Tonnant

7168
Nominal Guns80BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Tonnant' (1789) (84)
Named9.12.1798BWAS-1793
Captured3.8.1798BWAS-1793
ShipyardToulon Dockyard - Toulon FWAS1786
Ship ClassTonnant ClassFWAS1786
Designed byJacques-Noël Sané (1740-1831)FWAS1786
ConstructorJean Marguerite Tupinier (1779-1850)FWAS1786
CategoryThird RateBWAS-1793
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1793
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1793
Broken Up3.1821BWAS-1793

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1793
Length of Gundeck194' 2"Imperial Feet59.1317 
Length of Keel160' 0"Imperial Feet48.768 
Breadth51' 9 ¼"Imperial Feet15.5512 
Depth in Hold23' 3"Imperial Feet7.0358 
Burthen2,281 394Tons BM 

Armament


1799Broadside Weight = 1106 Imperial Pound ( 501.571 kg)BWAS-1793
Lower Gun Deck32 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck32 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 32-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck2 British 18-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 32-Pound Carronade

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1.1801700 BWAS-1793

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.1799 - 2.1799CaptainLoftus Otway Bland (d.1810)BWAS-17932.1799 - 7.1799CaptainRobert Lewis FitzgeraldBWAS-17933.1803 - 5.1804CaptainSir Edward Pellew (1757-1833)BWAS-17935.1804 - 3.1805CaptainWilliam Henry Jervis (d.1805)BWAS-17933.1805 - 1.1806CaptainCharles Tyler (1760-1835)BWAS-17935.1806 - 7.1807CaptainSir Thomas Brown (d.1851)BWAS-17937.1807 - 11.1809CaptainRichard Turner HancockBWAS-17931810 - 7.1812CaptainSir John Gore (1772-1836)BWAS-17931.1814 - 10.1814CaptainAlexander SkeneBWAS-179310.1814 - 11.1815CaptainCharles KerrBWAS-17935.6.1815 - 11.1815CaptainEdward Pelham Brenton (1774-1839)ref:61611.1815 - 11.1818CaptainJohn TailourBWAS-1793

4 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1806 - 7.1807Rear-Admiral of the BlueEliab Harvey (1758-1830)BWAS-17937.1807 - 1809Rear-Admiral of the BlueThe Hon. Michael de Courcy (d.1824)BWAS-179310.1814 - 11.1815Vice-Admiral of the Red Alexander Inglis Cochrane (1758-1832)BWAS-179311.1815 - 11.1818Rear-Admiral of the RedSir Benjamin Hallowell (1761-1834)BWAS-1793

14 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1.11.1804 - 1806LieutenantWilliam Smith MilletNAO1.11.1804 - 1806LieutenantCharles BennettNAO1.11.1804 - 10.4.1806LieutenantBenjamin ClementNAO24.2.1805 - 24.12.1805LieutenantJohn Bedford (d.1814)NAO12.3.1805 - 1806LieutenantJohn Salmon (d.1806)NAO26.3.1805 - 1806LieutenantFrederick Hoffman (d.1849)NAO24.12.1805 - 21.1.1806LieutenantWilliam Buchanan (1777-?)NBD184914.12.1808 - 8.1809LieutenantHopewell Hayward BuddNBD184917.11.1809 - 1810LieutenantChristopher William BettyNBD18494.9.1810 - 1810LieutenantThomas Blakiston (1790-?)NBD184914.1.1814 - 5.10.1814First LieutenantGeorge Guy BurtonNBD18495.3.1814 - 29.3.1815LieutenantEdward Curzon (1789-1862)NBD18491815LieutenantJohn Williams Aldridge (1794-1875)W02511.1815 - 9.9.1818LieutenantGeorge Francis BridgesNBD1849

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
3.3.1799 - 8.8.1799MasterWilliam MowbrayADM29-128.1.1809 - 4.3.1809MasterJames Sutherland (d.1814)ADM29-1

12 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
3.1803 - 3.1807MidshipmanJames Primrose BlennerhassettNBD18491804 - 6.4.1804MidshipmanArden Adderley (1783-1864)NBD18494.1804 - 1804MidshipmanThomas Blakiston (1790-?)NBD18491806 - 25.3.1807MidshipmanWilliam Edward Hughes Allen (1787-1856)NBD18491.1.1806 - 16.7.1807MidshipmanWilliam ShepheardRNB18239.3.1809 - 27.9.1809MidshipmanWilliam ShepheardRNB182323.12.1809 - 9.1810MidshipmanArchibald CampbellNBD18491813 - 9.1814MidshipmanWilliam Anley (d.1880)NBD18491815Master's MateJames Anderson (d.1846)NL18651815Master's MateDaniel M'neale BeattyNBD18492.1815 - 10.3.1815MidshipmanFrederick William Beechey (1796-?)NBD18491.1816 - 9.1818MidshipmanWilliam BarwellNBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
11.1802 - 5.18041st Class VolunteerAlexander KennedyNBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
9.12.1798Registered and namedBWAS-1793
17.7.1799Arrived at Plymouth and laid up in ordinaryBWAS-1793
12.1801Began middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
3.1803RecommissionedBWAS-1793
4.1803Completed middling repair at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
2.9.1803Action of 1803-09-02
21.10.1805Battle of Trafalgar
1.1806Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1793
5.1806RecommissionedBWAS-1793
6.1806Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £17890.0.0dBWAS-1793
11.1809Began making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1793
12.1809Completed making good defects at Plymouth Dockyard - Plymouth at a cost of £18197.0.0dBWAS-1793
1810Refitted as a Other Vessels Sheer Hulk
7.1812Paid offBWAS-1793
8.1813Began small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1793
12.1813Completed small repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £17978.0.0dBWAS-1793
1.1814Recommissioned as flagship on the North America station
1.1814Began fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1793
3.1814Completed fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £19743.0.0dBWAS-1793
14.12.1814Battle of Lake Borgne
11.1815Flagship on the Cork Station
11.1818Paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1793
3.1821Broken up at PlymouthBWAS-1793

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1798/08/141798Saumarez's Squadron 1798Sir James Saumarez (1757-1836)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
FWAS1786French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786-1861Rif Winfield & Stephen S RobertsBook
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
W025William Loney RN - BackgroundP DavisWeb Site
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
RNB1823Royal Navy BiographyJohn MarshallDigital Book
NL1865The Navy List 1865The AdmiraltyDigital Book
 

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