Essex

7628
Nominal Guns70B028
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
PreviouslyBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Essex' (1679) (70)
Ordered23.9.1698BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down11.1698BWAS-1714
Acquired5.1700BWAS-1714
ShipyardBlackwall Yard - Blackwall B028
Ship Class1677 Programme - 3rd RatesBWAS-1603
ConstructorJohn & Richard WellsBWAS-1714
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Broken Up to Rebuild5.1736BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Essex' (1741) (70)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck150' 4"Imperial Inch3.81 (12′ 5″ Imperial)
Length of Keel124' 0"Imperial Inch3.1496 (10′ 3″ Imperial)
Breadth40' 7 ½"Imperial Inch1.016 (3′ 3″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold16' 6"Imperial Inch0.4064 (1′ 3″ Imperial)
Burthen1,090Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Gundeck150' 4"Imperial Inch3.81 (12′ 5″ Imperial)
Length of Keel124' 0"Imperial Inch3.1496 (10′ 3″ Imperial)
Breadth40' 7 ½"Imperial Inch1.016 (3′ 3″ Imperial)
Depth in Hold16' 6"Imperial Inch0.4064 (1′ 3″ Imperial)
Burthen1,088 5294Tons BM 

Armament


1703Broadside Weight = 459 Imperial Pound ( 208.1565 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British Demi-Culverin
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse4 British 3-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1700460EstablishmentBWAS-1714

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
14.2.1700/1 - 6.3.1705/6CaptainJohn Hubbard (d.1723) ADM 6/6/55BWAS-17147.3.1705/6 - 30.6.1707CaptainHenry Lumley (d.1720) ADM 6/8/237BWAS-17141.7.1707 - 14.2.1709/10CaptainJohn Smith (d.1722)BWAS-171415.2.1709/10 - 31.3.1710CaptainVincent Cutter (d.1710) ADM 6/11/27BWAS-17141.4.1710 - 5.12.1710CaptainRichard Leake (d.1720/21) ADM 6/11/37BWAS-17146.12.1710 - 27.12.1710CaptainJames Moody (d.1724) ADM 6/11/86ADM 6/1127.1.1710/11 - 21.11.1711CaptainKerrit Roffey (d.1716) ADM 6/11/99BWAS-17142.3.1714/15 - 28.3.1715CaptainThomas Swanton (d.1722/23) ADM 6/12/30ADM 6/1229.3.1715 - 9.12.1716CaptainCharles Strickland (d.1724) ADM 6/12/37BWAS-171414.3.1717/18 - 9.4.1721CaptainRichard Rowzier (d.1745) ADM 6/12/118BWAS-171410.4.1721 - 28.6.1721CaptainBarrows Harris (d.1725/26) ADM 6/13/9ADM 6/1330.6.1721 - 18.12.1722CaptainChristopher O'Brien (d.1743/44) ADM 6/13/15BWAS-1714

1 Flag Officer


DatesRankNameSource
10.1702 - 1703Rear-Admiral of the WhiteStafford Fairborne (d.1716)BWAS-1714

