Duchess -> 1701 Princess Anne -> 1702 Windsor Castle -> 1706 Blenheim

Nominal Guns90B028
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardDeptford Dockyard - Deptford B028
Ship Class1677 Programme - 2nd RatesB028
ConstructorJohn Shish (d.1686)B028
CategorySecond RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Broken Up to Rebuild1708B028
BecomesBritish Second Rate ship of the line 'Blenheim' (1709) (96)


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Gundeck162' 8"Imperial Feet49.3809 
Length of Keel143' 0"Imperial Feet43.5864 
Breadth45' 8"Imperial Feet13.7566 
Depth in Hold18' 4"Imperial Feet5.4991 
Burthen1,546Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB028
Length of Gundeck163Imperial Feet0.0254 
Breadth45Imperial Feet0.2286 
Burthen1,364Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB032
Length of Keel137' 0"Imperial Feet41.7576 
Breadth45' 0"Imperial Feet13.716 
Depth in Hold18' 3"Imperial Feet5.4959 
Draught Aft19' 0"Imperial Feet5.7912 
Burthen1,475Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck162' 8"Imperial Feet49.3809 
Length of Keel126' 2"Imperial Feet38.4068 
Breadth45' 1"Imperial Feet13.7211 
Depth in Hold18' 4"Imperial Feet5.4991 
Draught Aft20' 6"Imperial Feet6.2484 
Burthen1,364 194Tons BM 


1679Broadside Weight = 772 Imperial Pound ( 350.102 kg)B028
Gun Deck26 British 34-Pounder
Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Gun Deck26 British 6-Pounder
Gun Deck12 British 3-Pounder

1694Broadside Weight = 918 Imperial Pound ( 416.3139 kg)B065
Gun Deck26 British Cannon of 7
Gun Deck30 British Culverin
Gun Deck36 British Saker
Gun Deck2 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource

9 Commanding Officers

1690CaptainThomas Gillam (d.1693)BWAS-16031691 - 1692CaptainJohn Clements (d.1695)BWAS-16031693 - 1694CaptainWilliam Bokenham (d.1702)BWAS-160312.6.1695 - 30.6.1695CaptainDavid Lambert (d.1703) ADM 6/3/61BWAS-16031.7.1695 - 8.1695CaptainThomas Crawley ADM 6/3/64ADM 6/39.9.1695 - 6.11.1695CaptainJames Stewart (d.1704/5) ADM 6/3/76ADM 6/37.11.1695 - 6.5.1696Second CaptainJames Stewart (d.1704/5) ADM 6/3/90ADM 6/37.5.1696 - 1.5.1699CaptainThomas Ley (d.1702) ADM 6/4/42
Commission confirmed 8.10.1696
9.2.1701/2 - 1702CaptainCharles Guy ADM 6/7/8ADM 6/7

2 Flag Officers

5.1690 - 11.1690Rear-Admiral of the RedGeorge Rooke (1650-1708/9)ODNB30.12.1695 - 1696Vice-Admiral of the RedSir Cloudisley Shovell (1650-1707) ADM 6/3/109ADM 6/3

