Janus -> 1788 Dromedary

Nominal Guns44BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down9.8.1776BWAS-1714
First Commissioned15.4.1778BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardBatson's Yard - Limehouse Hole BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRoebuck ClassBWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
Constructor Robert Batson (1735-1806)BWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck140' 0 ½"Imperial Feet42.6847 
Length of Keel115' 10 ½"Imperial Feet35.0647 
Breadth37' 10 ½"Imperial Feet11.2903 
Depth in Hold16' 4"Imperial Feet4.8937 
Burthen883 8094Tons BM 


14.5.1778Broadside Weight = 285 Imperial Pound ( 129.2475 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1769280Design Complement

16 Ship Commanders

15.4.1778 - 23.3.1780Captain Bonovier Glover (d.1780)† ADM 6/21/390BWAS-171423.3.1780 - 18.5.1780Lieutenant John ClarkBWAS-171418.5.1780 - 19.9.1780Captain Horatio Nelson (1758-1805)NAO8.11.1782 - 12.4.1783Captain William Henry King O'Hara (d.1789) ADM 6/22/538BWAS-171413.4.1783 - 5.5.1783Captain William Henry King O'Hara (d.1789) Transfered ADM 6/23/50ADM 6/235.5.1783 - 18.9.1783Captain Robert McEvoy ADM 6/23/63BWAS-171418.9.1783 - 30.9.1786Captain John Pakenham (1743-1807) ADM 6/23/140BWAS-171421.9.1790 - 22.10.1790Commander Richard Runwa Bowyer (d.1823) Transfered ADM 6/24/69ADM 6/2422.10.1790 - 17.9.1791Commander Benjamin Hulke (1754-1799) ADM 6/24/81BWAS-171411.3.1793 - 12.1794Commander Sandford Tatham ADM 6/24/218BWAS-171412.1794 - 11.1795Commander Richard Hill (d.1799)BWAS-171411.1795 - 12.1796Commander Thomas Harrison (d.1803)BWAS-17146.1797 - 29.11.1797Commander William Collis (d.1807)BWAS-171429.11.1797 - 4.1799Commander Thomas LeefBWAS-17144.1799 - 11.1799Commander William Robinson (d.1801)BWAS-171411.1799 - 18.12.1799Commander Bridges Watkinson Taylor (d.1814)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer

1794Lieutenant John B Connolly (d.1849)ADM 171/8

2 Petty Officers

1.5.1785 - 27.10.1787Midshipman Edward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH1786Midshipman Henry Digby (1770-1842)ref:616

1 Crewman

4.7.1783 - 26.10.1783Able Seaman Edward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH

Service History

14.5.1778building at Limehouse - London at a cost of £11210.15.6dBWAS-1714
14.5.1778Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
11.8.1778Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £6635.1.7dBWAS-1714
26.12.1778Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
20.3.17801st Action off Monti Christi
10.1782Began coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714
12.1782Completed coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £5683.5.4dBWAS-1714
3.1783Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth BWAS-1714

Paid off

7.1783Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth at a cost of £2274.13.6dBWAS-1714
6.11.1783Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714

Paid off

2.1788Began large repair at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
3.3.1788Renamed DromedaryBWAS-1714
12.1788Refitted as a 24 gun Unrated Storeship
11.1789Completed large repair at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £17447.0.0dBWAS-1714
9.1790Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford BWAS-1714
1.1791Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard - Deptford at a cost of £2222.0.0dBWAS-1714

Paid off

26.11.1793Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
3.1795Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
8.1795Returned homeBWAS-1714
9.2.1796Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
12.1796Returned homeBWAS-1714
1.1798Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
18.12.1799Paid offADM 51
10.8.1800Wrecked near TrinidadBWAS-1714


Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Tuesday 8th of April 2014 01:24

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 19, 1780
Kingston, Jamaica,April 1 ... His Majesty's ship Janus, commanded by Lieut. Stevens, returned on Saturday to Port Royal from a cruize. On the 19th ult. in the evening, then off Cape Francois, in company with his Majesty's ships Lion, Bristol, and Resource, they heard some firing from the windward, and concluded that the convoy from France, the object of their cruize, was coming down. At five in the morning of the 20th discovered four large ships in chase of the Bristol, on which the Commodore Capt. Cornwallis, in the Lion, bore away; and with the other ships, except the Resource, made sail from the enemy, which by being to windward, was separated from the rest of the Kings ships. At five in the evening the French convoy was nearly up, and a running fight commenced, which continued all night. By daybreak the Janus found herself engaged with three French men of war, with whom she maintained a noble, though unequal conflict, for thee glasses when one of them sheered off; the fight was continued until half past eight, at which time the largest (the Hannibal of 74 guns) having been twice set on fire, her main top mast, with nine men on the yard, shot into the sea, and in other respects greatly damaged, went to leeward. The light winds that prevailed the preceding night, and all this day as they put it out of the power of the Lion and Bristol to come to close action, and take the fire from the Janus, so they placed her in such a situation as to give great annoyance to her antagonists without receiving such injury as might have been expected from a force so infinitely superior. The French made sail in the afternoon, and chased the English squadron all night, but could not get near enough to come to action. Wednesday at daylight, Captain Cornwallis discovered tree sail to leeward, which imagining it to be the Ruby, Niger, and Pomona, (as they afterwards proved) he made the necessary signals, observing which, the squadron of France hawled their wind, and ours, in their return having pleasure in giving chase; but the Commodore's signals not being understood by the ships to leeward, he was compelled to give over a pursuit which promised fresh laurels to the British naval forces. In the evening the Janus, being much disabled, found it necessary to direct her course for this island. Only two men were killed in the action, Capt. Glover, who was in a bad state of health when the squadron sailed, died sometime before the action began and the command devolved upon Lieut. Stevens, whose conduct and bravery entitled him to the highest admiration. The French convoy consisted of two ships of 74, one of 70, and one of 56 having 70 merchantmen under their protection.

Make a comment about this page

Recent comments to other pages

Date postedByPage
Monday 19th of April 2021 18:18Helen BarrellBritish Merchant east indiaman 'Discovery' (1621)
Monday 19th of April 2021 17:14Cy James Cranstoun (d.1797)
Monday 19th of April 2021 15:28Cardinal Benjamin Connor James Cranstoun (d.1797)
Monday 19th of April 2021 08:27regisFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'Le Mars' (1740) (64)
Sunday 18th of April 2021 05:03Albert ParkerFrench Third Rate ship of the line 'L'Elisabeth' (1722)