Essex

7629
Nominal Guns70B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered20.5.1736B028
Keel Laid Down20.8.1736B028
Launched21.2.1740/41B028
First Commissioned19.2.1740/41B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich B028
Ship Class1733 Establishment 70-GunnerB028
ConstructorJohn HaywardB028
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Sunk in Action20.11.1759B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel121' 10"Imperial Feet36.8808 
Breadth43' 6"Imperial Feet13.1572 
Depth in Hold17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143 
Burthen1,226 2694Tons BM 

Armament


2.1741Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1755Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.1741480 BWAS-1714

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.2.1740/41 - 10.1741CaptainNicholas Robinson (d.1753): on board from 20.2.1740/41 ADM 6/15/382ADM 6/1510.1741 - 13.7.1744CaptainRichard NorrisB05113.7.1744 - 17.8.1744CaptainArthur Scott (d.1756) ADM 6/17/85
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 5.4.1746
ADM 6/17
18.8.1744 - 25.10.1748CaptainRichard Hughes (1708-1779) ADM 6/17/323
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 23.2.1747/48
BWAS-1714
20.3.1755 - 5.11.1756CaptainRobert Harland (c.1715-1783) ADM 6/18/148BWAS-17145.11.1756 - 4.6.1759CaptainJohn Campbell (1719-1790) ADM 6/18/319BWAS-17144.6.1759 - 20.11.1759CaptainLucius O'Brien (d.1771) ADM 6/19/69BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.11.1756 - 1756Vice-Admiral of the WhiteCharles Knowles (1704-1777)BWAS-17141.6.1758 - 4.7.1758CommodoreRichard Howe (1725/26-1799)SCHOMB

7 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
21.2.1740/41 - 26.3.1741First LieutenantWilliam Clement Bladwell (1703-1783) ADM 6/15/385ADM 6/1513.4.1741 - 17.9.1741Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsWilliam Walters ADM 6/15/409ADM 6/155.10.1741 - 15.5.1743Third LieutenantJohn Phillipson (d.1745) ADM 6/15/465ADM 6/155.2.1742/43 - 14.5.1743First LieutenantJames Cooke (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/17/143
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 18.8.1746
ADM 6/17
1.6.1745 - 5.2.1745/46Second LieutenantJacob Thorpe ADM 6/17/400
Issued by William Rowley (1690-1768), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 4.11.1748
ADM 6/17
18.10.1745 - 9.4.1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJames Lawson (c.1725-1798) ADM 6/17/397
Issued by The Hon. John Byng (1704-1757)
Commission confirmed 31.10.1748
ADM 6/17
9.4.1748 - 25.10.1748First LieutenantJacob Thorpe ADM 6/17/400
Issued by The Hon. John Byng (1704-1757)
Commission confirmed 4.11.1748
ADM 6/17

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.8.1742 - 14.5.1743MidshipmanHenry Costobadie (c.1725-1811) ADM 6/86/149ADM 6/8616.7.1744 - 21.1.1745/46MidshipmanHenry Costobadie (c.1725-1811) ADM 6/86/149ADM 6/86

Service History


DateEventSource
15.5.1741Completed at a cost of £25,765.7.3d including fittingBWAS-1714
11.2.1743/44Battle of Toulon
25.10.1748

Paid off

ADM 51
29.1.1748/49SurveyedBWAS-1714
21.6.1750SurveyedBWAS-1714
8.1750Began middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
10.1751Refitted as a 64 gun Third Rate
10.1751Completed middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £13386.14.10dBWAS-1714
3.1755Recommissioned for Hawke's fleetBWAS-1714
13.11.1756

Vice-Admiral Knowles sailed in the Essex to take command of the fleet off Brest.

W029
30.12.1756Took the Privateer La Sainte Barbe
2.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Prince de Turenne (10) BG
16.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Puisieux
22.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Comte d'Hérouville (16) BG
2.8.1757Took the Privateer Le Comte de Saint Florentine (18) about 3 leagues West of Scilly ansd carried her to PlymouthBG
7.4.1758Took the Frigate Le Rostan (32)
7.4.1758Took the Frégate Légère Le Galatée (24)
6.1758At Cherbourg and then St CasBWAS-1714
5.6.1758At St MaloBWAS-1714
5.6.1758Raid on Saint-Malo
7.8.1758At CherbourgBWAS-1714
20.11.1759Battle of Quiberon Bay


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/15ADM 6/15 Commission and Warrant Book 1735 26 Dec.-1742 4 Jan. Archive
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IVJohn CharnockDigital Book
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
SCHOMBNaval chronology; or, An historical summary of naval & maritime eventsIsaac SchombergDigital Book
ADM 6/86ADM 6/86 Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1744-1747 Archive
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
W029Seven Years War ProjectRichard CoutureWeb Site
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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