Centurion

622
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1770/12/25BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1771/05BWAS-1714
Launched1774/05/22BWAS-1714
First Commissioned1775/07
How acquiredBuilt by ContractBWAS-1714
ShipyardKing's Yard ref:717
Ship ClassSalisbury Class
Designed byThomas SladeBWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn BarnardBWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Foundered1824/02/21BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck146' 0"Imperial Feet44.5008
Length of Keel120' 2"Imperial Feet36.5785
Breadth40' 5"Imperial Feet12.319
Depth in Hold17' 3 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943
Burthen1,044 1194Tons BM

Armament


1774/05/22Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1766/04/02350Design Complement

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1775/07 - 1780/09CaptainRichard BraithwaiteBWAS-17141780/03 - 1783/10CaptainSamuel Wittewronge ClaytonBWAS-17141789/02 - 1792/08CaptainWilliam Albany OtwayBWAS-17141792/11 - 1797/04CaptainSamuel OsbornBWAS-17141797/04 - 1804CaptainJohn Sprat RainierBWAS-17141804/04 - 1804/11CaptainJames LindBWAS-17141807/10 - 1808/11LieutenantEdward WebbBWAS-17141808/11 - 1809CommanderGeorge Paris MonkeBWAS-17141813/06 - 1814/06CaptainWilliam SkipseyBWAS-17141814/06 - 1814/10CaptainJustice FinleyBWAS-17141814/10/22 - 1817CaptainDavid ScottBWAS-1714

Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1778/08/14 - 1778/05/15Vice-Admiral of the RedLord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe)BWAS-17141789/02 - 1792/08Rear-Admiral of the BluePhilip AffleckBWAS-17141813/06 - 1814/06Rear-AdmiralEdward GriffithBWAS-1714

Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1801 - 1803/02LieutenantWilliam Hugh DobbieBWAS-17931804First LieutenantJames Robert Phillipsref:6441808/06/02 - 1809/07/14LieutenantHenry Dilkes ByngNBD1849

Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1804/11/11 - 1805/08/14BoatswainWilliam ScarthNAO

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1789 - 1791/01/21MidshipmanMathew BuckleNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
1774/05/22building at Harwich at a cost of £15023.9.11dBWAS-1714
1774/06/22Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1775/09/09Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £4205.16.10dBWAS-1714
1775/10/25Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1776/07/02Staten Island Landings
1776/12Occupation of Rhode IslandBWAS-1714
1776/12/06Occupation of Rhode Island
1778/11/04Sailed to the West Indies with HothamBWAS-1714
1778/12/14Supported landings on St LuciaBWAS-1714
1778/12/14Battle of St. Lucia
1779In the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1780/04/17Battle of Martinique
1780/05/15Action of 1780-05-15
1780/05/19Action of 1780-05-19
1780/09Returned home and paid offBWAS-1714
1780/09Began middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1781/03RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1781/06Completed middling repair at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £11178.19.10dBWAS-1714
1781/07/05Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1782/08Took the Letter-of-Marque Warrior
1783/10Sailed home and paid offBWAS-1714
1783/12fitting at Sheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
1784/12Began great repair at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
1787/12Completed great repair at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £23424.0.0dBWAS-1714
1789/02RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1789/05/20Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
1792/08Home and paid offBWAS-1714
1792/08Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1792/11RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1793/01Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £8848.0.0dBWAS-1714
1793/02/26Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
1793/11/28Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
1794/10/22Action off Mauritius
1795/07Capture of CeylonBWAS-1714
1796/02Capture of Amboyna and BandaBWAS-1714
1799Operations in the Red SeaBWAS-1714
1800Operations in the Red SeaBWAS-1714
1800/08Returned to BataviaBWAS-1714
1800/08/23Took the Merchantman Sloop Vrow Cornelia (6) BG
1800/08/23Took the Merchantman Brig De Vrow Elizabeth Christiana (6) BG
1800/08/23Took the Unrated Brig Unknown Dutch Brig (16) BG
1804/09/15Battle of Vizagapatam
1804/11Sent back from India as in need of repairBWAS-1714
1807/08Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1807/10Recommissioned and sailed for HalifaxBWAS-1714
1807/10Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship
1808/01Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1808/11Receiving ship and stores depot at HalifaxBWAS-1714
1808/11Refitted as a Unrated Receiving Ship
1809Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship
1813/06Refitted as a Unrated Receiving Ship
1817Refitted as a Other Vessels Hulk
1824/02/21Sank at her moorings in HalifaxBWAS-1714
1825Raised and broken upBWAS-1714
// 


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ref:717 John Barnard the younger 1705 – 1784John E BarnardDigital Book
BWAS-1793 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
ref:644 The British Trident or Register of Naval ActionsArchibald DuncanDigital Book
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
BG The London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 30th of January 2017 21:02

21 Jan 1800 T. Tring, a seaman belonging to the Centurion, was executed on board the Suffolk, at Bombay, pursuant to the sentence of a Court Martial. Tring, with some others, was sent with a prize to the Centurion for the Cape of Good Hope, but the vessel was re-captured on her passage, and carried into the Mauritius : the Prize-master and his crew shortly after received permission from the French Commander to return home ; but Tring and another, instead of doing so, entered on board the French frigate La Prudente, which was afterwards captured by the Daedalus. Tring entered as an American on board the Daedalus, and proceeded with her into the Red Sea, where joining the Centurion, he was recognized. His companion was killed in the action between the frigates.


Posted by Charles on Thursday 24th of July 2014 21:39

Extract of a letter from Sheerness Dec 28, 1784

"Arrived the Rambler and Marquis de Seignally [Seignelay?] cutters, and remain with Scipio and Otter sloop.
"The Centurion lying in ordinary at this port, is ordered up river to be repaired.
"The Ajax is ordered to be sold." (The Times 3 January 1785)

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