Bristol

625
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered12.10.1768BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.1771BWAS-1714
Launched25.10.1775BWAS-1714
First Commissioned13.10.1775
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardSheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
Ship ClassPortland Class
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
ConstructorGeorge WhiteBWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up6.1810BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck146' 0"Imperial Feet44.5008 
Length of Keel119' 9"Imperial Feet36.2832 
Breadth40' 7"Imperial Feet12.3698 
Depth in Hold17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Draught Forward10' 6"Imperial Feet3.2004 
Draught Aft15' 6 ½"Imperial Feet4.5847 
Burthen1,049 994Tons BM 

Armament


25.10.1775Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

7.1779Broadside Weight = 486 Imperial Pound ( 220.401 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pound Carronade
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse6 British 12-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.4.1766350Design Complement

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.10.1775 - 5.7.1776CaptainJohn Morris (d.1776)† ADM 6/21/126BWAS-17145.7.1776 - 6.7.1776CaptainJames Reid (c.1733-1798) ADM 6/21/290
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 6.6.1777
BWAS-1714
6.7.1776 - 6.9.1776CaptainTobias Caulfield (c.1739-1781) ADM 6/21/322
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 7.10.1777
BWAS-1714
6.9.1776 - 7.12.1777CaptainJohn Raynor (c.1730-1784) ADM 6/21/506
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 1.2.1779
PMD
7.12.1777 - 25.12.1777CaptainThe Hon. William Cornwallis (1744-1819) ADM 6/21/417
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 1.6.1778
ADM 6/21
25.12.1777 - 31.1.1781CaptainTobias Caulfield (c.1739-1781)BWAS-171431.1.1781 - 24.9.1781CaptainJohn Thomas Duckworth (1748-1817) ADM 6/22/360
Issued by Sir Peter Parker (1715-1811), Jamaica - Greater Antilles
Commission confirmed 6.11.1781
BWAS-1714
26.3.1782 - 18.6.1782CaptainJames Samber (c.1736-1816) ADM 6/22/435ADM 6/2218.6.1782 - 1784CaptainJames Burney ADM 6/22/482BWAS-17141784 - 1786LieutenantAugustus William Fitzroy (d.1786)BWAS-17141786 - 26.7.1786CaptainCharles HughesBWAS-17141.1795 - 5.1797LieutenantJohn Samuel SillyBWAS-17145.1797 - 1798LieutenantFrancis McGie (d.1800)BWAS-17141800 - 1802LieutenantJoseph Withers (d.1802)BWAS-17146.1806 - 1808LieutenantSir Joseph Coxwell (d.1832)BWAS-17141808 - 1810LieutenantRichard SimmonsBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
c.13.10.1775 - 28.4.1777CommodoreSir Peter Parker (1715-1811)BWAS-171428.4.1777 - 1779Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir Peter Parker (1715-1811)BWAS-1714

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.7.1776 - 7.9.1776Acting LieutenantJames Saumarez (1757-1836)ODNB2.7.1778 - 3.9.1778Third LieutenantHoratio Nelson (1758-1805)NAO4.9.1778 - 20.12.1778First LieutenantHoratio Nelson (1758-1805)NAO21.12.1778 - 14.8.1780First LieutenantManley Dixon (1757-1838)ref:616

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
10.1775 - 11.7.1776MidshipmanJames Saumarez (1757-1836)ODNB1776 - 2.1777MidshipmanManley Dixon (1757-1838)ref:6161796Master's MateMichael Fitton (1765-1852)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
5.1796 - 17971st Class VolunteerPhilip Henry Bridges (d.1848)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
25.10.1775building at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £23440.11.10dBWAS-1714
25.10.1775Began fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
13.12.1775Completed fitting at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £3574.16.5dBWAS-1714
12.2.1776Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
28.6.1776Attack on Sullivan IslandBWAS-1714
6.1777Returned homeBWAS-1714
8.7.1777Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
20.3.17801st Action off Monti Christi
20.6.1780Action off Monti Christi
6.10.1780Dismasted in a hurricaneBWAS-1714
7.1781Arrived homeBWAS-1714
24.9.1781

Paid off

ADM 51
3.1782Began coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
6.1782Completed coppering at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £13567.3.11dBWAS-1714
11.9.1782Sailed to the relief of Gibraltar and then to the East IndiesBWAS-1714
20.6.17832nd Battle of Cuddalore
7.1786Voyage homeBWAS-1714
26.7.1786Paid offADM 51
1787Church ship in the MedwayBWAS-1714
11.1794Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
12.1794Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
1.1795Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
PMDPrivate manuscript documents Book
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

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