Preston

615
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.3.1751BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down13.6.1751BWAS-1714
Named25.4.1751BWAS-1714
Launched7.2.1757BWAS-1714
First Commissioned18.1.1757
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship Class1745 Establishment 50-Gunner
Designed byJoseph Allin (d.1716)BWAS-1714
ConstructorAdam Hayes (d.1785)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up1.1815BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck143' 3"Imperial Feet43.5882 
Length of Keel115' 4"Imperial Feet35.0588 
Breadth41' 3"Imperial Feet12.573 
Depth in Hold17' 3"Imperial Feet5.1925 
Burthen1,043 8194Tons BM 

Armament


7.2.1757Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1745350Design Complement

11 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
18.1.1757 - 1763CaptainJohn Evans (1717-1794) ADM 6/18/345ADM 6/1819.5.1766 - 11.5.1769CaptainAlan Gardner (1742-1809) ADM 6/20/121BWAS-171411.5.1769 - 9.1769CaptainBasil Keith (d.1777) ADM 6/20/259
Issued by William Parry (d.1779)
Commission confirmed 18.10.1769
BWAS-1714
10.1.1771 - 26.1.1774CaptainEvelyn Sutton ADM 6/20/333ADM 6/2026.1.1774 - 8.4.1776CaptainJohn Robinson (d.c.1807) ADM 6/21/11BWAS-17148.4.1776 - 1780CaptainSamuel Uppleby (d.1780) ADM 6/21/178BWAS-17141780CaptainWilliam Truscott (1734-1798)BWAS-17143.1781 - 1782CaptainAlexander Graeme (1741-1818)BWAS-17145.8.1781 - 23.8.1781Acting CaptainJames Saumarez (1757-1836)ODNB1782 - 1783CaptainPatrick Leslie (d.1783)BWAS-171417.3.1783 - 1794CaptainGeorge Martin (1765-1847)ODNB

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
22.5.1759 - 1759CommodoreWilliam Boys (1700-1774) ADM 6/19/67BWAS-17141767 - 1769Rear-Admiral of the BlueWilliam Parry (d.1779)BWAS-17141.1774 - 2.1776Vice-Admiral of the BlueSamuel Graves (1713-1787)BWAS-17144.1776 - 1780CommodoreWilliam Hotham (1736-1813)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
26.1.1774 - 14.11.1775Second LieutenantAlexander Graeme (1741-1818) ADM 6/21/11ADM 6/21

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.2.1774 - 28.9.1774MidshipmanCuthbert Collingwood (1750-1810)NAO29.9.1774 - 17.6.1775Master's MateCuthbert Collingwood (1750-1810)NAO6.1775 - 11.1775MidshipmanPhilip D'Auvergne (1754-1816)ref:616

Service History


DateEventSource
18.12.1757Sailed for the Levant with a convoyBWAS-1714
21.5.1759Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1763Paid offBWAS-1714
6.1764Began small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
4.1765Completed small repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £4987.14.5dBWAS-1714
5.1766RecommissionedBWAS-1714
2.8.1766Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
1767Flagship at JamaicaBWAS-1714
1768Flagship at JamaicaBWAS-1714
1769Flagship at JamaicaBWAS-1714
9.1769Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1772Began large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
7.1773Completed large repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £20124.13.7dBWAS-1714
1.1774RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1774Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
4.1774Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3724.1.6dBWAS-1714
29.4.1774Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1775Returned homeBWAS-1714
6.5.1776Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
12.1776Sailed to Rhode IslandBWAS-1714
6.12.1776Occupation of Rhode Island
22.7.1778At Sandy HookBWAS-1714
4.11.1778Sailed to the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
14.12.1778Battle of St. Lucia
1779In the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1780In the West Indies and home to pay offBWAS-1714
11.1780Began small repair at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
5.1781Completed small repair at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £11282.0.4dBWAS-1714
5.8.1781Battle of Dogger Bank
8.6.1782Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
1783Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1785Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
10.1785Refitted as a Other Vessels Sheer Hulk
10.1785Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
1788RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1815Broken up at WoolwichBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1775/01/011775/01/01North American Squadron on the 1st of January 1775Samuel Graves (1713-1787)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/18ADM 6/18 Commission and Warrant Book 1751 May-1758 Oct.  Archive
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 12th of August 2018 10:54

HMS Preston: assigned 'Captain Basil Keith', 'Robert Reid' and 'Ja[me]s Keating'; 11 May to 2 October 1769; West Indies
ADM 346/21/30

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