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Unicorn

7244
Nominal Guns20BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered30.10.1775BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down11.1775BWAS-1714
Named17.11.1775BWAS-1714
Launched23.3.1776BWAS-1714
First Commissioned13.3.1776BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardCuckolds Point - Rotherhithe BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSphinx Class (1773)BWAS-1714
Designed by
John WilliamsBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1762-1778
BWAS-1714
Constructor
John RandallBritish
Designer
Ship Builder
Service 1756-1776
BWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShipBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Captured4.9.1780BWAS-1714
Becomes

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck108' 0"Imperial Feet32.9184 
Length of Keel89' 4"Imperial Feet27.1385 
Breadth30' 2 ½"Imperial Feet9.1567 
Depth in Hold9' 10"Imperial Feet2.7432 
Burthen433 5894Tons BM 

Armament


23.3.1776Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1773140Design Complement

2 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
13.3.1776 - 10.7.1779Captain
John FordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1795
ADM 6/21/169
BWAS-1714
10.7.1779 - 4.9.1780Captain
Thomas Lennox FrederickBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1799
BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
11.1775Began building at Rotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
23.3.1776Completed building at Rotherhithe - London - Surrey at a cost of £5286.1.3dBWAS-1714
2.4.1776Began coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
25.5.1776Completed coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £3238.5.10dBWAS-1714
23.7.1776Sailed to North America with a troop convoyBWAS-1714
20.9.1776Took the Privateer
Wolf 1776-1776
American Privateer

1.7.1777Took the Sloop
Nancy (6) 1776-1777
American 6 Gun
Privateer Sloop
forty-eight miles southwest of the Nantucket Shoals

17.7.1777Took the Brigantine
Reprisal (10) 1777-1778
American 10 Gun
Privateer Brigantine

9.9.1777Took the Schooner
Warren (8) 1776-1777
American 8 Gun
Privateer Schooner

6.2.1778Took the Schooner
McClary (8) 1776-1778
American 8 Gun
Privateer Schooner
off St. Georges Bank

10.6.1778Took the Privateer
Blaze Castle 1778-1778
American Privateer

27.9.1778Capture of the Raleigh
28.9.1778Took the Frigate
Raleigh (32) 1776-1778
American 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
off Boston

13.5.1779Action in Cancale Bay
8.1779Sailed home and paid offBWAS-1714
9.1779RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1779Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1779Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3231.6.5dBWAS-1714
4.9.1780Capture of the Unicorn
4.9.1780Taken by
L'Andromaque (32) 1777-1796
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
off Tortuga


 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Saturday 19th of July 2014 23:17

London Gazette 2 Dec. 1777
Admiralty Office
Prizes taken by the Unicorn.
May 31. Peggy schooner, William Briggs master, John Foran owner, from Charles Town to Dartmouth, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with rice and tar.
June 14. Sally schooner, Moses Lewis master, E. Holbrooke owner, from Virginia to Boston, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with flour.
June 21. Experiment schooner, Jacob Mills master, Charles Miller owner, from Boston to Philadelphia, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with sugar.
July 2. Boston Packet sloop, Elias Lay master, Connecticut Colony owner, from St. Martins to New London, taken off Nantucket shoals, sent to Rhode Island, with salt, rum, sugar.

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