Unicorn

7244
Nominal Guns20BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered30.10.1775BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down11.1775BWAS-1714
Named17.11.1775BWAS-1714
Launched23.3.1776BWAS-1714
First Commissioned13.3.1776
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardCuckolds Point - Rotherhithe BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSphinx Class
Designed byJohn Williams (1700-?)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn Randall (d.1776)BWAS-1714
CategorySixth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Captured4.9.1780BWAS-1714
BecomesFrench Sixth Rate ship 'La Licorne' (1780) (20)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck108' 0"Imperial Feet32.9184 
Length of Keel89' 4"Imperial Feet27.1385 
Breadth30' 2 ½"Imperial Feet9.1567 
Depth in Hold9' 10"Imperial Feet2.7432 
Burthen433 5894Tons BM 

Armament


23.3.1776Broadside Weight = 90 Imperial Pound ( 40.815 kg)BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck20 British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1773140Design Complement

2 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.3.1776 - 10.7.1779CaptainJohn Ford (c.1738-1796) ADM 6/21/169BWAS-171410.7.1779 - 4.9.1780CaptainThomas Lennox Frederick (1750-1799)BWAS-1714

Service History


DateEventSource
11.1775Began building at Rotherhithe - London - Surrey BWAS-1714
23.3.1776Completed building at Rotherhithe - London - Surrey at a cost of £5286.1.3dBWAS-1714
2.4.1776Began coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
25.5.1776Completed coppering and fitting at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £3238.5.10dBWAS-1714
23.7.1776Sailed to North America with a troop convoyBWAS-1714
20.9.1776Took the Privateer Wolf
1.7.1777Took the Privateer Sloop Nancy (6) forty-eight miles southwest of the Nantucket Shoals
17.7.1777Took the Privateer Brigantine Reprisal (10)
9.9.1777Took the Privateer Schooner Warren (8)
6.2.1778Took the Privateer Schooner McClary (8) off St. Georges Bank
10.6.1778Took the Privateer Blaze Castle
27.9.1778Capture of the Raleigh
28.9.1778Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Raleigh (32) off Boston
13.5.1779Action in Cancale Bay
8.1779Sailed home and paid offBWAS-1714
9.1779RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1779Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
11.1779Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £3231.6.5dBWAS-1714
4.9.1780Capture of the Unicorn
4.9.1780Taken by L'Andromaque (32) off Tortuga


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Saturday 19th of July 2014 23:17

London Gazette 2 Dec. 1777
Admiralty Office
Prizes taken by the Unicorn.
May 31. Peggy schooner, William Briggs master, John Foran owner, from Charles Town to Dartmouth, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with rice and tar.
June 14. Sally schooner, Moses Lewis master, E. Holbrooke owner, from Virginia to Boston, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with flour.
June 21. Experiment schooner, Jacob Mills master, Charles Miller owner, from Boston to Philadelphia, taken off Nantucket, sent to Rhode Island, with sugar.
July 2. Boston Packet sloop, Elias Lay master, Connecticut Colony owner, from St. Martins to New London, taken off Nantucket shoals, sent to Rhode Island, with salt, rum, sugar.

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