Royal Sovereign

Nominal Guns104BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down5.10.1723BWAS-1714
First Commissioned2.2.1740/41BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
ConstructorBenjamin Rosewell (d.1742)BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up17.5.1768BWAS-1714


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck175' 0"Imperial Feet53.34 
Length of Keel140' 0"Imperial Feet42.672 
Breadth50' 3 ½"Imperial Feet15.2527 
Depth in Hold20' 1"Imperial Feet6.1214 
Burthen1,883 4694Tons BM 


2.1741Broadside Weight = 1140 Imperial Pound ( 516.99 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

9 Commanding Officers

2.2.1740/41 - 5.4.1742CaptainRobert Allen (c.1675-1752) ADM 6/16/375BWAS-171416.1.1743/44 - 14.2.1743/44CaptainChristopher O'Brien (d.1743/44) ADM 6/16/260ADM 6/162.3.1743/44 - 17.7.1744CaptainWilliam Davies (d.1759) ADM 6/16/276BWAS-171418.7.1744 - 6.11.1744CaptainThomas Hanway (c.1715-1772) ADM 6/16/342BWAS-17147.11.1744 - 19.8.1745CaptainThomas Smith (c.1707-1762) ADM 6/16/380BWAS-171420.8.1745 - 13.10.1747CaptainJohn Orme (1686-1764) ADM 6/16/530BWAS-171416.10.1755 - 22.5.1759CaptainWilliam Boys (1700-1774) ADM 6/18/202BWAS-17147.8.1759 - 13.3.1759CaptainThomas Lynn (d.1781) ADM 6/19/84ADM 6/1927.10.1759 - 27.12.1762CaptainRobert Hathorn (c.1719-1789) ADM 6/19/98BWAS-1714

3 Flag Officers

10.1757 - 1758AdmiralThomas Smith (c.1707-1762)BWAS-171410.1760 - 1760Rear-Admiral of the WhiteFrancis Geary (1709-1796)E-WIKI1763 - 9.1763Vice-AdmiralFrancis Holburne (1704-1771) ADM 107/3/53BWAS-1714

