Torrington -> 1660 Dreadnought

7176
Nominal Guns52B028
NationalityCommonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
OperatorState Navy
Ordered12.1652B028
Acquired1654B028
ShipyardBlackwall Yard - Blackwall B028
ConstructorSir Henry Johnson (1624-1683)B028
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Foundered16.10.1690B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel116' 8"Imperial Feet35.3695 
Breadth34' 6"Imperial Feet10.4013 
Depth in Hold14' 2"Imperial Feet4.2799 
Burthen732Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB032
Length of Keel116' 0"Imperial Feet35.3568 
Breadth34' 6"Imperial Feet10.4013 
Depth in Hold14' 2"Imperial Feet4.2799 
Draught Aft16' 6"Imperial Feet4.9022 
Burthen732Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel116' 0"Imperial Feet35.3568 
Breadth34' 6"Imperial Feet10.4013 
Depth in Hold14' 2"Imperial Feet4.2799 
Draught Aft16' 6"Imperial Feet4.9022 
Burthen734 3894Tons BM 

Armament


1666Broadside Weight = 571 Imperial Pound ( 258.9485 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck22 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck6 British Culverin
Gun Deck36 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck2 British 3-Pounder

1677Broadside Weight = 432 Imperial Pound ( 195.9123 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck24 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck12 British Saker
Roundhouse2 British 3-Pounder

1685Broadside Weight = 438 Imperial Pound ( 198.6333 kg)BWAS-1603
Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Gun Deck26 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck2 British Saker
Gun Deck10 British Saker Cutts

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1660210 BWAS-1603
1666280 BWAS-1603
1.1.1678/79Home: 355 Abroad: 280 Peacetime: 218ADM 8/1/90ADM8-DB
1689Home: 355 Abroad: 280 Peacetime: 215 B032

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1654CaptainJeremy Smith (d.1675)BWAS-16031654 - 1655Rear-AdmiralGeorge DakinsBWAS-16031655 - 1656AdmiralWilliam Goodson (1610-1680)BWAS-16031657 - 1659CaptainRobert Sanders (d.1666/67)BWAS-16031659 - 1660CaptainJohn Harman (d.1673)BWAS-160314.6.1664 - 27.3.1665CaptainBernard Gilpin (d.1665)B05127.5.1665 - 26.5.1666CaptainHenry Terne (d.1666)B05127.5.1666 - 7.6.1666Rear-AdmiralSir Edward Spragg (d.1673)B05110.6.1666 - 9.4.1667CaptainRobert Mohun (d.1667)B05110.4.1667 - 14.12.1667CaptainJames Storey (d.1682)BWAS-160311.7.1671 - 1671CaptainSir John Chicheley (1641-1690/91)B05125.5.1672 - 9.6.1672CaptainArthur Herbert (1648-1716)BWAS-160313.6.1672 - 29.7.1674CaptainRichard Trevanion (1627-1714)B0517.1.1677/78 - 21.8.1679CaptainSir John Berry (1635-1690/91)TRN215.9.1687 - 1689CaptainStephen Akerman (d.1693)B0519.1690 - 16.10.1690CommanderRobert Wilmot (d.1695)BWAS-1603

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1664LieutenantJohn FreemanB0511665 - 1667LieutenantJames Storey (d.1682)B0511667LieutenantRobert TurnerB0515.1672 - 7.1674Second LieutenantThomas Hopson (1643-1717)ODNB

Service History


DateEventSource
1654Completed at a cost of £5350.10.0dBWAS-1603
1655Flagship in the West IndiesBWAS-1603
1658In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1659In the MediterraneanBWAS-1603
1659In the Mediterranean and then operations in the SoundBWAS-1603
5.1660Renamed DreadnoughtBWAS-1603
3.6.1665Battle of Lowestoft
1666Refitted as a 58 gun Third Rate
1.6.1666Four Days Battle
25.7.1666St James Day Battle
28.5.1672Battle of Solebay
28.5.1673First Battle of Schooneveld
4.6.1673Second Battle of Schooneveld
11.8.1673Battle of Texel
31.8.1673

Pay record starting 11.7.1671 for a period of 27 months, 3 weeks & 6 days for a value of £149,094(sic).0.0d.

ADM8-DB
28.9.1673

At the Buoy of The Nore - Thames - Thames, Medway and The Nore Victualled for about seaven weekes but all fowle

ADM8-DB
1677Refitted as a 62/54 gun Third RateADM8-DB
1679Sailed to Tangier with a convoyBWAS-1603
16.10.1690Foundered off the North ForelandBWAS-1603

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
16591659British Baltic Fleet 1659Edward Montagu (d.1672)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B032The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy 897-1984E. H. H. ArchibaldBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
ADM8-DBADM 8 Database ProjectSamuel McLeanArchive
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
TRN2The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
 

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