Essex

7629
Nominal Guns70B028
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered20.5.1736B028
Keel Laid Down20.8.1736B028
Launched21.2.1740/41B028
First Commissioned19.2.1740/41B028
How acquiredPurpose builtB028
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich B028
Ship Class1733 Establishment 70-GunnerB028
Constructor John HaywardB028
CategoryThird RateB028
Ship TypeShip of the Line B028
Sailing RigShip RiggedB028
Sunk in Action20.11.1759B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck151' 0"Imperial Feet46.0248 
Length of Keel121' 10"Imperial Feet36.8808 
Breadth43' 6"Imperial Feet13.1572 
Depth in Hold17' 9"Imperial Feet5.2143 
Burthen1,226 2694Tons BM 

Armament


2.1741Broadside Weight = 522 Imperial Pound ( 236.727 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck14 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder

1755Broadside Weight = 504 Imperial Pound ( 228.564 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
2.1741480 BWAS-1714

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
19.2.1740/41 - 10.1741Captain Nicholas Robinson (d.1753): on board from 20.2.1740/41 ADM 6/15/382ADM 6/1510.1741 - 13.7.1744Captain Richard NorrisB05113.7.1744 - 17.8.1744Captain Arthur Scott (d.1756) ADM 6/17/85
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 5.4.1746
ADM 6/17
18.8.1744 - 25.10.1748Captain Richard Hughes (1708-1779) ADM 6/17/323
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 23.2.1747/48
BWAS-1714
20.3.1755 - 5.11.1756Captain Robert Harland (c.1715-1783) ADM 6/18/148BWAS-17145.11.1756 - 4.6.1759Captain John Campbell (1719-1790) ADM 6/18/319BWAS-17144.6.1759 - 20.11.1759Captain Lucius O'Brien (d.1771) ADM 6/19/69BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.11.1756 - 23.2.1757Vice-Admiral of the White Charles Knowles (1704-1777) ADM 6/24/182BWAS-17141.6.1758 - 4.7.1758Commodore Richard Howe (1725/26-1799) ADM 6/18/138SCHOMB

7 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
21.2.1740/41 - 26.3.1741First Lieutenant William Clement Bladwell (1703-1783) ADM 6/15/385ADM 6/1513.4.1741 - 17.9.1741Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms William Walters ADM 6/15/409ADM 6/155.10.1741 - 15.5.1743Third Lieutenant John Phillipson (d.1745) ADM 6/15/465ADM 6/155.2.1742/43 - 14.5.1743First Lieutenant James Cooke (d.bef.1752) ADM 6/17/143
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 18.8.1746
ADM 6/17
1.6.1745 - 5.2.1745/46Second Lieutenant Jacob Thorpe ADM 6/17/400
Issued by William Rowley (1690-1768), The Mediterranean Sea
Confirmed 4.11.1748
ADM 6/17
18.10.1745 - 9.4.1748Fourth Lt. & Lt. at Arms James Lawson (c.1725-1798) ADM 6/17/397
Issued by The Hon. John Byng (1704-1757)
Confirmed 31.10.1748
ADM 6/17
9.4.1748 - 25.10.1748First Lieutenant Jacob Thorpe ADM 6/17/400
Issued by The Hon. John Byng (1704-1757)
Confirmed 4.11.1748
ADM 6/17

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.8.1742 - 14.5.1743Midshipman Henry Costobadie (c.1725-1811) ADM 6/86/149ADM 6/8616.7.1744 - 21.1.1745/46Midshipman Henry Costobadie (c.1725-1811) ADM 6/86/149ADM 6/8614.4.1745 - 24.5.1745Midshipman Rowland Pritchett ADM 6/86/273ADM 6/86

Service History


DateEventSource
15.5.1741Completed at a cost of £25,765.7.3d including fittingBWAS-1714
10.2.1742/43Battle of Toulon
25.10.1748

Paid off

ADM 51
29.1.1748/49SurveyedBWAS-1714
21.6.1750SurveyedBWAS-1714
8.1750Began middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
10.1751Refitted as a 64 gun Third Rate
10.1751Completed middling repair at Woolwich Dockyard - Woolwich at a cost of £13386.14.10dBWAS-1714
3.1755Recommissioned for Hawke's fleetBWAS-1714
13.11.1756

Vice-Admiral Knowles sailed in the Essex to take command of the fleet off Brest.

W029
30.12.1756Took the Privateer La Sainte Barbe
2.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Prince de Turenne (10) BG
16.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Puisieux
22.7.1757Took the Privateer Le Comte d'Hérouville (16) BG
2.8.1757Took the Privateer Le Comte de Saint Florentine (18) about 3 leagues West of Scilly ansd carried her to PlymouthBG
7.4.1758Took the Frigate Le Rostan (32)
7.4.1758Took the Frégate Légère La Galatée (24)
6.1758At Cherbourg and then St CasBWAS-1714
5.6.1758At St MaloBWAS-1714
5.6.1758Raid on Saint-Malo
7.8.1758At CherbourgBWAS-1714
20.11.1759Battle of Quiberon Bay

 

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