Sandwich

88
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered20.7.1709BWAS-1714
Launched21.4.1715BWAS-1714
First Commissioned11.1.1719/20BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
ConstructorBenjamin Rosewell (d.1742)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Deleted from list22.1.1755BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Burthen1,573Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck162' 6"Imperial Feet49.3801 
Length of Keel132' 0"Imperial Feet40.2336 
Breadth47' 4"Imperial Feet14.3401 
Depth in Hold18' 6"Imperial Feet5.5055 
Burthen1,576 8894Tons BM 

Armament


1720Broadside Weight = 803 Imperial Pound ( 364.1605 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck26 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck26 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1720680Establishment (1703)BWAS-1714

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1.1719/20 - 8.11.1721CaptainWilliam Faulknor (d.1725) ADM 6/12/188BWAS-171429.4.1723 - 1.2.1725/26CaptainSalmon Morrice (d.1741): on board from 6.5.1723 ADM 6/13/55BWAS-17141.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26CaptainPhilip Vanbrugh (d.1753) ADM 6/13/101ADM 6/1329.1.1740/41 - 8.6.1741CaptainSamuel Mead (d.1776) ADM 6/15/373BWAS-17149.6.1741 - 26.9.1741CaptainCharles Browne (c.1678-1753) ADM 6/15/426BWAS-171427.9.1741 - 2.7.1742CaptainSamuel Atkins (d.1765) ADM 6/15/461BWAS-17143.7.1742 - 15.4.1744CaptainSir William Hewett (4th Baronet of Headley Hall) (d.1749) ADM 6/16/72BWAS-171416.4.1744 - 15.6.1744CaptainRoger Martin (d.1779) ADM 6/16/293BWAS-17148.9.1744 - 10.2.1744/45CaptainLachlan Leslie (d.1762) ADM 6/16/360ADM 6/1611.2.1744/45 - 21.3.1744/45CaptainCharles Saunders (1713-1775) ADM 6/16/438ADM 6/1626.3.1745 - 26.6.1745CaptainHarry Powlett (1720-1794) ADM 6/16/459BWAS-171427.6.1745 - 19.7.1745CaptainPhilip Saumarez (1710-1747) ADM 6/16/501BWAS-171420.7.1745 - 18.4.1747CaptainJohn Hume (d.1759) ADM 6/16/516BWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1720 - 1721AdmiralSir John Norris (1670-1749)BWAS-17141744Rear-AdmiralWilliam Martin (c.1696-1756)BWAS-1714

37 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
11.1.1719/20 - 30.4.1723First LieutenantDaniel Morris (d.1728) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/1211.1.1719/20 - 30.4.1723Second LieutenantJohn Weller (d.1752) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/1211.1.1719/20 - 31.1.1725/26Third LieutenantEdward Brookes (d.1738) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/1211.1.1719/20 - 16.2.1720/21Fourth LieutenantJohn Edwards (d.1731) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/1211.1.1719/20 - 31.1.1725/26Fifth LieutenantJohn Smith (d.1729) ADM 6/12/188ADM 6/124.4.1720 - 25.1.1725/26Sixth LieutenantJames Robinson (d.c.1730) ADM 6/12/201ADM 6/1217.2.1720/21 - 31.5.1722Fourth LieutenantJohn Elliot (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/13/4ADM 6/1317.2.1720/21 - 3.12.1721Fifth LieutenantNathaniel Tucker ADM 6/13/4ADM 6/1317.2.1720/21 - 31.1.1725/26Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJohn Button (d.1728) ADM 6/13/4ADM 6/131.5.1723 - 31.1.1725/26First LieutenantJohn Stanley (d.1740) ADM 6/13/55ADM 6/131.5.1723 - 31.1.1725/26Second LieutenantRoger Martin (d.1779) ADM 6/13/55ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26First LieutenantIsrael Sparkes (d.1753) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26Second LieutenantHenry Dodson (d.bef.1737) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26Third LieutenantRobert Callis (d.1733) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 9.2.1725/26Fourth LieutenantWilliam Parry (d.1753) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26Fifth LieutenantJohn Gascoigne (d.1753) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/131.2.1725/26 - 8.2.1725/26Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsRoger Martin (d.1779) ADM 6/13/100ADM 6/1330.1.1740/41 - 2.4.1742Second LieutenantAlexander Stewart (d.1742) ADM 6/16/374ADM 6/1530.1.1740/41 - 26.3.1741Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJohn Paterson (d.1743/44) ADM 6/15/374ADM 6/1527.3.1741 - 12.4.1741Fifth LieutenantJohn Paterson (d.1743/44) ADM 6/15/404ADM 6/1513.4.1741 - 24.5.1742Fifth LieutenantJohn Paterson (d.1743/44) ADM 6/16/409ADM 6/155.10.1741 - 18.7.1742Fourth LieutenantHenry Slade ADM 6/16/464ADM 6/1519.7.1742 - 30.7.1742Fourth LieutenantCurtis King (d.1745) ADM 6/16/76ADM 6/1631.7.1742 - 2.2.1742/43Fifth LieutenantCurtis King (d.1745) ADM 6/16/82ADM 6/169.2.1742/43 - 14.6.1743Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsThe Hon. William Farmer (c.1722-1758) ADM 6/16/147ADM 6/168.9.1744 - 11.1.1744/45Fifth LieutenantWilliam Bowyer (d.1746) ADM 6/16/360ADM 6/1612.1.1744/45 - 10.2.1744/45Fourth LieutenantWilliam Bowyer (d.1746) ADM 6/16/422ADM 6/1612.1.1744/45 - 19.2.1744/45Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJohn Hussey (d.1748) ADM 6/16/422ADM 6/1620.2.1744/45 - 6.5.1746Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsHenry Scott (c.1724-1762) ADM 6/16/445ADM 6/1620.5.1745 - 6.8.1745Third LieutenantRichard Bligh (1713-1748) ADM 6/16/480ADM 6/167.8.1745 - 4.2.1745/46Second LieutenantRichard Bligh (1713-1748) ADM 6/16/524ADM 6/167.8.1745 - 4.2.1745/46Third LieutenantWilliam Stewart ADM 6/16/524ADM 6/165.2.1745/46 - 14.2.1746/47Second LieutenantWilliam Stewart ADM 6/17/56ADM 6/179.5.1746 - 27.11.1746Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsJames Cope (d.1747) ADM 6/17/102ADM 6/1728.11.1746 - 18.4.1747Sixth Lt. & Lt. at ArmsThomas Taylor (1721-1797) ADM 6/17/176ADM 6/1714.2.1746/47 - 18.4.1747First LieutenantWilliam Stewart ADM 6/17/199ADM 6/1714.2.1746/47 - 18.4.1747Fourth LieutenantThomas Sliford (c.1710-bef.1756) ADM 6/17/200ADM 6/17