17 Commissioned Officers

10.1.1694/95 - 1.10.1695Second LieutenantRichard Haddock (c.1674-1749/50) ADM 6/3/5ADM 6/31.4.1695 - 30.9.1695Fifth LieutenantPeter Hussey ADM 6/3/2ADM 6/322.5.1695 - 30.9.1695Fourth LieutenantEdward Rainey (1670-1703) ADM 6/3/58ADM 6/31.10.1695 - 10.11.1695Second LieutenantRobert Jenkinson (c.1667-?) ADM 6/3/87ADM 6/31.10.1695 - 10.11.1695Third LieutenantEdward Rumsey (d.1710) ADM 6/3/87ADM 6/31.10.1695 - 10.11.1695Fourth LieutenantPeter Hussey ADM 6/3/87ADM 6/31.10.1695 - 10.11.1695Fifth LieutenantJonathon Humphrys ADM 6/3/87ADM 6/311.11.1695 - 18.12.1695First LieutenantRobert Jenkinson (c.1667-?) ADM 6/3/91ADM 6/311.11.1695 - 23.5.1696Second LieutenantEdward Rumsey (d.1710) ADM 6/3/91ADM 6/311.11.1695 - 18.12.1695Third LieutenantPeter Hussey ADM 6/3/91ADM 6/311.11.1695 - 1695Fourth LieutenantRichard Adams (d.1723) ADM 6/3/92ADM 6/311.11.1695 - 1696Fifth LieutenantJohn Humphreys ADM 6/3/91ADM 6/319.12.1695 - 21.4.1696First LieutenantRobert Hughes (d.1728/29) ADM 6/3/104ADM 6/319.12.1695 - 21.4.1696Third LieutenantMark Noble (c.1660-1701/2) ADM 6/3/103ADM 6/38.5.1696 - 22.3.1697/98Fourth LieutenantHenry Thornhill (d.1701) ADM 6/4/36
Commission confirmed 15.10.1696
ADM 6/4
24.5.1696 - 22.3.1697/98First LieutenantEdward Rumsey (d.1710) ADM 6/4/34ADM 6/425.9.1696 - 1697Second LieutenantMark Noble (c.1660-1701/2) ADM 6/4/30ADM 6/4

2 Warrant Officers

1693 - 22.1.1692/93SurgeonNathaniel Doggetref:9431757 - 13.12.1757PurserHezekiah Hargood (d.1772) ADM 6/18/462ADM 6/18

9 Petty Officers

6.5.1690 - 13.10.1690MidshipmanHenry Parker ADM 107/1/8ADM 107/17.9.1690 - 15.2.1690/91MidshipmanThomas Campion ADM 107/1/11ADM 107/128.9.1690 - 16.4.1691MidshipmanWilliam Wise (c.1659-?) ADM 107/1/43ADM 107/126.1.1690/91 - 17.1.1692/93Master's MateJoshua Roydhouse (c.1657-?) ADM 107/1/55ADM 107/12.2.1690/91 - 20.3.1690/91MidshipmanJohn Jones (c.1666-?) ADM 107/1/28ADM 107/128.10.1691 - 31.10.1694MidshipmanThomas Gordon (c.1658-1740/41) ADM 107/1/76ADM 107/111.5.1693 - 24.10.1693MidshipmanJames Ferguherson (c.1663-?) ADM 107/1/44ADM 107/19.12.1694 - 18.2.1694/95MidshipmanRobert Eales (c.1673-?) ADM 107/1/97ADM 107/120.7.1695 - 23.8.1695MidshipmanGeorge Heyboo (c.1662-?) ADM 107/1/99ADM 107/1

Service History

30.6.1690Battle of Beachy Head
19.5.1692Battle of Barfleur
31.12.1701Renamed Princess AnneBWAS-1714
17.3.1701/2Renamed Windsor CastleBWAS-1714
21.7.1704Ordered to be rebuiltBWAS-1714
12.3.1704/5Rebuild ReorderedBWAS-1714
18.12.1706Renamed BlenheimBWAS-1714

Notes on Ship


The rebuild was started by Joseph Allin and taken over by Richard Stacey in November 1705


B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
B032The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy 897-1984E. H. H. ArchibaldBook
ADM 6/3ADM 6/3 Commission and Warrant Book 1694/5 Jan.-1696 25 May Archive
ADM 6/7ADM 6/7 Commission and Warrent Book 1702 28 Jan.-1703 6 July Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/4ADM 6/4 Commission and Warrent Book 1696 25 May-1698 20 Jan. Archive
ref:943Journals of the House of Commons: volume 15: 1705-1708 Book
ADM 6/18ADM 6/18 Commission and Warrant Book 1751 May-1758 Oct.  Archive
ADM 107/1ADM 107/1 1691-1703 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site

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