operations against SavannahBWAS-1714
1781Paid offBWAS-1714
21.1.1782Ordered to be refitted with an all carronade armamentBWAS-1714
2.1782Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
3.1782RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1782Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £6294.5.0dBWAS-1714
4.9.1782Took the Frigate
L'Hébé (38) 1782-1782
French 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
in the Channel

3.1783Paid offBWAS-1714
10.1783Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
1784Placed in ordinary at WoolwichBWAS-1714
6.1784Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £0.5.0dBWAS-1714
2.1802Sold at WoolwichBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Sunday 4th of May 2014 17:12

The Gentleman's magazine. v.47 1777.
Extract of a letter from Sir George Collier, commander of his Majesty's ship the Rainbow, to Mr. Stephens dated at Halifax July 12. giving an account of his falling in, on the 6th of the same month, with three sail, to which he immediately gave chase, and, after a pursuit of more than 39 hours, came up with and took a rebel frigate, fitted out by the Congress, called the Hancock, of 32 guns, mostly twelve pounders, with about 229 men on board. Her complement is 290 men; the remainder were in the Fox. She is a very large frigate, quite new of the stocks; and though from her foulness and their mismanagement they came up with her, yet she is one of the fastest sailing ships ever built. While he was in pursuit, he was fortunately joined by the Flora frigate and Mr. Manley who commanded the Hancock, informed Capt. Collier, that the ship the Flora was in chase of, was his Majesty's ship the Fox, of 28 guns, which he had lately taken on the Banks of Newfoundland; and that the other frigate was the Boston, of 30 guns, commanded by McNeal. He found Capt. Fotheringham, late commander of the Fox, and 40 of his people, on board the Hancock; but his officers, and some of his men, were put on board the Boston frigate and the remainder sent in a fishing vessel to Newfoundland.

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