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1718 - 2.3.1717/18BoatswainJohn Bennett ADM 6/12/116ADM 6/12

3 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
22.3.1719/20 - 11.2.1721/22MidshipmanRobert Shorting (d.1734) ADM 107/3/121ADM107/33.4.1741 - 19.6.1741MidshipmanChristopher Lobb (c.1719-?) ADM 107/3/556ADM107/331.7.1741 - 5.12.1743MidshipmanHenry Parr (c.1719-?) ADM 107/3/510ADM107/3

Service History


DateEventSource
1.1720Completed rebuild and refit at a cost of £24,607.0.5d for the rebuild and £4.057.10.4d for fittingBWAS-1714
27.4.1720Left England as Flagship of the British Baltic FleetW025
8.5.1720Arrived off the SoundNWB
18.5.1720Arrived off CopenhagenNWB
19.5.1720Entered the BalticNWB
23.5.1720Reached the Stockholm skargard and joined the Swedish battleships under Over-Admiral Count SparreNWB
31.5.1720Left Stolkholm bound for Gottska SandoNWB
7.6.1720Sailed for RevelNWB
10.6.1720Arrived off NargenNWB
13.6.1720Sailed for HangoNWB
17.6.1720Anchored in the harbour of Kapelsvik in Gothland to take in water and provisionsNWB
27.6.1720Arrived at DalaroNWB
12.11.1720Returned to CopenhagenNWB
1.12.1720Arrived in EnglandNWB
1721Commissioned for the BalticBWAS-1714
9.5.1721Arrived of the Sound as Flagship of the English Baltic Fleet of 1721W025
29.8.1721Left Kapelskar as part of the Anglo-Swedish fleet eventually sailing on to ElfsnabbenNWB
4.10.1721Sailed for EnglandNWB
12.10.1721Arrived in CopenhagenNWB
17.10.1721Left CopenhagenNWB
31.10.1721Arrived at the NoreNWB
8.11.1721Paid offADM 51
1723Fitted as a guardship,serving at Blackstakes until 1725BWAS-1714
10.1729Started great repair at ChathamBWAS-1714
10.1733Completed great repair at a cost of £27,460.6.0dBWAS-1714
1741At Chatham fitting as a flagship during the spring at a cost of £5,358.11.2dBWAS-1714
1.1741Recommissioned for the ChannelBWAS-1714
18.4.1747Paid offADM 51
3.1747/48SurveyedBWAS-1714
10.1749Converted to a church ship "In the room of the Union" at ChathamBWAS-1714
21.1.1752

Order to be cut down and converted to a lazarette for Stangate Creek

BWAS-1714
9.3.1752Contract for conversion to lazarette with Mr Temple, completed in 1752BWAS-1714
26.11.1754Order to be conveyed to Stangate CreekBWAS-1714
22.1.1755Struck from the Navy ListBWAS-1714
24.3.1770Break up completed at ChathamBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
16.4.1720-1.12.1720British Baltic Fleet 1720Sir John Norris (1670-1749) 
13.4.1721-20.10.1721British Baltic Fleet 1721Sir John Norris (1670-1749) 

Notes on Ship



Lavery's The Ship of the Line Volume I gives a launch date of 1712/04/21

 

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