Richmond

6197
Nominal Guns32BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.3.1756BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down4.1756BWAS-1714
Named25.3.1756BWAS-1714
Launched12.11.1757BWAS-1714
First Commissioned5.4.1757BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardDeptford - London BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRichmond ClassBWAS-1714
Designed byWilliam BatelyBWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn BuxtonBWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeFrigate BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Captured11.9.1781BWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Fifth Rate frigate 'Richmond' (1781) (32)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck127' 1 ½"Imperial Feet38.7223 
Length of Keel107' 1 ⅛"Imperial Feet32.6168 
Breadth34' 1 ¾"Imperial Feet10.3823 
Depth in Hold11' 10"Imperial Feet3.3528 
Burthen664 1694Tons BM 

Armament


12.11.1757Broadside Weight = 177 Imperial Pound ( 80.2698 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck12 British 1/2-Pound Swivel
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
12.3.1756210Design Complement

8 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.4.1757 - 30.8.1757CaptainAlexander Schomberg (c.1726-1804) ADM 6/18/380BWAS-171431.8.1757 - 22.9.1759CaptainThomas Hankerson (c.1712-1780) ADM 6/18/432BWAS-171422.9.1759 - 24.6.1760CaptainGeorge Hamilton (c.1725-1760) ADM 6/19/203
Issued by Charles Saunders (1713-1775), North America
Commission confirmed 20.10.1760
BWAS-1714
24.6.1760 - 20.9.1762CaptainJohn Elphinstone (1722-1785) ADM 6/19/176BWAS-171420.9.1762 - 3.4.1763CaptainCharles Napier (c.1730-1831) ADM 6/19/544
Issued by George Pocock (1705/6-1792), East Indies - Asia
Commission confirmed 13.10.1763
ADM 6/19
3.4.1763 - 25.6.1764CaptainStair Douglas (c.1735-1789) ADM 6/20/49
Issued by Augustus Keppel (1725-1786), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 6.9.1764
BWAS-1714
13.3.1776 - 22.7.1779CaptainJohn Lewis Gidoin (c.1727-1796) ADM 6/21/169BWAS-171422.7.1779 - 31.3.1781CaptainCharles Hudson (c.1733-1803) ADM 6/22/9BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
12.11.1757building at Deptford - London at a cost of £6364.9.6dBWAS-1714
7.12.1757fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £4027.10.2dBWAS-1714
2.2.1758Took the Privateer Le Comte d'Argenson
20.2.1758Took the Privateer La Villemure
5.6.1758Raid on Saint-Malo
13.12.1758Took the Privateer L'Entreprenant
13.3.1759

Sailed for North America

BWAS-1714
1760In the St LawrenceBWAS-1714
1760Took the Privateer L'Entreprenant (8)
10.7.1761Took the Privateer L'Aucheur
9.8.1761Took the Privateer Le Faucheur (6) near the coast of NorwayBG
24.11.1761Took the Cutter L'Epervier in the morning , off FairleighBG
4.1.1762Took the Privateer La Béarnoise (14)
8.2.1762

Sailed for Jamaica

BWAS-1714
6.6.1762Operations against Havana
25.6.1764

Paid off

ADM 51
9.1764SurveyedBWAS-1714
3.1771Began great repair at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
8.4.1771

Surveyed

BWAS-1714
4.1773Completed great repair at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £9098.17.8dBWAS-1714
3.1776Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
6.1776Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £3893.9.0dBWAS-1714
9.9.1776

Sailed for North America

BWAS-1714
11.8.1778Howe's encounter with d'Estaing
15.8.1778Took the Privateer Black Prince
1779Relief of JerseyBWAS-1714
13.5.1779Action in Cancale Bay
6.1779Began refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
8.1779Completed refitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £5331.2.10dBWAS-1714
13.7.1780Took the Privateer Portsmouth Hero
31.3.1781Paid offADM 51
5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
11.9.1781Taken by Le Bourgogne (74) in the Chesapeake
11.9.1781Taken by L'Aigrette (30) in the Chesapeake


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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