Sphinx

6842
Nominal Guns20BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered15.4.1773BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down11.1773BWAS-1714
Launched25.10.1775BWAS-1714
First Commissioned6.10.1775
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPortsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSphinx Class
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
ConstructorEdward Hunt (d.bef.1740)BWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured10.9.1779BWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Sixth Rate ship 'Le Sphinx' (1779) (20)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck108' 0"Imperial Feet32.9184 
Length of Keel89' 7 ⅜"Imperial Feet27.1367 
Breadth30' 1"Imperial Feet9.1694 
Depth in Hold9' 8"Imperial Feet2.9464 
Burthen431 3794Tons BM 

Armament


25.10.1775Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1773140Design Complement

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
6.10.1775 - 24.10.1775CaptainMitchell Graham (d.1795) ADM 6/21/124ADM 6/2125.10.1775 - 5.7.1776CaptainAnthony Hunt (d.1796) ADM 6/21/129BWAS-17145.7.1776CaptainJames Reid (d.1798) ADM 6/21/461
Issued by Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799), North America
Commission confirmed 16.10.1778
ADM 6/21
24.1.1778 - 24.11.1778CaptainAlexander Graeme (1741-1818) ADM 6/21/544
Issued by James Gambier (1723-1789), North America
Commission confirmed 28.10.1778
BWAS-1714
24.11.1778 - 25.8.1779CaptainJohn Kendall ADM 6/22/11
Issued by John Byron (1723-1786), North America
Commission confirmed 2.8.1779
ADM 6/21
25.8.1779 - 10.9.1779CaptainRobert Manners Sutton (d.1794) ADM 6/21/95
Issued by John Byron (1723-1786), North America
Commission confirmed 4.3.1780
BWAS-1714
4.10.1794 - 2.1795CaptainCharles John Moore Mansfield (1760-1813)HMS01

Service History


DateEventSource
11.1773Began building at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
25.10.1775Completed building at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £7494.5.1dBWAS-1714
25.10.1775Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
29.12.1775Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £2704.0.5dBWAS-1714
23.2.1776Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
28.6.1776At CharlestonBWAS-1714
30.11.1777Took the Privateer Eagle
1.12.1777Took the Privateer Sloop Rover (6)
11.8.1778Howe's encounter with d'Estaing
8.1779In the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
10.9.1779Taken by L'Amphitrite (32) off Martinique


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
HMS01HMS MinotaurVariousWeb Site
 

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