Rainbow

6062
Nominal Guns44BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered4.3.1745/46BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down3.1745/46BWAS-1714
Named30.4.1747BWAS-1714
Launched30.5.1747BWAS-1714
First Commissioned27.5.1747
How acquiredBuilt by ContractBWAS-1714
ShipyardCarter's Yard BWAS-1714
Ship Class1745 Establishment 44-Gunner
ConstructorRobert Carter (d.1751)BWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Sold2.1802BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck133' 3"Imperial Feet40.5407 
Length of Keel108' 9 ⅛"Imperial Feet32.9216 
Breadth37' 10 ¾"Imperial Feet11.2967 
Depth in Hold16' 0"Imperial Feet4.8768 
Burthen830 7594Tons BM 

Armament


30.5.1747Broadside Weight = 282 Imperial Pound ( 127.887 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder

1762Broadside Weight = 285 Imperial Pound ( 129.2475 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1782Broadside Weight = 1238 Imperial Pound ( 561.433 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 68-Pound Carronade
Upper Gun Deck22 British 42-Pounder Carronade
Quarterdeck4 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 32-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745280Design Complement

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
27.5.1747 - 3.3.1748/49CaptainPatrick Baird (1700-1761) ADM 6/17/229BWAS-17143.3.1748/49 - 20.4.1752CaptainGeorge Brydges Rodney (1719-1792) ADM 6/17/445BWAS-171412.5.1756 - 23.3.1757CaptainJoseph Knight (d.1775) ADM 6/18/263BWAS-171419.4.1757 - 11.8.1759CaptainChristopher Basset (c.1724-1765) ADM 6/18/387BWAS-171411.8.1759 - 12.1760CaptainRichard Gwynn (d.1766) ADM 6/19/291
Issued by The Hon. Edward Boscawen (1711-1761)
Commission confirmed 12.3.1761
BWAS-1714
7.4.1762 - 4.4.1763CaptainMark Robinson (1722-1799) ADM 6/19/396BWAS-17144.4.1763 - 10.1766CaptainWalter Stirling (1718-1786) ADM 6/19/478BWAS-171416.8.1770 - 27.11.1771CaptainCharles Fielding (1738-1783) ADM 6/20/288BWAS-171427.11.1771 - 9.1774CaptainThomas Collingwood (d.1780) ADM 6/20/414BWAS-171427.12.1775 - 1780CaptainSir George Collier (1738-1795) ADM 6/21/145BWAS-171424.11.1779 - 1781CaptainJohn KendallBWAS-17143.1782 - 3.1783CaptainHenry Trollope (1756-1839)BWAS-1714

6 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
28.5.1747 - 7.4.1749First LieutenantJohn Williams ADM 6/17/229ADM 6/1928.5.1747 - 11.3.1748/49Second LieutenantJohn Dalrymple ADM 6/17/229ADM 6/1911.10.1748 - 3.3.1748/49Third Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJames Ore (d.1753) ADM 6/17/389ADM 6/1711.3.1748/49 - 16.3.1748/49Second LieutenantKer Bellenden (d.1753) ADM 6/17/447ADM 6/1716.3.1748/49 - 20.4.1752Second LieutenantThomas Smith ADM 6/17/514ADM 6/176.4.1751 - 20.4.1752First LieutenantHenry Richard Dubois (d.1792) ADM 6/17/545ADM 6/17

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
6.4.1750 - 1750Midshipman ExtraThomas Cornwall (d.1796) ADM 6/17/516ADM 6/17

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1749 - 1754MidshipmanWilliam Brereton (1728-1800)ref:6761750MidshipmanRichard Rodney Bligh (1737-1821)ref:616

Service History


DateEventSource
30.5.1747building at Limehouse at a cost of £10175.0.0dBWAS-1714
30.5.1747Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
24.6.1747Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £4778.3.9dBWAS-1714
23.1.1747/48Took the Privateer Le Comte de Noailles (16)
1749Off NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
20.4.1752

Paid off

ADM 51
8.1755Began middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
7.1756Completed middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £7776.2.3dBWAS-1714
23.10.1756Took the Privateer Le Content in the North Sea
19.9.1757Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1760In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1760Took the Privateer Le Victor (24)
12.1760Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1761Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
11.1762Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £7603.19.6dBWAS-1714
4.1763RecommissionedBWAS-1714
28.6.1763Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
10.1766Paid offBWAS-1714
7.1769Began great repair at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
8.1770RecommissionedBWAS-1714
10.1770Completed great repair at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £14317.11.6dBWAS-1714
29.12.1771Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
6.1.1771Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
4.12.1772Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
19.11.1773Sailed for the African coastBWAS-1714
9.1774Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1775Began fitting at Sheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
1.1776Commissioned as a troop shipBWAS-1714
4.1776Completed fitting at Sheerness Dockyard at a cost of £6276.3.0dBWAS-1714
6.5.1776Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
7.7.1777Action of 1777-07-07
8.7.1777Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Hancock (34)
8.7.1777Took the Sixth Rate Ship Fox (28)
22.3.1778Took the Privateer Hammond
7.6.1778Took the Sixth Rate Frigate Fox (28)
13.11.1778Took the Privateer General Gates
5.1779In Hampton RoadsBWAS-1714
2.1780Operations against SavannahBWAS-1714
1781Paid offBWAS-1714
21.1.1782Ordered to be refitted with an all carronade armamentBWAS-1714
2.1782Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
3.1782RecommissionedBWAS-1714
4.1782Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £6294.5.0dBWAS-1714
4.9.1782Took the Fifth Rate Frigate L'Hébé (38) in the Channel
3.1783Paid offBWAS-1714
10.1783Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
1784Placed in ordinary at WoolwichBWAS-1714
6.1784Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £0.5.0dBWAS-1714
2.1802Sold at WoolwichBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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Posted by Brian Stephens on Sunday 4th of May 2014 17:12

The Gentleman's magazine. v.47 1777.
Extract of a letter from Sir George Collier, commander of his Majesty's ship the Rainbow, to Mr. Stephens dated at Halifax July 12. giving an account of his falling in, on the 6th of the same month, with three sail, to which he immediately gave chase, and, after a pursuit of more than 39 hours, came up with and took a rebel frigate, fitted out by the Congress, called the Hancock, of 32 guns, mostly twelve pounders, with about 229 men on board. Her complement is 290 men; the remainder were in the Fox. She is a very large frigate, quite new of the stocks; and though from her foulness and their mismanagement they came up with her, yet she is one of the fastest sailing ships ever built. While he was in pursuit, he was fortunately joined by the Flora frigate and Mr. Manley who commanded the Hancock, informed Capt. Collier, that the ship the Flora was in chase of, was his Majesty's ship the Fox, of 28 guns, which he had lately taken on the Banks of Newfoundland; and that the other frigate was the Boston, of 30 guns, commanded by McNeal. He found Capt. Fotheringham, late commander of the Fox, and 40 of his people, on board the Hancock; but his officers, and some of his men, were put on board the Boston frigate and the remainder sent in a fishing vessel to Newfoundland.

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