29 Commissioned Officers

2.2.1740/41 - 4.2.1740/41Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsWilliam Mawman (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/15/375ADM 6/155.2.1740/41 - 7.2.1741/42Fifth LieutenantWilliam Mawman (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/16/378ADM 6/155.2.1740/41 - 27.9.1741Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsBaker Phillips (c.1718-1745) ADM 6/15/378ADM 6/1520.3.1740/41 - 20.9.1741Fourth LieutenantMagnus Goddard (c.1713-1744) ADM 6/15/401ADM 6/1521.9.1741 - 7.2.1741/42Third LieutenantMagnus Goddard (c.1713-1744) ADM 6/16/459ADM 6/1528.9.1741 - 7.2.1741/42Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsHenry Prettie (1708-1768) ADM 6/16/461ADM 6/158.2.1741/42 - 19.2.1741/42Second LieutenantMagnus Goddard (c.1713-1744) ADM 6/16/12ADM 6/168.2.1741/42 - 15.3.1741/42Fourth LieutenantWilliam Mawman (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/16/12ADM 6/168.2.1741/42 - 15.3.1741/42Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsMatteate Brady (1718-1786) ADM 6/16/12ADM 6/1620.2.1741/42 - 2.7.1742First LieutenantMagnus Goddard (c.1713-1744) ADM 6/16/18ADM 6/1616.3.1741/42 - 2.7.1742Third LieutenantWilliam Mawman (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/16/31ADM 6/1616.3.1741/42 - 22.11.1742Fourth LieutenantHenry Prettie (1708-1768) ADM 6/16/31ADM 6/1624.1.1743/44 - 2.2.1743/44Second LieutenantWilliam Thomas ADM 6/16/262ADM 6/1624.1.1743/44 - 2.2.1743/44Third LieutenantFrancis Mohun (d.1744) ADM 6/16/262ADM 6/1624.1.1743/44 - 3.1.1744/45Fourth LieutenantBowles Seymour (d.1747) ADM 6/16/262ADM 6/1624.1.1743/44 - 3.12.1744Fifth LieutenantRoger Adams (d.1749) ADM 6/16/262ADM 6/1624.1.1743/44 - 19.11.1744Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsEdward Keller (d.1750) ADM 6/16/262ADM 6/163.2.1743/44 - 12.10.1744First LieutenantWilliam Thomas ADM 6/16/267ADM 6/163.2.1743/44 - 20.7.1744Second LieutenantFrancis Mohun (d.1744) ADM 6/16/267ADM 6/163.2.1743/44 - 22.11.1744Third LieutenantRobert Watkins (d.1746) ADM 6/16/267ADM 6/1616.10.1744 - 25.8.1745First LieutenantJohn Hyde (c.1712-1753) ADM 6/16/372ADM 6/1616.10.1744 - 15.11.1744Second LieutenantThe Hon. John Bermingham (c.1718-1746) ADM 6/16/372ADM 6/1623.11.1744 - 28.8.1745Second LieutenantRobert Watkins (d.1746) ADM 6/16/393ADM 6/164.1.1744/45 - 28.8.1745Third LieutenantBowles Seymour (d.1747) ADM 6/16/416ADM 6/1629.8.1745 - 29.7.1746First LieutenantRobert Watkins (d.1746)† ADM 6/16/536ADM 6/1629.8.1745 - 10.1.1745/46Second LieutenantBowles Seymour (d.1747) ADM 6/16/536ADM 6/1623.1.1745/46 - 3.6.1746Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJohn Burges (c.1721-c.1751) ADM 6/17/47ADM 6/1713.4.1747 - 9.10.1747Second LieutenantLouis Lasinby (c.1710-1754) ADM 6/17/218ADM 6/1710.6.1747 - 9.10.1747Fifth LieutenantEdward Leighton (c.1725-1750) ADM 6/17/236ADM 6/19

1 Warrant Officer

1741 - 2.11.1741BoatswainEdward Hutchins (d.1764) ADM 6/15/473ADM 6/15

3 Petty Officers

12.1744 - 3.1744/45MidshipmanAlexander Arthur Hood (1726-1814) ADM 107/3/53ODNB3.7.1759 - 6.2.1760MidshipmanHenry Clark (c.1738-1773) ADM 107/5/180ADM 107/529.3.1761 - 1761MidshipmanJohn Woodref:849

1 Crewman

1762 - 27.12.1762UnknownRoger Curtis (1746-1816)ref:616

Service History

3.1728/29Completed at a cost of £34,720.4.4dBWAS-1714
2.1741Commissioned for Norris' fleetBWAS-1714
14.4.1742Paid offADM 51
12.1743Started refitting at ChathamBWAS-1714
3.1743/44Completed refit at a cost of £8,231.19.8dBWAS-1714
5.1745At the NoreBWAS-1714
12.1745In the approaches to the ThamesBWAS-1714
17.10.1747Paid offADM 51
3.1.1747/48Surveyed but no repair carried outBWAS-1714
10.1755Started refitting as a 90-gun shipBWAS-1714
1756At the NoreBWAS-1714
5.1756Completed refitting at a cost of £10,888.19.4dBWAS-1714
1757In the Western squadronBWAS-1714
1757In the DownsBWAS-1714
1758At SpitheadBWAS-1714

Paid off

ADM 51
9.1759Fitted to lie in the Downs at a cost of £3,354.13.7dBWAS-1714
1761Started harbour serviceBWAS-1714
27.12.1762Paid offADM 51
9.9.1763Surveyed and found to be in need of a great repairBWAS-1714
18.4.1768Ordered to be broken upBWAS-1714
17.5.1768Break up completed at Portsmouth at £778.18.8dBWAS-1714


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