36 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.2.1700/1 - 1.12.1702First LieutenantWalter Massy ADM 6/6/56ADM 6/617.2.1700/1 - 19.10.1702Second LieutenantGeorge Hay ADM 6/6/56ADM 6/617.2.1700/1 - 19.10.1702Third LieutenantWilliam Carleton ADM 6/6/56ADM 6/620.10.1702 - 27.12.1702Second LieutenantWilliam Carleton ADM 6/7/67
Commission confirmed 15.12.1702
ADM 6/7
2.12.1702 - 15.1.1702/3First LieutenantCharles Carter ADM 6/7/62ADM 6/728.12.1702 - 10.9.1704Second LieutenantWilliam Carleton ADM 6/7/73ADM 6/77.8.1703 - 10.9.1704Third LieutenantEdward Brookes (c.1676-1738) ADM 6/8/47
Commission confirmed 10.2.1703/4
ADM 6/8
11.9.1704 - 11.1.1707/8First LieutenantWilliam Carleton ADM 6/8/97
Commission confirmed 29.9.1704
ADM 6/8
11.9.1704 - 17.1.1708/9Second LieutenantEdward Brookes (c.1676-1738) ADM 6/8/97ADM 6/811.9.1704 - 7.5.1705Third LieutenantJoseph Peach ADM 6/8/97
Commission confirmed 29.9.1704
ADM 6/8
8.5.1705 - 18.1.1708/9Third LieutenantJohn Guilford (d.1726) ADM 6/8/206
Commission confirmed 1.12.1705
ADM 6/8
12.1.1707/8 - 5.2.1710/11First LieutenantJames Grainger ADM 6/9/119ADM 6/919.1.1708/9 - 1.3.1710/11Second LieutenantJohn Guilford (d.1726) ADM 6/11/3ADM 6/1120.1.1708/9 - 21.11.1711Third LieutenantRichard Thomas (d.1758) ADM 6/11/3
Commission confirmed 15.11.1709
ADM 6/11
30.1.1710/11 - 21.11.1711First LieutenantJohn James Gaches (d.1748) ADM 6/11/102ADM 6/113.3.1710/11 - 21.10.1711Second LieutenantThomas Waterhouse (d.1743) ADM 6/11/116ADM 6/114.3.1714/15 - 9.12.1716First LieutenantThomas Waterhouse (d.1743) ADM 6/12/30ADM 6/124.3.1714/15 - 9.12.1716Second LieutenantGeorge Beech (c.1673-1749) ADM 6/12/30ADM 6/124.3.1714/15 - 9.12.1716Third LieutenantThomas Bridges ADM 6/12/30ADM 6/1217.3.1717/18 - 4.7.1720First LieutenantJoseph Risby ADM 6/12/119ADM 6/1217.3.1717/18 - 1.6.1718Second LieutenantThomas Wilcocks (d.1741) ADM 6/12/119ADM 6/1217.3.1717/18 - 9.12.1718Third LieutenantJohn Vincent ADM 6/12/119ADM 6/1210.12.1718 - 1.3.1719/20Third LieutenantWilliam Biddle (d.1727) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/125.7.1720 - 9.4.1721First LieutenantWilliam Coulsea ADM 6/12/209ADM 6/125.7.1720 - 9.4.1721Second LieutenantBusby Mansell (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/12/209ADM 6/125.7.1720 - 4.12.1721Third LieutenantJohn Orme (1686-1764) ADM 6/12/209ADM 6/125.7.1720 - 22.12.1720Fourth LieutenantJohn Durell (d.1748) ADM 6/12/209ADM 6/1210.4.1721 - 18.12.1722First LieutenantGeorge Gother (1681/82-1754) ADM 6/13/9ADM 6/1310.4.1721 - 3.12.1721Second LieutenantJames Henderson ADM 6/13/9ADM 6/134.12.1721 - 1.5.1722Second LieutenantCharles Killigrew ADM 6/13/23ADM 6/134.12.1721 - 2.5.1722Third LieutenantJames Henderson ADM 6/13/23ADM 6/134.12.1721 - 9.5.1722Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsRobert Young (d.1754) ADM 6/13/23ADM 6/133.5.1722 - 18.12.1722Second LieutenantJames Henderson ADM 6/13/35ADM 6/131.6.1722 - 20.7.1722Third LieutenantJames Symonds ADM 6/13/38ADM 6/131.6.1722 - 9.7.1722Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsRichard Herbert (d.1740) ADM 6/13/38ADM 6/1321.7.1722 - 18.12.1722Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsSir Roger Butler (Baronet ) (d.c.1741) ADM 6/13/42ADM 6/13

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
19.7.1701 - 1701CarpenterSamuel RogersADM/A

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
4.2.1721/22 - 22.2.1721/22Midshipman OrdinaryJohn Webb ADM 107/3/187ADM107/3

Service History


DateEventSource
12.10.1702Battle of Vigo
21.7.1704Capture of Gibraltar
13.8.1704Battle of Malaga
1706In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
30.10.1710Took the Frégate Légère La Valeur (20)
1.7.1711Took the Privateer La Petite-Marie
10.1711Began great repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1603
21.11.1711Paid offADM33
1.1714Completed great repair at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham at a cost of £12727.0.0dBWAS-1603
1715Recommissioned for the BalticBWAS-1714
28.12.1716

Paid off

ADM33
1718Fitted for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1718fitting at Chatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1603
11.8.1718Battle of Cape Passaro
11.8.1718Took the Frigate Juno (30) Battle of Passaro
1721Guard ship at SheernessBWAS-1714
19.12.1722Paid offADM33
5.1736Completed breakup at ChathamBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
18.5.1715-29.11.1716British Baltic Fleet 1715Sir John Norris (1670-1749) 
 

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