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Leopard

636
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.1785BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.5.1785BWAS-1714
Named13.11.1775BWAS-1714
Launched24.4.1790BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.1790BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardSheerness Dockyard - Sheerness BWAS-1714
Ship ClassPortland Class (1766)BWAS-1714
Designed by
John WilliamsBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1762-1778
BWAS-1714
Constructor
William RuleBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Dockyard Staff
Service 1778-1813
BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Wrecked28.6.1814BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck146' 5"Imperial Feet44.5036 
Length of Keel120' 0 ¾"Imperial Feet36.5951 
Breadth40' 8"Imperial Feet12.3952 
Depth in Hold17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen1,044 7794Tons BM 
Burthen1,055 7594Tons BM 

Armament


24.4.1790Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.4.1766350Design Complement

13 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
4.6.1790 - 24.9.1791Captain
John BlankettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1796
ADM 6/24/38
BWAS-1714
30.11.1792 - 1.11.1793Captain
John MaudeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1769-1793
ADM 6/24/182
BWAS-1714
1.11.1793 - 2.1794Captain
William SwaffieldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1794
ADM 6/24/279
BWAS-1714
8.1796 - 12.1797Captain
William HargoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1837
BWAS-1714
12.1797 - 1802Captain
Thomas SurridgeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
BWAS-1714
20.4.1802 - 1803Captain
George Ralph CollierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1820
BWAS-1714
9.1803 - 6.1804Captain
James Nicoll MorrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1825
BWAS-1714
12.5.1804 - 2.2.1805Captain
Francis William AustenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1786-1848
Discharged ADM 196/3/2
BWAS-1714
2.1805 - 10.1806Captain
Richard RaggettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1822
BWAS-1714
10.1806 - 1808Captain
Salisbury Pryce HumphreysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1808
BWAS-1714
1808 - 6.1809Captain
James JohnstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1812
BWAS-1714
3.1811 - 1813Captain
William Henry DillonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1794-1853
BWAS-1714
1.1814 - 28.6.1814Captain
Edward CroftonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1814
BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1794 - 10.1794Vice-Admiral of the White
Joseph PeytonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
Transfered ADM 107/3/26
BWAS-1714
1798 - 13.2.1799Commodore
John BlankettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1796
ref:676
14.2.1799 - 31.12.1800Rear-Admiral of the White
John BlankettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1796
ref:1059
1.1.1801 - 4.7.1801Rear-Admiral of the Red
John BlankettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1796
ref:676
9.1803 - 6.1804Commodore
Charles CunninghamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1775-1829
BWAS-1714
6.1804 - 1.1805Rear-Admiral of the Blue
Thomas LouisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1807
BWAS-1714
10.1806 - 1808Vice-Admiral of the White
George Cranfield BerkeleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1766-1814
BWAS-1714
1808 - 6.1809Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Albemarle BertieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
4.6.1790 - 24.9.1791First Lieutenant
Philip HancorneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1791
ADM 6/24/38
ADM 6/24
11.3.1795 - 5.7.1796Lieutenant
Edward Walpole BrowneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1840
NBD1849

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
9.3.1781 - 23.4.1781Boatswain
David OgilvieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1802
Transfered ADM 196/1/23
ADM 29-1
22.7.1783 - 1.11.1786Boatswain
David OgilvieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1802
Transfered ADM 196/1/23
ADM 29-1
15.12.1793 - 24.6.1795Master
Thomas SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1804
ADM 29-1
28.4.1806 - 7.9.1808Carpenter
William JamesBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1790-1823
ADM 29/8

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
5.8.1796 - 14.7.1797Midshipman
William Westcott DanielBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1814
NAO
9.1803 - 8.1806Midshipman
James BanceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1841
NBD1849
1804Midshipman
John William AndrewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1798-1846
NBD1849
8.1806 - 13.6.1808Master's Mate
James BanceBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1841
NBD1849
12.1806 - 11.2.1807Midshipman
The Hon. Arthur Richard TurnourBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1799-1816
NBD1849

