Surprise

6982
Nominal Guns28BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered1.1771BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down5.9.1771BWAS-1714
Launched13.4.1774BWAS-1714
First Commissioned11.2.1775
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
Ship ClassEnterprise Class
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
ConstructorNicholas PhillipsBWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeFrigate
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Sold24.4.1783BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck120' 6"Imperial Feet36.5836 
Length of Keel99' 6"Imperial Feet30.1921 
Breadth33' 6"Imperial Feet10.1092 
Depth in Hold11' 0"Imperial Feet3.3528 
Burthen593 8994Tons BM 

Armament


13.4.1774Broadside Weight = 117 Imperial Pound ( 53.0598 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck24 British 9-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck12 British 1/2-Pound Swivel
Quarterdeck4 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
3.1.1771200Design Complement

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.2.1775 - 16.4.1779CaptainRobert Linzee (c.1740-1805) ADM 6/21/71BWAS-171416.4.1779 - 6.3.1782CaptainSamuel Reeve (c.1732-1803) ADM 6/21/541BWAS-17146.3.1782 - 15.1.1783CaptainJohn Ferguson (c.1731-1818) ADM 6/22/420ADM 6/2215.1.1783 - 16.1.1783CaptainLewis Fabian (d.1791) ADM 6/23/10ADM 6/2318.1.1783 - 20.1.1783CaptainGeorge Palmer ADM 6/23/12ADM 6/2320.1.1783 - 21.1.1783CaptainEliab Harvey (1758-1830) ADM 6/22/12ADM 6/2321.1.1783 - 25.2.1783CaptainCharles Sandys ADM 6/23/13ADM 6/23

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
3.1775 - 1776Master's MateWilliam Domett (1754-1828)ref:616

Service History


DateEventSource
13.4.1774building at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £14184.14.1dBWAS-1714
2.2.1775Began fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
15.4.1775Completed fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £1782.13.2dBWAS-1714
23.5.1775Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
1776Relief of QuebecBWAS-1714
7.5.1776Took the Privateer Maria
15.5.1776Took the Privateer Gaspee
23.1.1777Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
21.4.1778Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
7.9.1778Took the Privateer Harlequin
3.1779Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
4.1779Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3834.1.1dBWAS-1714
30.4.1779Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
14.7.1779Took the Privateer Brig Wild Cat (12)
1.10.1779Took the Privateer Jason (18)
5.10.1779Took the Privateer Monmouth (14)
29.1.1780Took the Privateer Duguay Trouin (20)
29.1.1780Took the Privateer Ship Le Duguay Trouin (18) off Dodman Point
30.4.1780Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
21.7.1780Took the Privateer Lockhart Ross
29.5.1781Sailed for NewfoundlandBWAS-1714
18.7.1781Took the Privateer Ship Independence (16)
21.7.1781Took the Privateer Brigantine Diana (10)
27.9.1781Took the Privateer Brig Sturdy Beggar
4.10.1781Took the Privateer Tiger (14)
9.1.1782Took the Privateer Les Sept Freres
2.3.1782Sailed with an Atlantic ConvoyBWAS-1714
16.8.1782Took the Privateer Raven
15.2.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
24.4.1783Sold at Woolwich for £800BWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
 

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