Leopard

636
Nominal Guns50BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.1785BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down7.5.1785BWAS-1714
Named13.11.1775BWAS-1714
Launched24.4.1790BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.1790
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardSheerness Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassPortland Class
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
ConstructorWilliam Rule (d.1816)BWAS-1714
CategoryFourth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked28.6.1814BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck146' 5"Imperial Feet44.5036 
Length of Keel120' 0 ¾"Imperial Feet36.5951 
Breadth40' 8"Imperial Feet12.3952 
Depth in Hold17' 6"Imperial Feet5.2034 
Burthen1,044 7794Tons BM 
Burthen1,055 7594Tons BM 

Armament


24.4.1790Broadside Weight = 414 Imperial Pound ( 187.749 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck22 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck4 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.4.1766350Design Complement

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.1790 - 12.1791CaptainJohn Blankett (1741-1801)BWAS-171411.1792 - 11.1793CaptainJohn Maude (d.1796)BWAS-171411.1793 - 2.1794CaptainWilliam Swaffield (d.1796)BWAS-17148.1796 - 12.1797CaptainWilliam Hargood (1762-1839)BWAS-171412.1797 - 1802CaptainThomas SurridgeBWAS-171420.4.1802 - 1803CaptainGeorge Ralph Collier (1774-1824)BWAS-17149.1803 - 6.1804CaptainJames Nicoll Morris (1763-1830)BWAS-17146.1804 - 2.1805CaptainFrancis William Austen (1774-1865)BWAS-17142.1805 - 10.1806CaptainRichard RaggettBWAS-171410.1806 - 1808CaptainSalisbury Pryce HumphreysBWAS-17141808 - 6.1809CaptainJames JohnstoneBWAS-17143.1811 - 1813CaptainWilliam Henry Dillon (d.1857)BWAS-17141.1814 - 28.6.1814CaptainEdward CroftonBWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1794 - 2.1796Vice-Admiral of the WhiteJoseph Peyton (1725-1804)BWAS-17141798 - 13.2.1799CommodoreJohn Blankett (1741-1801)ref:67614.2.1799 - 31.12.1800Rear-Admiral of the WhiteJohn Blankett (1741-1801)ref:10591.1.1801 - 4.7.1801Rear-Admiral of the RedJohn Blankett (1741-1801)ref:6769.1803 - 6.1804CommodoreCharles Cunningham (d.1834)BWAS-17146.1804 - 1.1805Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir Thomas Louis (d.1807)BWAS-171410.1806 - 1808Vice-Admiral of the WhiteGeorge Cranfield Berkeley (1753-1818)BWAS-17141808 - 6.1809Vice-Admiral of the BlueAlbemarle Bertie (1755-1824)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
11.3.1795 - 5.7.1796LieutenantEdward Walpole Browne (1767-1846)NBD1849

3 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
9.3.1781 - 23.4.1781BoatswainDavid OgilvieADM29-122.7.1783 - 1.11.1786BoatswainDavid OgilvieADM29-115.12.1793 - 24.6.1795MasterThomas SmithADM29-1

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
5.8.1796 - 14.7.1797MidshipmanWilliam Westcott Daniel (1776-1833)NAO9.1803 - 8.1806MidshipmanJames BanceNBD18491804MidshipmanJohn William Andrew (1783-1854)NBD18498.1806 - 13.6.1808Master's MateJames BanceNBD184912.1806 - 11.2.1807MidshipmanThe Hon. Arthur Richard Turnour (1787-1853)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
24.4.1804 - 18051st Class VolunteerWilliam CarletonNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
24.4.1790building at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £24489.0.0dBWAS-1714
24.4.1790Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
26.5.1790Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £3464.0.0dBWAS-1714
12.1791Paid off
1.1792Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
11.1792RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1793Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard at a cost of £9686.0.0dBWAS-1714
11.1793In the DownsBWAS-1714
18.2.1797Took the Privateer Le Victorieux (4) off Scarborough
27.5.1797Mutiny at the NoreBWAS-1714
10.6.1797Got to seaBWAS-1714
29.7.1798Sailed for the East IndiesBWAS-1714
26.10.1798Took the Privateer L'Apollon (16)
22.8.1800Took the Privateer La Clarisse (18)
1801Egypt operationsBWAS-1714
1803Paid offBWAS-1714
7.1803Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
9.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1803Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard at a cost of £10152.0.0dBWAS-1714
22.6.1807Encounter with USS Chesapeake (36) BWAS-1714
7.5.1808Sailed for the Cape of Good HopeBWAS-1714
12.1810Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
3.1811Refitted as a 26 gun Sixth Rate Troop Ship
4.1811Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
1.1814Recommissioned for the Halifax stationBWAS-1714
28.6.1814Wrecked off Anticosti Island in the Gulf of St LawrenceBWAS-1714


Notes on Ship


Original OrderBWAS-1714
Ordered for consturction at Porstmouth on 1775/10/16, the keel was laid in January 1776 before the order was moved to Sheerness DY

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ref:676 More than Nelson Web Site
ref:1059 Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM29-1 ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 9th of July 2018 19:41

The boarding party proceeded to search the American ship and found four suspected deserters. These were Daniel Martin, John Strachan and William Ware. These three men had run from HMS Melampus. The fourth man, Jenkin Ratford had run from HMS Halifax. The four men were arrested, taken aboard HMS Leopard and taken to Halifax, where they stood trial at Court Martial. Of the four men, Martin, Strachan and Ware were able to prove their American citizenship. They had previously served in the Royal Navy but were not British Citizens. Two of the three men were African-Americans. They were each sentenced to 500 lashes, but this was commuted. Ratford was not so lucky. He was a British citizen, had deserted from the Royal Navy and was sentenced to death. He was hanged from the fore-yard of HMS Halifax. USS Chesapeake had been allowed to go on her way after the men were seized.

kenthistoryforum


Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 9th of July 2018 19:36

In the afternoon of 9th June 1797, a meeting of the loyal officers, men and Marines in HMS Leopard agreed that they should take back control of the ship from the mutineers. The meeting had been convened following concerns about the increasingly militant demands of the ringleaders and rumours about sailing to join the French and Dutch at Texel. The men agreed to divide themselves into three teams. One, under Lieutenant Joseph Robb would move two 12pdr long guns in the part of the upper gundeck screened off to form the wardroom away from their gunports and aim them down the gundeck. A second party would disable the 24pdr long guns on the lower gundeck by filling the vents with vinegar and then cut the anchor cable, while a third party would go aloft and set the sails.

At a pre-arranged signal the plan was put into action. The wardroom screens were taken down and faced with large cannons filled with grapeshot and unable to fire the lower gundeck guns, the mutineers had no choice but to surrender and the ship made good her escape and rejoined the rest of the North Sea Fleet at Yarmouth.

In the Courts Martial which followed the collapse of the Mutiny, 42 of HMS Leopard's men were tried. Of those 42 men, nine were convicted of whom seven were hanged from her fore-yard, two were sent to the prison hulks and the rest were acquitted.

kenthistoryforum.


Posted by Brian Stephens on Sunday 20th of April 2014 17:31

The Times (Charleston S.C.) July 6, 1807
The schooner, Margaret K. Bailey, Captain Ferguson, of and bound to Philadelphia with a cargo of sugar and coffee, having a pilot on board, was captured on Friday last of the Capes of the Delaware, by the British ship, Leopard, Capt. Humphrey's and sent to Halifax.

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