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
24.4.1804 - 18051st Class Volunteer
William CarletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1856
NBD1849
22.9.1805 - 27.4.1806Able Seaman
William JamesBritish
Naval Sailor
Dockyard Staff
Service 1790-1823
ADM 29/8

Service History


DateEventSource
24.4.1790building at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £24489.0.0dBWAS-1714
24.4.1790Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
26.5.1790Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3464.0.0dBWAS-1714
24.9.1791

Paid off

ADM 51
1.1792Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
11.1792RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1793Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £9686.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.1793In the DownsBWAS-1714
18.2.1797Took the Privateer
Le Victorieux (4) 1797-1797
French 4 Gun
Privateer
off Scarborough
BG
27.5.1797Mutiny at the NoreBWAS-1714
10.6.1797Got to seaBWAS-1714
29.7.1798Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
26.10.1798Took the Privateer
L'Apollon (16) 1796-1798
French 16 Gun
Privateer

3.9.1800Took the Brig
La Clarisse (14) 1799-1800
French 14 Gun
Privateer Brig
ref:692
1801Egypt operationsBWAS-1714
1803Paid offBWAS-1714
7.1803Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
9.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1803Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £10152.0.0dBWAS-1714
22.6.1807Encounter with USS
Chesapeake (36) 1799-1813
American 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
BWAS-1714
7.5.1808Sailed for the Cape of Good HopeBWAS-1714
12.1810Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
3.1811Refitted as a 26 gun Sixth Rate Troop Ship
4.1811Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
1.1814Recommissioned for the Halifax stationBWAS-1714
28.6.1814Wrecked off Anticosti Island in the Gulf of St LawrenceBWAS-1714


Notes on Ship


Original OrderBWAS-1714
Ordered for consturction at Porstmouth on 1775/10/16, the keel was laid in January 1776 before the order was moved to Sheerness DY

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 9th of July 2018 19:41

The boarding party proceeded to search the American ship and found four suspected deserters. These were Daniel Martin, John Strachan and William Ware. These three men had run from HMS Melampus. The fourth man, Jenkin Ratford had run from HMS Halifax. The four men were arrested, taken aboard HMS Leopard and taken to Halifax, where they stood trial at Court Martial. Of the four men, Martin, Strachan and Ware were able to prove their American citizenship. They had previously served in the Royal Navy but were not British Citizens. Two of the three men were African-Americans. They were each sentenced to 500 lashes, but this was commuted. Ratford was not so lucky. He was a British citizen, had deserted from the Royal Navy and was sentenced to death. He was hanged from the fore-yard of HMS Halifax. USS Chesapeake had been allowed to go on her way after the men were seized.

kenthistoryforum


Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 9th of July 2018 19:36

In the afternoon of 9th June 1797, a meeting of the loyal officers, men and Marines in HMS Leopard agreed that they should take back control of the ship from the mutineers. The meeting had been convened following concerns about the increasingly militant demands of the ringleaders and rumours about sailing to join the French and Dutch at Texel. The men agreed to divide themselves into three teams. One, under Lieutenant Joseph Robb would move two 12pdr long guns in the part of the upper gundeck screened off to form the wardroom away from their gunports and aim them down the gundeck. A second party would disable the 24pdr long guns on the lower gundeck by filling the vents with vinegar and then cut the anchor cable, while a third party would go aloft and set the sails.

At a pre-arranged signal the plan was put into action. The wardroom screens were taken down and faced with large cannons filled with grapeshot and unable to fire the lower gundeck guns, the mutineers had no choice but to surrender and the ship made good her escape and rejoined the rest of the North Sea Fleet at Yarmouth.

In the Courts Martial which followed the collapse of the Mutiny, 42 of HMS Leopard's men were tried. Of those 42 men, nine were convicted of whom seven were hanged from her fore-yard, two were sent to the prison hulks and the rest were acquitted.

kenthistoryforum.


Posted by Brian Stephens on Sunday 20th of April 2014 17:31

The Times (Charleston S.C.) July 6, 1807
The schooner, Margaret K. Bailey, Captain Ferguson, of and bound to Philadelphia with a cargo of sugar and coffee, having a pilot on board, was captured on Friday last of the Capes of the Delaware, by the British ship, Leopard, Capt. Humphrey's and sent to Halifax.

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