Jupiter

626
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered1.7.1776BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.1776BWAS-1714
Launched13.5.1778BWAS-1714
First Commissioned29.4.1778BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardRotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
Designed by John Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
Constructor John Randall (1755-1802)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked10.12.1808BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck146' 1 ½"Imperial Feet44.5135 
Length of Keel119' 8"Imperial Feet36.2819 
Breadth40' 10"Imperial Feet12.192 
Depth in Hold17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Draught Forward10' 7"Imperial Feet3.2258 
Draught Aft16' 3"Imperial Feet4.8895 
Burthen1,061 3094Tons BM 

Armament


4.1778Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
4.1778350EstablishmentBWAS-1714

11 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
29.4.1778 - 17.7.1778Captain Charles Middleton (1726-1813) ADM 6/21/398ADM 6/2117.7.1778 - 20.9.1780CaptainLord Francis Reynolds (1739-1808) ADM 6/21/435BWAS-171420.9.1780 - 28.7.1783Captain Thomas Pasley (1734-1808) ADM 6/22/173BWAS-171416.8.1786 - 10.2.1787Captain Thomas Hickes (1731-1801) ADM 6/23/350ADM 6/2310.2.1787 - 24.6.1790Captain William Parker (1740/41-1802) ADM 6/23/378ADM 6/2322.11.1790Captain Jeremiah Beale (d.1817) ADM 6/24/88ADM 6/247.1794 - 1.1795Captain Richard FisherBWAS-17141.1795 - 2.1796Captain William LechmereBWAS-17142.1796 - 11.1798Captain George LosackBWAS-171411.1798 - 10.7.1801Commodore George LosackBWAS-171412.2.1807 - 10.12.1808Captain Henry Edward Reginald Baker (d.1820)BWAS-1714

3 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.1795 - 2.1796Commodore John Willett Payne (1752-1803)BWAS-17145.1795 - 16.2.1796Vice-Admiral of the Blue George Vandeput (d.1800)TNC1801Vice-Admiral of the RedSir Roger Curtis (Baronet ) (1746-1816)BWAS-1714

5 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.5.1778 - 25.7.1778Third Lieutenant Richard Hussey Bickerton (1759-1832) ADM 6/21/405ref:61625.7.1778 - 20.3.1779First Lieutenant Richard Hussey Bickerton (1759-1832) ADM 6/21/438ref:6168.12.1794 - 5.4.1795LieutenantThe Hon. Courtnay Boyle (1770-1844)ref:6161801Lieutenant William Cressyref:99720.3.1807 - 10.12.1808Lieutenant Robert Yule (d.1849)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1801Master J Aikmanref:9971801Surgeon Matthew Motherwellref:9971801Purser Thomas Galpine (d.1806)ref:997

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1786 - 1788Midshipman Edward Walpole Browne (1767-1846)NBD1849

1 Marine


DatesRankNameSource
1801Lieutenant of Marines J W Beaumontref:997

Service History


DateEventSource
13.5.1778building at Rotherhithe - London - Surrey at a cost of £15801.2.10dBWAS-1714
13.5.1778Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
26.7.1778Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £8511.5.4dBWAS-1714
20.10.1778Action of 1778-10-20
27.3.1779Sailed for the Mediterranean with a convoyBWAS-1714
1.4.1779Took the Corvette Le Jean Bart (20) BG
9.1779Sailed to the relief of GuernseyBWAS-1714
10.1779In the North SeaBWAS-1714
2.10.1779Took the Cutter Le Mutin (14)
2.10.1779Took the Cutter Le Pilote (14) in the North Sea
13.3.1781Sailed as escort to an outbound East-India convoyBWAS-1714
16.4.1781Battle of Porto Praya
21.7.1781Attack in Saldanha Bay
11.1781Sailed homeBWAS-1714
8.3.1782Took the Brigantine Le Boullogne (16)
18.5.1782Sailed to the West Indies carrying Admiral Hugh Pigot (1722-1792)BWAS-1714
6.8.1782Took the Brigantine Schuylkill (16)
6.8.1782Took the Schooner Count de Grasse (14) in ballast and drove on shore to the Westward of the Havannah than burnt by her Crew.BG
28.7.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.1784Began small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
11.1784Completed small repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £9669.2.7dBWAS-1714
8.1786RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.4.1787Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
24.6.1790

Paid off

ADM 51
2.1792Began large repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
7.1794RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1794Completed large repair at Sheerness Dockyard - Sheerness at a cost of £32877.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.4.1796Sailed for the Cape of Good HopeBWAS-1714
17.8.1796Capture of Dutch at Saldanha BayBWAS-1714
25.4.1799Took the East Indiaman Chance Île de France EICS
10.10.1799Jupiter vs Preneuse
10.7.1803

Paid off into ordinary

ADM 51
9.1805Refitted as a Unrated Hospital Ship
9.1805Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
12.1805Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
1.1807Refitted as a 50 gun Fourth Rate Ship
1.1807Began fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
2.1807RecommissionedBWAS-1714
3.1807Completed fitting at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
18.4.1807Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
10.12.1808Wrecked in Vigo BayBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
1801-1802British ships on the Cape of Good Hope Station, 1801Sir Roger Curtis (Baronet ) (1746-1816) 
 

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