Janus -> 1788 Dromedary

7592
Nominal Guns44BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered24.7.1776BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down9.8.1776BWAS-1714
Named27.8.1776BWAS-1714
Launched14.5.1778BWAS-1714
First Commissioned15.4.1778
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardLimehouse BWAS-1714
Ship ClassRoebuck Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorRobert Batson (1735-1806)BWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Wrecked10.8.1810BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck140' 0 ½"Imperial Feet42.6847 
Length of Keel115' 10 ½"Imperial Feet35.0647 
Breadth37' 10 ½"Imperial Feet11.2903 
Depth in Hold16' 4"Imperial Feet4.8937 
Burthen883 8094Tons BM 

Armament


14.5.1778Broadside Weight = 285 Imperial Pound ( 129.2475 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck20 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1769280Design Complement

14 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
15.4.1778 - 23.3.1780CaptainBonovier Glover (d.1780)† ADM 6/21/390BWAS-171423.3.1780 - 18.5.1780LieutenantJohn ClarkBWAS-171418.5.1780 - 19.9.1780CaptainHoratio Nelson (1758-1805)NAO19.9.1780 - 4.1783CaptainWilliam Henry King O'Hara (d.1789)BWAS-17144.1783 - 1784CaptainRobert McEvoyBWAS-17141784 - 10.1786CaptainJohn Pakenham (1743-1807)BWAS-171410.1790 - 9.1791CommanderBenjamin Hulke (1754-1799)BWAS-17143.1793 - 12.1794CommanderSandford TathamBWAS-171412.1794 - 11.1795CommanderRichard Hill (d.1799)BWAS-171411.1795 - 12.1796CommanderThomas Harrison (d.1803)BWAS-17146.1797 - 29.11.1797CommanderWilliam Collis (d.1807)BWAS-171429.11.1797 - 4.1799CommanderThomas LeefBWAS-17144.1799 - 11.1799CommanderWilliam Robinson (d.1801)BWAS-171411.1799 - 10.8.1800CommanderBridges Watkinson Taylor (d.1814)BWAS-1714

1 Commissioned Officer


DatesRankNameSource
1794LieutenantJohn B Connolly (d.1849)ADM 171/8

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.5.1785 - 27.10.1787MidshipmanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH1786MidshipmanHenry Digby (1770-1842)ref:616

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
4.7.1783 - 26.10.1783Able SeamanEdward Brace (1770-1843)WWNH

Service History


DateEventSource
14.5.1778building at Limehouse at a cost of £11210.15.6dBWAS-1714
14.5.1778Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
11.8.1778Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £6635.1.7dBWAS-1714
26.12.1778Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
20.3.17801st Action off Monti Christi
10.1782Began coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
12.1782Completed coppering at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £5683.5.4dBWAS-1714
3.1783Began refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
4.1783Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1783RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1783Completed refitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £2274.13.6dBWAS-1714
6.11.1783Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
10.1786Paid offBWAS-1714
2.1788Began large repair at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
3.3.1788Renamed DromedaryBWAS-1714
12.1788Refitted as a 24 gun Unrated Storeship
11.1789Completed large repair at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £17447.0.0dBWAS-1714
9.1790Began fitting at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
10.1790RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1791Completed fitting at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £2222.0.0dBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
3.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
26.11.1793Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
3.1795Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
8.1795Returned homeBWAS-1714
9.2.1796Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
12.1796Returned homeBWAS-1714
1.1798Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
10.8.1800Wrecked near TrinidadBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
WWNHWho's who in naval historyAlastair Wilson, Joseph F. CalloBook
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Tuesday 8th of April 2014 01:24

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 19, 1780
Kingston, Jamaica,April 1 ... His Majesty's ship Janus, commanded by Lieut. Stevens, returned on Saturday to Port Royal from a cruize. On the 19th ult. in the evening, then off Cape Francois, in company with his Majesty's ships Lion, Bristol, and Resource, they heard some firing from the windward, and concluded that the convoy from France, the object of their cruize, was coming down. At five in the morning of the 20th discovered four large ships in chase of the Bristol, on which the Commodore Capt. Cornwallis, in the Lion, bore away; and with the other ships, except the Resource, made sail from the enemy, which by being to windward, was separated from the rest of the Kings ships. At five in the evening the French convoy was nearly up, and a running fight commenced, which continued all night. By daybreak the Janus found herself engaged with three French men of war, with whom she maintained a noble, though unequal conflict, for thee glasses when one of them sheered off; the fight was continued until half past eight, at which time the largest (the Hannibal of 74 guns) having been twice set on fire, her main top mast, with nine men on the yard, shot into the sea, and in other respects greatly damaged, went to leeward. The light winds that prevailed the preceding night, and all this day as they put it out of the power of the Lion and Bristol to come to close action, and take the fire from the Janus, so they placed her in such a situation as to give great annoyance to her antagonists without receiving such injury as might have been expected from a force so infinitely superior. The French made sail in the afternoon, and chased the English squadron all night, but could not get near enough to come to action. Wednesday at daylight, Captain Cornwallis discovered tree sail to leeward, which imagining it to be the Ruby, Niger, and Pomona, (as they afterwards proved) he made the necessary signals, observing which, the squadron of France hawled their wind, and ours, in their return having pleasure in giving chase; but the Commodore's signals not being understood by the ships to leeward, he was compelled to give over a pursuit which promised fresh laurels to the British naval forces. In the evening the Janus, being much disabled, found it necessary to direct her course for this island. Only two men were killed in the action, Capt. Glover, who was in a bad state of health when the squadron sailed, died sometime before the action began and the command devolved upon Lieut. Stevens, whose conduct and bravery entitled him to the highest admiration. The French convoy consisted of two ships of 74, one of 70, and one of 56 having 70 merchantmen under their protection.

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